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Communication Accommodation Theory was originally posited as
The process of adapting behavior to be more similar to the other person is referred to as
Convergence might be accomplished through
While convergence is moving closer to the other communication, ________________ is strategically separating one’s self from the other.
According to Giles, the main motivation to converge is
When a communicator’s group identities are judged as different from the other person and seen as salient, which response is likely to occur?
Which of the following factors is likely to contribute to the impression of an encounter as being an intergroup experience?
What theory does Giles rely on to help explain the process of interpreting another’s behavior?
Overall, listeners who interpret convergence as a speaker’s desire to break down cultural barriers react
Which of the following criteria for a good theory is most problematic for CAT?
The concept of face refers to
A classic example of a collectivistic culture is
Which of the following is true of face-restoration?
Face-giving is a facework strategy that privileges
The strategy of enlisting third-party help in resolving a conflict
When handling conflict, individuals who are more concerned with the face of others than their own usually choose
The response that is not typical of individuals from collectivistic cultures is
Ting-Toomey maintains that the conventional focus on obliging, compromising, dominating, and integrating
Self-construal refers to
The degree to which people conceive of themselves as relatively autonomous from, or connected to, others.
A criticism of new research by Ting-Toomey and John Oetzel involves
Tannen believes that, more than anything else, women seek
Tannen believes that, more than anything else, men seek
Tannen maintains that men use talk
Women listening to a story or explanation tend to
Women’s behavior when interrupting another person to add a word of agreement or show support is called
Women typically ask questions to
According to Tannen, the first step in overcoming destructive responses and miscommunication between men and women is to
The “aha factor” refers to
Julia Wood and Christopher Inman observe that
Tannen’s work on genderlects styles has been criticized because
Kramarae found that the most notable characteristic of women in cartoons was their
Kramarae begins with the basic assumption that women perceive the world differently from men because of women’s and men’s different
The diaries, journals, letters, oral histories, and other forms of discourse that women use to discuss their experiences are labeled
The ultimate goal of muted group theory is to
In the Feminist Dictionary, the term for the human story as told by women about women is
Perhaps more than any other single entry in the Feminist Dictionary, this phrase illustrates a major achievement in feminist communication scholarship.
Karmarae believes men have difficulty understanding women’s communication because
of biological reasons
They haven’t made the effort to find out about it.
Karamae believes that the Internet has potential for women because
Kramarae discovered that compared with the simple, forceful statements voiced by cartoon males, the language assigned to female characters was
Muted group theory has been criticized because it
Which of the following was NOT addressed as a motivation which drives us to act or think in a particular way?
Which of the following theorists suggested that our concept of self is formed through social interaction?
What was Griffin’s “cause to pause” regarding credibility?
Which of the following theorists would be most appropriately identified as a social constructionist?
“Humans act toward others on the basis of meanings that they assign to those people” summarizes which of the following theories?
Which of the following statements is a succinct summary of Fisher’s narrative paradigm?
People are essentially storytellers who respond favorably to stories that ring true and with which we can identify.
Griffin points out that open discussion of conflict
T/F: We-identity is to Americans as I-identity is to the Japanese.
T/F: Face is an Asian concept that is not particularly important to Westerners.
T/F: In a conflict, people from collectivistic cultures are generally more likely to focus on face-restoration than face-giving.
T/F: Facework refers to efforts to expose the true feelings and hidden agendas of one’s counterpart in negotiation.
T/F: Students from collectivistic cultures tend to favor other-face concern.
T/F: For Asians, integration means achieving peace with one another.
T/F: Third-party mediators in large power distance cultures are usually people who are honored and respected by both parties in the dispute.
T/F: Members of individualistic cultures tend to rely on the conflict resolution technique of dominating.
T/F: Oetzel and Ting-Toomey claim that ethnic/cultural background is a better predictor of conflict styles than self-construal.
T/F: Tannen claims that conversations between men and women reflect men’s conscious efforts to dominate women.
T/F: Tannen believes that male-female conversation is inherently cross-cultural communication.
T/F: Tannen found that although two girls could sit comfortably face-to-face and carry on a serious conversation about people they knew, when two boys were asked to do the same, they were restless, never looked at each other, and could not complete the task.
T/F: Tannen believes that, despite popular mythology, both men and women are primarily interested in human connection.
T/F: Whereas women value report talk, men emphasize rapport talk.
T/F: Tannen’s research indicates that—despite the prevailing mythology—women talk less than men do in private conversations.
T/F: Women tell more stories and jokes than do men.
T/F: Tannen maintains that men usually are more comfortable with conflict.
T/F: According to Tannen, when women share problems with men they are looking for understanding, not advice.
T/F: Tag questions serve to soften the sting of potential disagreements that might drive people apart.
T/F: Although Kramarae and Tannen disagree on many issues, they both believe that men’s dominance must be exposed for what it really is.
T/F: Kramarae is certain that the language of a particular culture does not serve all of its members equally well.
T/F: Kramarae believes that there is great potential for women in cyberspace.
T/F: The idea of women as a muted group was first proposed by Kramarae and met with a very negative response from the male-dominated intellectual circles.
T/F: Because of their political majority (women comprise over 51% of voters), women are not truly a muted group.
T/F: Females are unlikely to find ways of expressing themselves outside the dominant public modes of expression, thus increasing the mutedness of the gender.
T/F: The battle over sexual harassment is as much a struggle over language as it is over sexual conduct.
T/F: Kramarae acknowledges that men accept women’s statements about the problems of being heard in a male-dominated society, but argues that they do not allow those statements to be aired.
T/F: Man-made language aids in defining, depreciating, and excluding women.
T/F: Kramarae argues that the prevalent private-public distinction in language is a convenient way of downplaying gender differences and posing similar sexual spheres of activity.
T/F: Each thread of communication presents unified ideas with which each theory/theorist is in agreement with each other.
T/F: Gerber suggests that people’s perceptions are shaped by their media consumption.
T/F: For Deetz, corporate control of communication enhances the experience of employees and all other stakeholders.
T/F: From a motivational perspective, people have a considerable amount of free will to determine their communication behavior.
T/F: Face-negotiation and communication accommodation theory both address self-image concerns.
T/F: According to Aristotle, a speaker’s credibility increases the likelihood of a persuasive message affecting the audience in the desired direction.
T/F: ELM is optimistic that credibility facilitates long-term persuasive effects.
T/F: For Berger, expectation of future interaction decreases our drive to reduce uncertainty.
T/F: Marshall McLuhan advocated that message content was the agent of change.
T/F: Hall sees corporate control of communication in the way mass media portrays conflicts.
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