Last Modified: 2011-12-06
Related Textbooks:World Regional Geography Concepts
- New Zealand
- eastern New Guinea
- and about 25,000 other islands in the South Pacific
- centuries of isolation have given rise to many distinctive cultures
- Oceania's largest landmass
- world's smallest continent
- generally flat and dry
- interior sparsely populated; most people living in coastal cities.
- speak English and are descendants of British settlers
- one major river system-Darling and Murray Rivers
- hot dry desert in central and western Australia
- Southeastern Australia and New Zealand enjoy milder rainier climate
- New Guinea has a tropical rain forest climate. has heavy rainfall and high temp.
- Oceania is warm and humid
- thriving livestock industry and leading world exporter of dairy products and lamb.
- thinly populated
- Australia's Aborigines are the oldest race. Migrated from Asia.
- New Zealanders, the Maoris, arrived from other Polynesian islands.
- the longest coral reef in the world and a World Heritage Site.
- more than 1250 miles along the coast of Queensland
- lives in an environment the includes fresh water flowing from land and seawater.
- is dying in a number of places
- volcanic high islands
- low coral atolls
- raised and uplifted coral platforms known as makatea.
- species only exist in a particular place and nowhere else on earth.
- animal life-fauna
- plant life-flora
- uniqueness is the result of isolation, large size, homogeneous land forms, and arid climate
- evolved in isolation
- 144 living species of endemic marsupial: kangaroos, wombats, koala, and bandicoots.
- plant species are adapted to dry conditions
- Aborigines- longest surviving inhabitants of Oceania
- Melanesians(Melanesia)- New Guinea and islands south of the equator.
- Austronesians-migrated out of SE Asia.
- Micronesia-small islands lying east of the Philippines and north of the equator.
- Polynesia- numerous islands situated inside a large irregular triangle formed by New Zealand, Hawaii, and Easter Island.
- most westernized
- the American Revolution was the major reason for British settlement b/c needed somewhere else to send their convicts.
- native people were killed
- European focus
- identification w/ US and Canada
- currently emerging linkage w/ Asia
- Seasonal change of wind patterns due to differential heating and cooling of lan
- 4500 yrs ago along the Indus River.
- 1st substantial settled agricultural communities
- quite advance, evidence of trade network, writing system
- agricultural system survives to this day.
- 1st recorded invaders of SA: Aryans 3500 yrs ago.
- instituted some of the early elements of classical Hinduism, the major religion of India
- caste system
- SA is one of the most densely populated regions in the world
- 30% urban. World largest cities: Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Dhaka.
- more than 1/3 of SA's people are under 15.
- Sri Lanka's low rate of infant mortality is related to the education of women.
- the ancient system of dividing society into hereditary hierarchical categories.
- is a custom associated primarily w/ Hindu India.
- one is born into a given subcaste, or community called jati, largely defines one's life.
- where one will live, eat and drink, who to talk to, wife or husband, and livelihood.
- Brahmins-priestly caste, most privileged in ritual status, strict veg., no alcohol.
- Kshatriyas- warriors and rulers
- Vaishyas- landowner farmers and merchants
- Sudras- low status labors and artisans.
- Harijans(Dalits "the oppressed" or untouchables)- is actually considered to be so lowly as to have no caste.
- Adivasis- who are thought to be descendants of the regions;s ancient original inhabitants.
- notably lower than men
- women fare better in eastern, central, and southern India and in Sri Lanka.
- urban women have more freedom than rural women.
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