Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians (Athenaion Politeia)
out of the income derived from thecontributions made by the allies and from internal levies more than twenty thousand persons were maintained. For there were 6,000 judges, 1,600 bowmen,1,200 cavalry men, 500 Council-men, 500 guards of the dockyards plus 50 guardson the Acropolis, about 700 state officials at home and about 700 abroad.
Dionysios I of Syracuse
was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse, in what is now Sicily, southern Italy. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot—cruel, suspicious and vindictive.
council of 500
those who are called out together, an assembly
Dokimasia and Euthynae
name used at Athens to denote the process of ascertaining the capacity of the citizens for the exercise of public rights and duties.
the examination of accounts which every public officer underwent on the expiration of his office inClassical Greece
is a hill in central Athens, the capital of Greece. Beginning as early as 507 BC, the ancient Athenians gathered on the Pnyx to host their popular assemblies, thus making the hill one of the earliest and most important sites in the creation of democracy.