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Texas A&M University
FINAL REVIEW 2
FINAL REVIEW 2
Texas A&M University
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Which of the following is the best description of nutrients provided by animal protein sources: ___ in fiber, ___ in sat fat and cholesterol, ___ in readily absorbed forms of iron, zinc and calcium
Low, high, high
What element is found in proteins but not in carbohydrates and fats?
What is the process that results in the hardening of an egg when exposed to heat?
What is the structure of an enzyme?
Which of the following are proteins that inactivate foreign bacteria and viruses?
What would be the usual state of nitrogen balance for healthy infants, children and pregnant women?
Which of the following illustrates a deamination reaction?
Removal of the amino group from an amino acid
What is the chief factor that governs the quality of a food protein?
Essential amino acid content
If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action?
Protein synthesis will be limited
Which of the following food proteins has the best assortment of essential amino acids for the human body?
Which of the following is not considered to be a source of high-quality protein in human nutrition?
What is the most likely explanation for the fatty liver that develops from protein deficiency?
Inability of the liver to synthesize lipoproteins for fat export
Riboflavin is most easily destroyed when exposed to
What is the term that identifies the characteristic tingling sensations and redding of the skin after ingesting a pharmacologic dose of nicotinic acid?
Which of the following is a type of neural tube defect?
Of the following foods, which would be the only source of vitamin B12?
Which of the following is a general function of vitamin C?
Which of the following symptoms is indicative of a deficiency of vitamin C?
Subcutaneous pinpoint hemorrhages
Which of the following food groups is a rich source of vitamin C?
Which of the following is a property of the fat soluble vitamins?
Deficiency symptoms may take years to develop on a poor diet
Which of the following food substances can be converted to vitamin A in the body?
In which of the following individuals would vitamin A toxicity be most likely to occur
Those taking vitamin A supplements
In what tissues must a molecule of vitamin D be chemically altered to yeild a compund that is fully active?
Liver and kidney
What is/are the main functions of Vitamin D?
Promotes calcium and phosphorus absorption and promotes calcium mobilization from bone
A goiter occurs as a result of deficiency of
Because water is an excellent solvent, the chemical reactions of metabolism that support life take place in water
Which of the following contributes most to the weight of the human body
what organ produces the major control for homeostasis of body fluids?
What is another term for hypertension?
high blood pressure
The DASH diet plan was devised to prevent
All of the following are features of potassium in nutrition except
processed foods are a major source
What is hydroxyapatite?
The calcium-rich crystalline structure of teeth and bones
A person's bone density is highest around age
Which of the following food provides iron in the most absorbable form?
Which of the following individuals would most likely need an iron supplement?
What is the name given to the ingestion of nonnutritive substances
Iron overload is also known as
Having excess body fat increases a person's risk of developing
Heart disease and gallbladder disease and arthritis
The most common eating disorder is
Binge eating disorder
What is the most satiating macronutrient?
What fraction of the day's energy expenditure of the average person is represented by the basal metabolism?
What is the major factor that determines metabolic rate?
Amount of lean body tissue
If a dancer and a typist are the same height and have the exact same body build, the dancer will be heavier because she has
more muscle mass
Which of the following is a disadvantage of using weight measures for the assessment of disease risk?
Limited amount of body composition data
What is the weight classification assigned to both young women with 30% body fat and young men with 20% body fat?
In what region of the body is the storage of excess body fat associated with highest risks for cardiovascular disease and diabetes?
Which of the following can be used to gauge the amount of a person's abdominal fat?
The ratio of a person's body weight to height is represented as his or her
body mass index
The body's total daily energy expenditure includes
basal metabolic rate, thermal effect of food, and effect of physical activity
All people gain weight when they
take in more energy than they expend
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