a. Have the ability to censor an article before its published
After the 1974 Election Campaign Reform Act placed limits on spending in the House and Senate Campaigns?
a. There was a dramatic increase in PACs (political action committees) b. Campaigning became more expensive c. Presidential campaigns increasingly began to make use of soft money- money contributed by interest groups, labor unions, and individual donors that is not subject to federal regulations
In a closed primary...
a. Only registered members of the party can vote to elect members b. Is intended to strengthen party unity c. One must have declared affiliation with the party to participate
The Prospective theory of voting...
a. Voting based on the candidates policy promises
Party leaders are an example of a Member of Congress?s...
a. Serve as a spokesperson, face for the parties stances b. Majority/minority leaders
In the case of McCullock v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that the law that created the National Bank...
a. Was allowed because it fell under the necessary and proper clause for congress b. Supreme court stated that a state government could not tax a federal entity
a. A false statement defaming another (usually in print) b. Libel is not constitutionally protected
Following the Supreme Court?s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson we observe that...
a. Separate but equal public facilities were declared constitutional b. Passing of the separate but equal doctrine which found it constitutional to have segregated facilities
Barriers used to prevent African Americans from voting included...
a. Poll tax b. Literacy test c. White primaries d. Grandfather clause
De jure segregation means racial segregation...
a. That is legally sanctioned (pg 504)
A major result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was...
(ch. 17 civil rights lecture notes)
a. Increased participation by African American voters b. Federal voting examiners sent to states to register voters and oversee the process c. Literacy tests were suspended d. All new state voting laws must be approved by the federal government
a. Drawing new boundaries of congressional districts, usually after the decennial (10 year) census
a. Drawing boundary lines of congressional districts in order to confer and advantage on some partisan or political interest
A conference committee has the authority to...
a. Iron out the differences between the two chambers (House and Senate) versions of a bill or resolution
An initiative is?
a. Proposed laws or state constitutional amendments placed on the ballot via citizen petition
Social Security is a national...
a. Social insurance program for senior citizens
When the principal-agent problem arises, the principle wants the agent:
a. We the principle (public) want our agents (like representatives) to work on our behalf rather than pursuing satisfaction of their own utility b. To carry out a duty but it?s difficult to keep track of the agent
What is required to amend the constitution...
a. Amendments must be proposed by: i. Either 2/3 of Both House and Senate ii. Or, a convention called by Congress on application of 2/3 of State Legislatures b. And ratified by i. ¾ of State Legislators ii. ¾ of State Ratifying Conventions. c. See image in appendix
In a representative democracy...
a. There is an indirect form of democracy in which the people choose representatives who determine what government does
The Bill of Rights provided for
a. Civil liberties, and is composed of the first 10 constitutional amendments b. Provided for protection of the people on both a state and national level c. Was intended as protection for individuals and states against a federal government
By definition a collective good is
a. A public good that is non-rivaled and non-excludable b. A specific good that is beneficial for all of its members c. Opponents argue that it causes a free rider problem
The great compromise created
a. Also known as the Connecticut compromise b. Was an agreement between large and small states regarding representation c. Called for a House proportionate to population and a Senate in which all states were represented equally
According to Article II, the President is granted the power to perform each duty EXCEPT:
a. The president CANNOT i. Declare war ii. Enact funding b. The following ARE powers granted to the president i. Power to inform and persuade (state of the Union) ii. Commander in chief/appointments iii. Treaties iv. Veto
To end a debate in the senate, a procedure called______is used.
a. Cloture- motion to end the debate (requires 60 votes to pass) pg 338
Standing committees are generally important because...
a. They have fixed membership and jurisdiction b. They are important on focusing on district issues c. They are powerful in deciding what legislation should be considered d. Have fixed membership and jurisdiction e. Examples: i. Appropriations, ii. Commerce iii. Foreign relations
The implied powers are...
a. Those legal powers authorized by a legal document which, while not stated, are deemed to be implied by powers expressly states b. Things that the president can get away with i. Emergency powers-marshal law, etc. ii. Make war/foreign military intervention iii. Executive agreements-deals with other countries iv. Executive orders- tells agencies what to do v. Executive privilege- right to keep secrets from Congress/courts
Which of the following state policies was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court?
a. Separate but equal b. Interrogation without rights
The bill of rights explicitly imposed limits...
a. On the federal government in order to preserve the fundamental freedoms of the people b. On the federal government, but was not applicable to states
When the Supreme Court says that the due process clause of the 14th amendment forbids a state government from violating one of your rights this is called
a. A civil liberty b. Forbids the deprivation of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law c. Is applicable to the states/provides protection for individual against state level entities
The exclusionary rule
a. Is a legal standard that says that illegally obtained evidence cannot be admitted in court
On the whole, the Supreme Court?s decisions regarding freedom of the press over the last 100 years have been
a. Preserved and extended freedom of the press b. Increasingly liberal
Even though you have a right of free speech and press, the government can punish you if the newspaper you print has
a. Untruthful statements made with a knowingly or reckless disregard for the truth b. Obscenity, or endangers the nation and/or president
Fiscal policy concerns...
a. The sum total of taxing and spending b. Determines the level of the deficit or surplus (pg 636)
Which of the following programs uses ?means testing??
a. Means testing determines their level of qualification for public benefits b. Some of the programs which would be applicable include i. AFDC/TANF ii. Medicaid iii. Food stamp program
Comparing social security and TANF, which of these statements is correct?
a. TANF based on income/ Soc. Security is not b. TANF benefits are for a certain period of time/Soc. Sec. is for as long as you have lived c. TANF is not used to subsidize other incomes, Soc. Sec. may be used to subsidize other incomes d. TANF is need based/Soc. Sec. is not
After 1930, the Supreme Courts reinterpretation of the commerce clause...
a. Extended the power of federal government to regulate b. Lead to increased government regulation i. Setting standards ii. Breaking up monopolies c. Eight regulatory agencies created at the time including FCC
Social contract theory maintains that...
a. People must consent to be governed b. Life without cooperation is nasty, brutish, short c. People need to cooperate to survive and do well i. Therefore gov?t is needed
For which brand of the national government are its powers spelled out with the greatest amount of detail in the Constitution?
a. Legislative branch
The federalists were...
a. Those who wrote and campaigned on behalf of ratification of the constitution
Suppose the president wants to put his friend Clarence Thomas on the Supreme Court. The Senate can hold hearings and decide whether or not to confirm the appointment. This is an example of...
a. A confirmation hearing b. Checks and balances c. Justices elected by a highly political process d. Nominated by the president, evaluated by the senate judiciary committee, confirmed by full senate vote e. Can also be termed borking if the public campaign portrays the nominee as a dangerous extremist
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