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Life expectancy in the early 1900s was largely determined by a person's
A) hygiene habits.
B) susceptibility to infectious disease.
C) occupation and location.
D) family history.
Eve is always upset about something, and it seems that she is never really happy. Her mental outlook is likely to adversely affect
A) mainly her social health.
B) mainly her emotional health.
C) mainly her physical health.
D) all six dimensions of her health.
The six dimensions of wellness
A) affect health independently of each other.
B) interact continuously.
C) seldom influence one another.
D) affect either the mind or the body.
One of the most important goals of Healthy People 2020 is to
A) reduce health care costs for all Americans.
B) eliminate health disparities and improve the health of all population groups.
C) increase funding for research on certain diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
D) increase the number of public health departments in every state.
Overall, the leading cause of death for Americans is
C) heart disease.
D) respiratory disease.
A mentally healthy student who gets a bad grade on an exam would respond by
A) becoming withdrawn and avoiding friends.
B) getting angry at the professor.
C) drinking for distraction and to relieve tension.
D) learning from the situation and improving study habits.
After breaking up with his girlfriend, Lucas has been unable to move on. He is afraid of rejection and doesn't think that women find him attractive. He is probably suffering from
A) low self-efficacy.
B) low self-esteem.
C) learned helplessness.D) a victim complex.
Which of the following is NOT a common sign of major depression (clinical depression)?
A) Memory lapses
B) Sleeping too much
C) Loss of motivationD) Feeling highly energetic
Which of the following is true about laughter?
A) It increases anxiety in people under stress.
B) It is characteristic of serious or studious people.
C) It has no effect on everyday experiences.
D) It reduces levels of stress hormones.
Melissa has been diagnosed with a social phobia. This means she has a fear of
A) leaving her house.
B) public events and gatherings.
C) spending time alone.
D) contracting an infection due to contact with others.
Warning signs of suicide include all of the following EXCEPT
A) a change in behavior.
B) expressions of self-hatred.
C) giving away prized possessions.
D) planning an important future event.
The mental health professional who can prescribe medications to treat mental disorders is a
A) clinical psychologist.
C) social worker.
D) school counselor.
According to Maslow's hierarchy, individuals who have satisfied their basic needs and have attained their full potential are
A) emotionally healthy.
A pop quiz in class is an example of
A) chronic stress.
B) a stressor.
C) a frustration.
David woke up in the middle of the night because he smelled smoke. This most likely caused him to experience
B) the flight-or-fight response.
C) the adaptation syndrome.
D) the resistance response.
As Joe prepares to spar with a tae kwon do opponent, his heart rate and respiration rate increase. These are indicators that which branch of the nervous system has been activated?
Hearing ominous footsteps following you late at night on a campus walking path would likely trigger which phase of the general adaptation syndrome?
Which of the following forms of stress management also improves flexibility?
B) Deep breathing
D) Progressive muscle relaxation
Which of the following characteristics of a Type A personality have been determined to be the most detrimental to health?
A) Being time-driven and perfectionistic
B) Having a hard-driving approach to tasks and life in general
C) Being highly competitive
D) Having a tendency toward anger and hostility
Exercise reduces stress by
A) suppressing endocrine function.
B) increasing endorphins and reducing levels of stress hormones.
C) providing a therapeutic way to reduce or eliminate pain.
D) expanding aerobic capacity.
You complete weekly practice tests for three months before you are scheduled to take the LSAT. Which method are you using to manage stress?
D) Stress inoculation
True or False: How we mentally and emotionally react to stress can affect the immune system.
Violence can be defined as
A) injuries caused accidentally without intent to harm, such as in a car accident.
B) a repeated implied or verbal threat against another person.
C) a premeditated crime against another person, usually involving a weapon.
D) the intentional use of physical force or power against oneself or another person or group.
Which of the following would NOT be considered a hate crime?
A) Beating up a teenager because she is Hispanic
B) Burning a church
C) Assaulting a homosexual
D) Running a red light and hitting a pedestrian
Which of the following is true about acquaintance rape?
A) It usually doesn't involve drugs or alcohol.
B) It never occurs as the result of incidental contact at a party.
C) It only occurs when the victim has known the perpetrator for a length of time.
D) It is a crime of opportunity, not necessarily a prearranged date.
Successful community strategies for preventing violence include all of the following EXCEPT
A) helping community members develop self-esteem.
B) improving community-based support and treatment for victims.
C) promoting tolerance and acceptance.
D) discouraging family planning programs.
Which of the following is true about intimate relationships?
A) They are relationships between romantic partners only.
B) They can include relationships with family, friends, and romantic partners.
C) They do not include relationships with family members.
D) They can include relationships with family and friends, but not romantic partners.
Lisa and Abby are sisters and best friends. Both feel they can share their worries and concerns with one another. This example demonstrates
A) social integration.
B) emotional detachment.
C) spiritual independence.
D) emotional distinction.
According to Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love, love involves
A) intimacy and similar interests and social status.
B) passion and sexual desire.
C) intimacy, passion, and commitment.
D) friendship, reliability, and commitment.
Menstrual flow is actually sloughed off
A) fertilized eggs.
B) endometrial lining.
C) cervical mucous.D) corpus luteum
Kissing and erotic touching are examples of
D) nonverbal sexual communication.
The onset of the first menstrual period is
C) menstruation.D) menarche.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a barrier method of birth control?
D) Oral contraceptives
) Leaving a diaphragm or tampon in for an extended period of time increases the risk for
C) HPV.D) toxic shock syndrome
A) is unlikely to cause complications.
B) contains hormones.
C) offers long-term protection from pregnancy.
D) causes a long delay in the return of fertility.
Which of the following is NOT true about male infertility?
A) Low sperm count can be caused by wearing excessively tight underwear.
B) Exposure of the scrotum to radiation can cause infertility in men.
C) Exposure of the scrotum to intense heat or cold can cause infertility in men.D) Male infertility problems account for only 10 percent of infertility cases.
A) recover slower than others from illness.
B) are more prone to allergies.
C) have a decreased incidence of illness.
D) are more likely to be obese.
Women who use oral contraceptives and also smoke are at a higher risk of
A) weight gain.
B) blood clots and hypertension.
C) pneumonia and lung cancer.
People with a physiological dependence on a substance, such as an addictive drug, will experience
A) withdrawal but not tolerance.
B) tolerance but not withdrawal.
C) neither tolerance nor withdrawal.
D) both tolerance and withdrawal.
Lisa is aware that her best friend, Kim, has a drinking problem. Lisa continually makes excuses for her and often completes Kim's homework to protect her from flunking out of school. Lisa's behavior is an example of
What is the most common reason offered by college students to explain their drug use?
A) To be more popular with peers
B) To enhance self-esteem
C) To reduce stress
D) To escape an abusive home life
Marijuana today is
A) not subject to state or federal drug laws.
B) not able to be orally ingested.
C) less of a health risk than it used to be.
D) much more potent than it was in the 1960s.
Anabolic steroids are a type of
A) hallucinogenic drug.
C) ergogenic drug.
D) testosterone-reducing drug.
The development of a tolerance to one drug that reduces the effects of another similar drug is
Binge drinking is defined for the typical adult as
A) 3 or more drinks for females or 4 or more drinks for males in about two hours.
B) 4 or more drinks for females or 5 or more drinks for males in about two hours.
C) 5 or more drinks for females or 6 or more drinks for males in about two hours.D) 5 or more drinks for both females and males in about two hours.
What is the percentage of alcohol in 100 proof whiskey?
A) 80 percent
B) 40 percent
C) 50 percent
D) 20 percent
After a night of heavy drinking, John still appears sober while his friends are obviously intoxicated. It is likely that John has developed
A) alcoholic acceptance.
B) nonalcoholic personality.
C) learned behavioral tolerance.
D) alcohol consumption tolerance.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of alcohol poisoning?
A) Inability to be roused
B) Weak, rapid pulse.
C) Yellowish tint to the skin.
D) Irregular breathing patterns.
Which statement best summarizes what happens when particulate matter condenses in the lungs?
A) It causes delirium tremens.
B) It forms nicotine.
C) It forms carbon monoxide.
D) It forms tar, a thick, brownish sludge.
Smokeless tobacco users
A) generally take longer to develop cancer after first use than smokers.
B) are 10 times more likely to develop oral cancers than nonusers.
C) are 50 times more likely to develop oral cancers than nonusers.
D) have an easier time quitting than cigarette smokers.
Which of the following is true about calories?
A) Calories are a unit of measure of the energy obtained from food.
B) Calories are one of the basic nutrient groups.
C) Restricted-calorie diets are always safe.
D) Caloric needs stay about the same during various life stages.
All the following help the body break down nutrients into smaller usable forms EXCEPT
A) muscle contractions.
B) stomach acids.
Molecules that are the building blocks of protein are
C) amino acids.
High levels of this type of cholesterol appear to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, or cholesterol-clogged arteries.
Which substances protect against oxidative stress and the resultant tissue damage at the cellular level?
A vegetarian who eats dairy products and eggs is called a
What percentage of adult Americans are overweight or obese?
A) More than 20% but less than 30%
B) More than 30% but less than 40%
C) More than 50% but less than 60%D) More than 60%
John underwent a body composition test that involved being submerged to compare his underwater weight with land weight to determine the amount body fat. This method of assessment is known as a
A) skinfold measure.
B) hydrostatic weighing.
C) bioelectrical impedance analysis.
D) Bod Pod test.
When blood levels of the hormone leptin rise,
A) appetite levels increase.
B) you feel like exercising.
C) appetite levels decrease.
D) you can consume large amounts of food without gaining weight.
Which of the following people would be most likely to notice the effects of an age-related decline in metabolic rate?
A) 25-year-old student
B) 25-year-old truck driver
C) 30-year-old computer programmer
D) 30-year-old pregnant woman
A good way to control portion sizes when you eat out is to
A) choose your meal from a buffet instead of ordering from the menu.
B) split an entrée with a friend or eat only half and take the other half home.
C) order both appetizer and entrée courses.
D) select a vegetarian meal that contains no meat or dairy.
Gastric bypass is considered a(n)
A) restrictive surgery.
B) malabsorption surgery.
C) cardiovascular surgery.
D) elimination surgery.
Allen has just eaten a large meal and pushes his plate away, unable to eat any more. He is experiencing
A) adaptive thermogenesis.
Which theory holds that our bodies fight to maintain our weight within a particular narrow range?
A) Hormone adjustment theory
B) Set point theory
C) Thrifty gene theory
D) Adaptive thermogenesis theory
Having a negative body image can lead to all of the following EXCEPT
A) an eating disorder.
B) compulsive exercise.
C) low self-esteem.
D) high self-esteem.
Which of the following is true with respect to the relationship between body image and culture?
A) Media images have little influence over what we find attractive.
B) Commercials often convey messages related to physical attractiveness.
C) The ideal body image for women has always been thin and willowy.
D) Todays ideal body image is similar to the typical American body.
One of the health problems associated with the female athlete triad is amenorrhea, which is a lack of
A) menstrual periods.
Darren was not able to exercise today due to his hectic schedule. An inappropriate compensatory behavior for Darren would be
A) to work out the next morning to make up for today's lack of exercise.
B) to restructure his schedule so that he can avoid this problem in the future.
C) to skip dinner to make up for his lack of exercise.
D) to consume extra helpings at dinner because he is hungry.
What percentage of Americans suffer from some type of cardiovascular disease?
The average healthy adult heart beats 70-80 beats per minute. A lower heart rate of 60 might indicate that
A) the individual is very fit.
B) a heart valve is malfunctioning.
C) the individual is stressed.D) the individual is exercising vigorously.
Which of the following represents the most serious type of heart arrhythmia?
D) Sinus rhythm
Which of the following is NOT a typical symptom of a stroke?
A) Sudden weakness or numbness of the face
B) Sudden dimness of vision, particularly in one eye
C) Sudden severe headacheD) Sudden jaw pain
Taking an aspirin a day is useful in treating cardiovascular disease because
A) it reduces the risk of clot formation.
B) it increases the absorption of nutrients in cardiac muscle.
C) it decreases the likelihood of hypertension.
D) headaches are a leading cause of CVD.
Which of the following statements is true with respect to the genetic risk of cancer?
A) Oncogenes are suspected cancer-causing genes.
B) Scientists think that the majority of cancer types are hereditary.
C) Breast cancer does not appear to run in families.
D) The genetic risk of developing cancer can be easily distinguished from environmental risks.
All of the following are well-documented risk factors for breast cancer EXCEPT
A) early onset of menstruation and/or late menopause.
B) consuming 3 to 4 alcoholic drinks per week.
C) not having children or having your first child after the age of 30.
D) having a family history of breast cancer.
All of the following are warning signs of melanoma EXCEPT
A) asymmetrical shape.
B) edges that are uneven or scalloped.
C) a uniform brown color.
D) a diameter larger than a pea.
The best time for a man to perform a testicular self-exam is
A) when he first wakes up in the morning.
B) before he goes to sleep at night.
C) after strenuous exercise.
D) during or after a shower.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by
A) high blood fats.
B) high blood glucose.
C) low blood pressure.
D) high blood proteins.
Microscopic organisms that are disease-causing agents are called
Greg frequently gets cold sores (caused by HSV-1). He recently noticed that his left eye had a painful lesion, Greg's eye most likely became infected with the herpes virus when he touched his mouth and shortly afterward rubbed his eye, which is transmission via
B) direct contact.
C) indirect contact.
Every time you eat something that contains yellow dye, you wheeze and get a rash. The dye must be an
All of the following are true about viruses EXCEPT
A) they are the smallest pathogens.
B) there are hundreds of viruses that cause disease.
C) they can reproduce outside of cells.D) drug treatment is limited
After a relaxing week of backpacking and camping in the woods, during which you enjoyed drinking cool water from a creek. Since you got back, you are experiencing abdominal cramps that won't go away. This condition is probably something you picked up during your camping trip. You likely have
Barry just found out his HIV test is positive. Which of the following statements is true?
A) Barry's positive HIV test means that he has AIDS.
B) Looking back, Barry knows exactly when he got infected with HIV because the initial symptoms are markedly different than other STIs.
C) Barry should seek treatment as soon as possible to slow progression of the disease.
D) Barry's wife does not need to worry about getting infected since she is a heterosexual female.
Successful aging involves all of the following EXCEPT
A) avoiding debilitating diseases and disability by eating a healthy diet, exercising, and not smoking.
B) maintaining cognitive function and engaging in mentally challenging tasks.
C) refusing to accept physical, emotional, and social changes associated with growing older.D) participating in meaningful activities, including social, family, and volunteer activities.
Osteoporosis would most likely result in
A) a wrist fracture as the result of a fall.
B) arthritis in the lower back and knees.
C) redistribution of body fat in the trunk region.
D) a high bone density.
Which of the following statements about Alzheimer's disease is NOT true?
A) Nerve cells in the brain stop communicating with each other.
B) If caught early, its progression can be stopped.
C) It is a disease in which brain cells die.
D) It affects personality as well as memory.
Monica was president of the local chapter of Future Business Leaders of America during her senior year. After Monica was diagnosed with an aggressive form of lymphoma, her classmates stopped talking about their career plans in front of her. Monica was experiencing
C) social death.
Which of the following is major concern in regard to overpopulation?
A) Negative impact on global ecosystems and food supply
B) Increasing levels of prosperity in developed nations
C) More alternative fuels becoming available
D) Animal populations increasing
When couples choose to have no more than two children, this will result in
A) reproductive restriction.
B) zero population growth.
C) limited procreation.
D) negative population growth.
Chemicals used to kill insects and rodents are
Which naturally occurring odorless, colorless gas seeps into homes and is the second-leading cause of lung cancer?
The primary difference between a board certified and board eligible physician is
A) certified physician has demonstrated competency in their area.
B) eligible physician practices alternative medicine.
C) eligible physician has failed the board exam and only has one additional chance to take the exam and pass it.
D) certified physician is associated with an accredited health care facility.
Which of the following symptoms probably does not warrant professional medical advice?
A) You notice that your lips are bluish in color.
B) You get a tingling sensation in your arm and your speech is slurred.
C) You develop a low grade fever and sore throat.
D) Your throat is swelling after taking a new medication.
You have a history of back problems and found out that your new health insurance plan will not cover any treatment related to your back problems until the policy has been in effect for 12 months. Your back problem is considered a(n)
A) prior diagnosis.
B) preexisting condition.
C) lifestyle risk.
D) untreatable condition.
Before receiving any care, patients must be made aware of the treatment plan and any potential risks involved. This is known as the right
A) of informed consent.
B) to receive care.
C) to privacy.D) to access medical records.
Traditional Chinese medicine is an example of
A) energy medicine.
B) an alternative medical system.
C) mind-body medicine.
D) a manipulative practice.
Chiropractic medicine is based on the idea that
A) health is defined as having the proper balance of vital energy or life force.
B) soft-tissue manipulation can be used for a wide variety of healing purposes.
C) equal emphasis on body, mind, and spirit is essential to restore harmony.
D) energy flows through the spine via nerves and if the spine is not properly aligned, the energy is disrupted.
All of the following are true of herbal remedies EXCEPT
A) they cannot harm humans because they are in a natural plant form.
B) they are not regulated by the FDA in the same manner as other medications.
C) the active ingredients have not been standardized.
D) they can interact with other medications and foods in a way that could be dangerous.
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