1st hand accounts of the travels of Magellan (1521) and their time spent in SEA writing about the way they converted people of the region. in 1491-1534.
Fell to Portugal in 1511
Provided vital trade base for Portuguese on straits of Malacca
Catholic influence from Portuguese
neighboring Islam tried to push off Portuguese influence
Conceded Malacca to Dutch in 1641
Dutch term for female slave used interchangeably with the word hoor (whore)
Religious objects that were the symbols of animism a pre-colonial belief system in SEA in the Philippines. Represented spirits of nature and deceased ancestors and were used for guidance. They were later desecrated by the people who became influenced by the Catholic religion
Alexander of Rhodes
Claimed 39,000 converts in the southern (Nguyen) state of Vietnam and 82,000 in Tonkin
Stones that showed the extent of Srivijaya's authority
in the shape of male and female sex organs
The stones were used for oath taking rituals that consited of having 'holy' water poured over them.
Phallus symbol usually identified with Shiva
Previously subservient to their female counterparts
Assumed the prestigious Animist religious roles when women were pushed out of power in the 18th & 19th century due to Catholicism
Center of the cosmos
Considered to be the center of the universe in the Hindu/Buddhist faiths.
Two Vietnamese women who successfully led a rebellion against the Chinese Han-Dynasty in AD 40
Importance: Led the first resistance movement against the Chinese rule in Vietnam
Second Emperor of the Tai Son dynasty in Vietnam during 1788-92. Him and his brothers were the leaders of the Tai Son rebellion and united Vietnam, overthrew the Le Dynasty and the two rival houses of Nguyen (south) and Trihn (north)
Buddhist monk who traveled to India between 400-412CE to acquire Buddhists scriptures. He wrote his travels in a book that is used as primary source that describes ancient South East Asia
16th C. idea that allowed for the women of South East Asia to engage in a term-related marriage. Largely used by the Europeans that frequented SEA, it allowed for women to become part of European trade as well as vice versa.
Islamic religious law according to the Prophet Muhammad in the Sunnah. Became a large influence in SEA starting in the 12th C. with maritime trade.
Spice Islands in Indonesia that produced nutmeg, cloves and mace amongst other desired items in the maritime trade of SEA. Conquered by the Portuguese in the 16th C. and converted the inhabitance to Christianity. Area of interest because it was the center of the Islamic vs Christianity competition in SEA.
Revolution of 1688
Major uprising of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (modern Thailand) which overthrew the the pro-foreign king of Siam. It allowed for Ayutthaya to become the only kingdom in SEA not to be subject to foreign rule.
1428-1788 Was the dominant dynasty in Vietnam for close to 300 years. It significant because it showed a time of stability in Vietnam in which it was united and strong and not under Chinese domination.
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