Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
The idealistic president who set out to raise the moral tone of American foreign policy by denouncing dollar diplomacy was
A) William Howard Taft.
B) Theodore Roosevelt.
C) Woodrow Wilson.
D) William McKinley.
C) Woodrow Wilson.
At the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, the Allied Powers included
A) Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Turkey, and Germany.
B) Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Germany.
C) the United States, Great Britain, and France.
D) Great Britain, France, and Russia.
In wooing the progressives in the election of 1916, Wilson
A) reversed himself and put into effect almost every important plank of the 1912 Progressive platform.
B) chose Theodore Roosevelt as his running mate.
C) appointed well-known progressive Felix Frankfurter to the Supreme Court.
D) continued to oppose “class legislation” which favored “special interests.”
When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view, the country was
A) lacking both a standing army and navy.
B) poorly prepared.
C) extremely well prepared.
D) lacking an adequate navy, although the army was first-rate and well-equipped.
The alliance between leaders in the military and in business, the foundation of which was laid by President Wilson during World War I, is known as the
A) Iron Triangle.
B) military requirement.
C) industrial-military complex.
D) mobilization effort.
During the Great War, the federal government asked citizens to
A) continue vigorous consumer spending.
B) invest in the stock market.
C) increase domestic food consumption.
D) buy “Victory” and “Liberty” bonds.
The Great War triggered a major movement of
A) farmers to urban centers.
B) urbanites to rural communities.
C) southern blacks to northern cities.
D) European immigrants to the United States.
When President Wilson left the United States to attend the peace conference in Paris he
A) garnered respect from the Republicans in Congress.
B) was the first U.S. president to leave American territory.
C) assured American involvement in and acceptance of the League of Nations.
D) had to take great precautions because of the Spanish flu epidemic.
When it appeared as if the Versailles Treaty, without reservations, would not be approved by the necessary two-thirds of the Senate, Wilson
A) compromised with the “mild” reservationists.
B) used all his political influence on fellow Democrats.
C) attempted to rally support for the treaty by a nationwide speaking tour.
D) lost all interest in the treaty.
Due in large part to the _______, the U.S. Congress, after great debate, voted down the Treaty of Versailles.
A) War Aims and Peace Proposals
B) Irreconcilables Pledge
C) Fourteen Points
D) Lodge Reservations
Strikes in the steel industry in 1919 were one of the background causes of the red scare.
During the 1920s, how were immigrants from southern and eastern Europe affected by the new quota system of immigration?
A) They continued to immigrate at the same rate as from 1900 to 1914.
B) They found it much more difficult to immigrate.
C) They found it much easier to immigrate.
D) There was a larger quota for them than they could use.
Those considered “social feminists” in the 1920s
A) were entirely focused on passing the Equal Rights Amendment.
B) sought protective legislation for working women.
C) were led by Alice Paul.
D) fought doggedly for the liberalization of birth control.
The 1920s saw immense changes in popular culture because of the two new technologies of
A) telephones and telegraphs.
B) phonographs and televisions.
C) motion pictures and radios.
D) microphones and typewriters.
The Sac and Fox Indian who was probably the greatest all-around athlete of the twentieth century was
A) Jack Dempsey.
B) “Red” Grange.
C) “Big Bill” Tilden.
D) Jim Thorpe.
Urban-rural tensions of the twenties produced a resurgence of
A) nostalgia for Old World values.
B) religious fundamentalism.
C) agrarian radicalism.
D) urban progressivism.
The infamous gangster who grabbed wealth and power in Chicago during prohibition was
A) “Machine Gun” Kelly.
B) Al Capone.
C) “Pretty Boy” Floyd.
D) Clyde Barrow.
The symbol of the “lost generation” and the author of The Great Gatsby was
A) Ezra Pound.
B) Carl Sandburg.
C) F. Scott Fitzgerald.
D) Ernest Hemingway.
The most important cause of prosperity during the “new era” was the
A) continued federal regulation of the economy.
B) improved efficiency among American manufacturers.
C) almost complete federal deregulation of the economy.
D) program of federal subsidies for basic research.
The individual most responsible for the growth of the automobile industry was
A) Frank Stearns.
B) Ramson E. Olds.
C) Henry Ford.
D) Rudolph Diesel.
It would be accurate to say that Henry Ford
A) realized mass production could make a car cheap enough for the average consumer.
B) was one of America’s greatest inventors.
C) campaigned against ignorance and anti-Semitism.
D) was highly popular with most Americans because of his sophistication and devotion to art.
“Re-viewing the Past: Chicago,” notes that Chicago’s tale of illicit sex and “all that jazz” grossly exaggerated the 1920s fascination with “lady murderesses” and the negative impact of city life.
During the 1920s the National Woman’s party and the social feminists united to push protective legislation for women and children through Congress.
The prosperity of the “new era” of the 1920s was encouraged by the strongly pro-business attitude of the federal government.
His admirers regarded Andrew Mellon as the greatest secretary of the treasury since Alexander Hamilton because he
A) proposed reducing the income tax on high incomes and abolishing the inheritance tax.
B) opposed lower tax rates for incomes under $66,000.
C) supported the farm bloc.
D) continued low tariffs on industrial products.
Charles R. Forbes, a Harding appointee, stole millions of dollars from the
A) Department of the Interior.
B) Library of Congress.
C) Veterans Bureau.
D) Department of the Treasury.
The Five-Power Treaty signed by the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy in 1922 committed them to
A) respecting one another’s interest in the Pacific islands.
B) limiting their armed forces to a fixed ratio.
C) respecting one another’s interest in the Indian Ocean.
D) limiting their battleships to a fixed ratio.
The Republican elected president in 1928, the “intellectual leader, almost the philosopher, of the New Era,” was
A) Herbert Hoover.
B) Calvin Coolidge.
C) Warren G. Harding.
D) William H. Taft.
During the twenties, large manufacturers
A) continued to be attacked and broken up by the trust-busting presidents.
B) did their best to bankrupt and destroy their competitors.
C) used their monopolistic power to gain the maximum profit in the short run.
D) often sought market stability through trade associations.
The primary economic weakness undermining the prosperity of the 1920s was the
A) extensive fragmentation in the financial markets.
B) maldistribution of resources.
C) excessive government regulation.
D) increasing industrial consolidation.
The economic problems causing the Great Depression came to a head mainly because of the
A) anti-business attitudes in Congress.
B) overconsumption of consumer goods.
C) easy credit policies of the Federal Reserve Board.
D) production shortages in basic consumer goods.
Herbert Hoover’s response to the Great Depression was inadequate because it was
A) too innovative and experimental.
B) based on laissez-faire economics.
C) a rejection of basic American values.
D) too rigid and uncompromising.
What was the effect of the federal government’s attempt to balance the budget during the Depression?
A) It set a good example for the populace on how to live within one’s means.
B) It increased federal revenue but not enough to ease suffering.
C) It made the Depression worse and put the federal government further into debt.
D) It increased consumer confidence and brought about the beginning of recovery.
President Franklin Roosevelt called his plan of reform and recovery the
A) Square Deal.
B) New Deal.
C) New Nationalism.
D) New Era.
In the 1920s, Congress condemned the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace as a communist-influenced organization and forced it to suspend its activities.
During the 1920s, the federal government continued to actively oppose the movement toward industrial and corporate consolidation.
The “Hundred Days” refers to the enormous amount of legislation enacted during the
A) last three months of FDR’s first administration.
B) first three months of FDR’s first administration.
C) interim between FDR’s election and his inauguration.
D) first three months of FDR’s second administration.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was intended primarily to
A) assist large manufacturers in their recycling efforts.
B) aid western states in restoring land ruined by over-grazing.
C) create soil conservation and reforestation jobs for unemployed young men.
D) help farmers preserve land from erosion.
The New Deal program that provided billions of dollars for roads, stadiums, actors, writers, and artists was the ________ Administration.
A) Federal Emergency Relief
B) National Recovery
C) Manpower Training
D) Works Progress
The “Second” New Deal measure giving workers the right to bargain collectively and prohibiting employers from interfering with union organization activities in their factories was the ________ Act.
A) National Industrial Recovery
B) National Labor Relations or Wagner
D) Works Progress Administration
As the 1938 elections approached, Roosevelt sought to “purge”
A) liberal members of the Democratic party.
B) a number of conservative Democratic senators.
C) Democrats who supported Congressman William Lemke for President in 1936.
D) Cabinet members who leaked classified information to the newspapers.
During FDR’s first term, 1933–1937, the hallmark of American foreign policy was
A) neutrality and isolationism.
B) dollar diplomacy.
C) stopping the spread of fascism.
D) confronting the Soviet Union.
The invasion of which African country is demonstrative of the expansionist aims of Italy during the 1930s?
In 1939, Britain and France declared war after Germany invaded
At the end of November, 1941, the United States was
A) still unwilling to aid England.
B) fighting an undeclared naval war with Japan.
C) virtually unprepared for the possibility of war.
D) fighting an undeclared naval war with Germany.
One of FDR’s major accomplishments was eliminating battles for influence in the government among special interest groups.
A state-federal system of unemployment insurance was one provision of the Social Security Act.
FDR’s policy toward the 1933 London World Economic Conference indicated that he placed the revival of the American economy ahead of general world recovery.
In conferences with the Japanese ambassador in the spring of 1941, Secretary of State Cordell Hull
A) attempted to satisfy Japanese demands for raw materials.
B) threatened Japan with war unless it withdrew from the Philippines.
C) insisted that Japan withdraw from China and pledge no further aggression.
D) demonstrated his sophisticated appreciation of the military and political situation in East Asia.
How did the war effort between 1941 and 1945 affect the U.S. standard of living?
A) It lowered the standard of living for women workers.
B) It had almost no adverse effect on the average person's standard of living.
C) It greatly improved the average person's standard of living.D) It lowered the standard of living for industrial workers.
During World War II, American families experienced
A) decreasing marriage and birth rates.
B) increasing marriage rates, but decreasing birth rates.
C) decreasing marriage rates, but increasing birth rates.
D) increasing marriage and birth rates.
“The very fact that no sabotage has taken place to date is a disturbing and confirming indication that such an act will be taken.” So said General John L. Dewitt justifying
A) American entry into the war.
B) increased patrols in German American neighborhoods.
C) the requirement that all citizens of Japanese or German descent carry identification cards.
D) the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans.
In November 1942, Allied forces made their first attack on Nazi-controlled territory by landing in
D) French North Africa.
On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies invaded
C) North Africa.
The technological development which revolutionized naval warfare in World War II was the
C) shortwave radio.
D) anti-aircraft gun.
The brilliant and egocentric commander of American land forces in the Pacific was
A) Chester Nimitz.
B) George S. Patton.
C) Bernard Montgomery.
D) Douglas MacArthur.
One of the major limitations of the United Nations Security Council was that
A) only great powers could be members.
B) neither the English nor the French were initially members.
C) all of its actions had to be approved by the General Assembly.
D) any great power could block UN action.
At the ________ Conference, Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to Soviet annexation of large sections of eastern Poland.
Keynesian economists were proven false when government spending during World War II sparked economic growth.
Winston Churchill insisted that the first priority for American and British strategy should be easing the pressure on the Soviet Union.
Although many strategists thought it should be bypassed, General MacArthur believed that the American army should retake the Philippines on its way to Japan.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!