The 3 pts of "Thakane and Her Father". **Show how the 2nd and 3rd parts comment on the 1st
Pt 1: Father wishes to destroy his daughter, Thakane for cutting into the milk tree. Pt 2: Ogres destroy all girl children Pt 3: Calcified heart of Thakane's father destroys all living things **For each pt, the punishment doesn't fit the crime.
Mythic Element: "Lion-child and Cow-Child"
Pt 3 is mythic: Cow-child becomes God.
Mythic Element: "The Two-Brothers"
-Wife created by Gods and is carrying out their will. -Bata becomes a Pharoah (part god, part human) -the heavenly origins of cultural tradition
Mythic Element: "The Python's Shining Stone"
-Tale, but turns into myth -Moon is God's gift of generosity
Mythic Element: "Mantis Creates an Eland"
-Manitis is a dualistic God --> Creation of Moon: must hunt to survive. (God's magnificance) --> Creation of darkness (God's anger/punishment)
"The Romance of the Fox" : Role of the older brother
-Negative Past -he is a false hero: cast boy into pit: takes credit
"The Romance of the Fox": Role of the fox
-Pt 1: fox is the adulthood -fox is not a helper, he mirrors the younger brother: developing wisdom of the brother -Pt 2: childhood past
"The Romance of the Fox" :Role of the woman, bird, and the horse
-reveal identity, rite of passage
"The Two Brothers": The ox mirrors?
The initial state of Bata
"The Two Brothers": The tree mirrors?
Bata's later state
"Lion-child and Cow-child": Pattern
Pt 1: Lion as villain, Kills lion: set things right Pt 2: 8 old men, destroy them and give water: set things right Pt 3: God as villain, Cow-Child becomes God, set things right
"Mohammed with the Magic Finger" : Mohammed mirrors the uncle, how?
+ side- taking cattle - side - killing the man with the red hair's family
"Mohammed with the Magic Finger" : significance of the trickery of Mohammed
represents the energy of the youth as he moves through his puberty rite of passage
"Mohammed with the Magic Finger" : significance of the corpses
death of the uncle's childhood past
"Mohammed with the Magic Finger" : significance of the trading-up/exchange pattern
trade something with your enemies and they give you something better
"Sikhuluma" : role of Mangangedolo
fantasy character, kills everyone, negative childhood side
"Sikhuluma": role of Mangangedolo's daugter
positive side of Sikhuluma, brings him back to life
"Sikhuluma": role of the mouse
not a helper! developing wisdom of Sikhuluma
"Sikhuluma": role of Sitshalotshalwana
-negative side of Sikhuluma
"The King's Twelve's Sons and One Daughter": transformation of girl represents?
movement into adulthood
"The King's Twelve's Sons and One Daughter": role of the fairy
magical helper; testing the old generation, orchestrates the girl's ordeal
"The King's Twelve's Sons and One Daughter": mirroring in the story
fantasy mirrors reality sons as doves = girls childhood past sons as men = girl's adulthood
"Umxakaza-wakogingqwayo": 2 super patterns
1. Grotesqueness-moral, physical: enormous, big head 2. Nature-Usilosimaphunda, thunder and lightning and UW herself
"Mantis Creates an Eland" : How/Why is Mantis Dualistic
Mantis creates darkness- punishment Mantis creates the moon- need for hunting, magnificance
"Ma'aruf, the Cobbler, and his Wife" : significance of 2 wives
Two sides of Ma'aruf's transformation: Dunya: positive side Fatima: negative side
"Ma'aruf, the Cobbler, and his Wife" : significance of ring
grows out of the pattern of truth
"Ma'aruf, the Cobbler, and his Wife" : significance of jinni
jinni makes fantasy reality
"Yarima, Atafa, and the King": relationship btwn Atafa and Yarima
-2 puberty rituals, helping someone else go thru their puberty ritual, once you have completed yours. Atafa helps Yarima
"Yarima, Atafa, and the King": know how Yarima and Atafa go thru their puberty rite of passage
Yarima: thrown into well, life in the well, Atafa cleans him Atafa: when she is huge, Yarima, when she vomits one last time producing home
"Yarima, Atafa, and the King": function of Yarima's father
Yarima's childhood past, moves him into seperation stage
"The Two Brothers" : Role of women
Anku's wife: + moves him into seperation, - accuses him of rape Bata's wife: + swalloing monster, means of transfomation, - wants to kill him
Niakoro is to Tiemoko as... (interested in tradition---not interested in tradition) opposites
Fatima is to Dunya
Rvarombe, the bird mother, is similar in her dualistic nature to...
The father in "Twakane and Her Father"
Which is NOT an example of mirroring
Yarima becomes a man
"Romance of the Fox" : 2 characters that represent the internal struggle of the boy?
the fox and the older brother
Ajibiji and Nwoye
move into a new sense of who they are
Niokoro and Okonkwo
stand for tradition
a girl who is excited about the future. african girl participating in activities traditionally the province of men: she is going to school, attending strike meetings, doing things that girls and women have never done before. She is the new Africa, the future. Major events: struggle with Niakoro, the visits to strike meetings
an old mand who seeks a balance between tradtion and change
a brash young revolutionary
an old woman, a traditionalist
a "scab": he crosses the picket line during the strike
A leader of the strike, model for change: he wants to take selevtively, from the African tradition and European technology, and create the new Africa. The change that Bakayoko represents is seen in: Ad'jibid'ji, Maiimouna, Ramatoulaye, Penda, N'Deye Touti
a presumed prostitute, becomes active in the strike
a blind market woman, sings the roles of women in history. mother or twins. she is already an independent woman as the novel opens, and she sings songs of the great women of the African past who successfully contended with and measured themselves against men. She turns her back on Samba N'Doulougou when, at long last, he acknowleges his paternity of his twins. Major events: deat of one of her twins, she turns her back on Samba, her songs, friendship with Penda, she nurses the child, Strike.
works for the railroad, a gossip, father of Maimouna's twins
a white French colonial, head of the railroad, opposes the strike
white Frech colonials, opposed to Africans taking control
an old retired African, lives on the railroad grounds
lone of the leaders of the strike
another of the strike leaders
a white French colonial, supports the whites
the soul of the strike, rallies African workers to support the strike
a housewife who becomes a revolutionary
is in love with N'Deye Touti, opposes the strike
a young African woman, intially opposes the strike. intially enamored of French fashions, attempting to become a black Frenchwoman. BUT she changes. She moves from the first stage of negritude, in which she cuts herself off from her African past, to the second stage, acceptance of her African roots. She begins to change when she hears the white men referring to Africans as "savages" and to her in sexist ways. And Bakayoko further contributes to her transformation, when he tells her that there are many other ways to prostitute oneself, that Penda, a supposed prostitute, was in face a better person than N'Deye Touti. Then she begins to involve herself actively in the strike. Major events: her love of Beaugosse and Bakayoko, her disdaining of the strike, overhearing of whites, her change of
the Brother or Ramatoylaye, mayor of the African town, opposes the strike
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