From an evolutionary standpoint, attachment is similar to which of the following
The process of initiating, inhibiting or modulating emotions, thoughts, and behavior in order to accomplish one's goals is referred to as emotional:
Mary Ainsworth's observations of families in Uganda and in the United States led her to the conclusion that information about infants' attachments to their caregivers can be obtained from observations of infants:
REACTIONS TO SEPARATIONS FROM THEIR CAREGIVERS
A social group's informal norms about the demonstration of emotion and when and where they should be suppressed or masked are referred to as:
Compared to infants who are home every day with the same caregiver, those in day care:
REACT LESS NEGATIVELY WHEN SEPARATED FROM CARGIVER
Six month old Emmy responds more positively to her mother than to other people. She smiles and laughs more often in her mother's presence than in the presence of other people. She does not exhibit separation distress, or stranger anxiety. Bowlby would consider Emmy to be in which phase?
ATTACHMENT IN THE MAKING (DOES NOT SHOW SEPARATION DISTRESS)
In the strange situation, baby Jacob plays actively with the toys in the room, occasionally looking back to check on his mother, and is mildly distressed when his mother leaves the room, but he is easily comforted by her return. Jacob falls into which attachment category?
Mothers who do not respond to their infants' attempts at physical closeness and who are emotionally unavailable are more likely than other mothers to have infants who are:
Melissa remembers her childhood as difficult. She discusses her past in a consistent and cohesive manner, but reports that although there were some happy times, her parents were not always supportive. Which of the following is true about Melissa?
SHE WOULD MORE LIKELY BE CLASSIFIED INTO THE AUTONOMOUS ADULT ATTACHMENT GROUP
The majority of middle-class infants in the United States fall into which attachment category?
Strange Situation- Olivia clings to her mother, plays with the toys, and is extremely distressed when her mother leaves the room. When mother returns she arches her back. Olivia is what?
Preschooler's ability to delay gratification has been found to be associated with which of the followed?
ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE TEN YEARS LATER, ABILITY TO DEAL WITH FRUSTRATION TEN YEARS LATER, DECREASED DRUG USE IN ADULTHOOD
An individual's mental representation of the self, of attachment figures, and of relationships in general, that is based on early experiences with caregivers is referred to as:
INTERNAL WORKING MODEL
A set of skills that help individuals achieve their goals in interpersonal interactions while maintaining positive relations with others is referred to as:
Attachment theorists believe that which of the following is the most important contributor to the development of a secure attachment?
PARENTAL SENSITIVITY AND RESPONSIVENESS
Insecure/resistant infants are also referred to as:
Children who were securely attached as infants and those who were insecurely attached as infants are most likely to differ in their peer relationships because of differences in:
INTERNAL WORKING MODELS
ENDURING EMOTIONAL BONDS FORMED BY CHILDREN TO THEIR PRIMARY CAREGIVERS
Lia is less emotionally competent than other children her age, a problem that causes her much difficulty with her peers. Which of the following is NOT a probable cause of Lia's poor emotional competence?
LIA'S PARENTS COMMONLY TALK TO HER ABOUT EMOTIONS
Bowlby's attachment theory was heavily influence by:
NEGLECTED ORPHANS DETACHED AND UNUSUAL BEHAVIOR, ANTHROPOLOGISTS STUDY OF PARENTING BEHAVIOR IN VARIOUS CULTURES, ETHOLOGIST'S STUDY OF PARENTING BEHAVIOR IN OTHER PRIMATES
Compared to children who were insecurely attached as infants, child who were securely attached as infants demonstrate:
LESS AGGRESSION, BETTER ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND TO OTHER EMOTIONS
Object relations theory concerns infants'
REPRESENTATIONS OF IMPORTANT PEOPLE, PARTICULARLY THE MOTHER, AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO THE INFANT
Baby Rachel sucks her thumb and rubs the ribbons in her baby doll's hair in response to fear-provoking situations. Baby Rachel is engaging in:
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