Refers to the leaders of the three major countries involved in WWII
Allies: Joseph Stalin (Soviet)), Franklin D Roosevelt (US), and Winston Churchil (Britain)
Axis: Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), and Emperor Hirohito (Japan)
February 1945 4th to 11th
Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned:
progression of war
planning for two front attack on Japan
Americans wanted Soviet help in the Pacific and to reduce communism in Eastern Europe
Yalta Conference Cont.
Conservative critics later charged that the Allies gave away eastern Europe
Truman attended the American-British-Soviet conference to debate the future of Germany.
Endorsed the expulsion of ethnic Germans and moved the borders of Poland 100 miles west into German territory.
Truman wanted to dominate the occupation of Japan and democratize the Japanese political system.
The Postdam Declaration on July 26 summarized US policy and gave Japan the chance for surrender. The declaration failed to give Emperor Hirohito the guarantee he wouldnt be charged as a war criminal, so Japan used extreme caution. The US saw this as rejection
Location of the first successful atomic bomb detonation
Trinity Test, July 16th, 1945
Truman used the atomic bomb to end the Pacific war quickly and spare US lives. He dropped the first bomb on Hiroshima on August 6th and the second bomb on Nagasaki on August 9th. The bombings led to Japan's surrender