T/F: Herbert Gans, in his study "Deciding What's News," found that the media was profoundly biased in favor of big business and the evidence of this could be found in most news stories.
A newspaper runs stories that suggest that most people in the country support cutting taxes. After reading the stories, people who support raising taxes tend to keep quiet because they think their neighbors all support tax cuts. This would be an example of which of the following?
Spiral of Silence
T/F: Current research supports the fears media critics had in the World War I era of powerful, direct effects of the mass media.
The critical/cultural model assumes which of the following?
Audiences actively use the media to construct their view of the world
T/F: The indirect effects model recognizes that people will react differently to media messages because they have different backgrounds, needs, attitudes, and values.
The journalistic value of _______ represents a nostalgia for the old-fashioned rural community.