Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
In geographic terms, Africa
contains 20 percent of the world's land surface
The Namib and the Kalahari are
two deserts in southern Africa
The Sahara desert
takes its name from the Arabic word for "tan."
What climate zone of Africa is best suited to grain agriculture?
Most of Africa's climate can best be described as
Some areas of Africa are best suited to growing root crops, such as yams, which are rich in what major nutritional value
A surviving term that comes from the ancient Greek word that means "people with burnt faces" is
The term "Bantu" refers to
a linguistic classification of African peoples who lived south of the Congo River
What crop was a major contributor to the rise in population of central Africa around 1000 C.E.?
What animal made the trans-Saharan trade viable?
The Tuareg were Berbers who made their living by
capturing slaves in sub-Saharan Africa
After gold, what was the most import trade commodity to come out of West Africa?
In Africa, slavery
had little or no association with race
In comparison with European urban centers of the ninth and eleventh centuries, the African centers of Jenne, Gao, Timbuktu, and Koumbi-Saleh were
Political authority in the Ethiopian kingdom was based on
The term "ghana" means
Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca in 1314–1315 led to the Mediterranean world
discovering the wealth of Mali
Under Mansa Musa, the city of Timbuktu
developed into a thriving commercial and intellectual center
The introduction of Christianity into Ethiopia is traditionally ascribed to
Ethiopia was the first black African society that
can be studied from written records
Greco-Roman ships traveling down from the east coast of Africa brought
Great Zimbabwe was the
capital of a vast empire in southern Africa
The decline of Great Zimbabwe in the fifteenth century was likely the result of
the land becoming agriculturally unproductive
Of all the regions of the Americas, the humans who settled in the Andes and southwestern North America are the easiest to study because
only there did cities develop and leave artifacts
"America" got its name because
mapmakers wrongly believed Amerigo Vespucci saw the New World before Columbus
Who was the first person to refer to the native people of the Americas as “Indians”?
The natives that Columbus first encountered in the Americas called themselves
DNA evidence indicates that humans came to the Americas from
Maize, the most important American food crop, was first grown in
Today, biologists see a connection between the grass called teosinte and the food crop
In a milpa field, beans are grown to restore what nutrient to the soil?
In the high altitude of the Andes, what was the central food crop?
All agriculture in the Americas was plowed by
After the Olmecs, subsequent Mesoamerican peoples adapted a ball game, which uses a mixture of sport and
Around 900 B.C.E. the center of early Olmec culture was likely destroyed by
invaders from the north
The largest Mayan religious and ceremonial center was
Unity in the Mayan world was developed by a common language and
The term "stele" refers to
a stone-slab monument
Few Mayan texts have survived as most of the books were destroyed by
The Maya Popul Vuh contains
a creation story of good and evil, and the purpose of life
Teotihuacán included the world's third largest
The Aztecs originally spoke
The god Huitzilopochtli symbolized
The god Huitzilopochtli symbolized
Most victims of the Mexica human sacrifice were
To keep the sun moving and preserve life, the Aztecs believed that they had to
sacrifice human beings
The purpose of the flowery wars in Mexica society was to capture
warriors to sacrifice
At age six, Aztec boys entered a school that taught them
When a female Aztec child is born, her hands are symbolically closed around miniature weaving instruments and a
Originally the term "Inca" referred only to
Inca rulers sought to prevent rebellion by
deporting conquered peoples to new areas
The Inca king Atahualpa encountered the initial Spaniards entering the kingdom led by
The Inca ayllu was
the basic unit of Inca society
The Spaniards referred to the Inca nobility as
Central Asia is dominated by
Nomadic societies of the steppes survived by
Central Asian nomads' trade goods included
Nomads of the steppes were particularly skilled at
Political organization among nomadic herding peoples was generally based on
The yurt was
the tent in which Mongol families lived
Yurts were made of wood frames and
Why were Yurts round in shape?
To better withstand the wind on the grasslands
What was the most common item in the Mongol diet?
Mongols drank a fermented milk drink taken from
Mongol women were
expert horseback riders
Mongol children learned to ride on
What impressed Temujin when he fought against others?
How did Chinggis treat cities that surrendered to his army?
He negotiated with local elites to make them allies
At the death of Chinggis Khan, his empire
was divided into four parts among his descendants
Khubilai was Chinggis's
The decisive factor in the Japanese success in repulsing Mongol invasions was the
two fierce storms that destroyed the Mongol fleets
Mongols were aided in their conquest of Syria by exploiting the unrest of what part of Syria's population?
The Mongols' own purpose in pursuing conquest was
to seize loot in the form of land, riches, and people
As rulers, the Mongols
improved their own capital by importing skilled workers from conquered regions
Marco Polo's travels
helped convince Europeans that Asia was a land of riches
The Black Death that struck Europe and the Middle East in the mid-fourteenth century probably came from
Of all the religions the Mongols encountered, which expanded the most under their Empire?
The Gupta empire in India
had a notable interest in the arts
“Arabic” numerals were invented in
Muslim Turkic rulers generally treated Hindus as
“protected people” like the Christians and Jews
One of the last places reached by Polynesian settlers was
Communication and contact between Easter Island and South America is proven by the presence of what on Easter Island?
Chinese historians in the past generally viewed Chinese history as
repeated cycles of dynastic birth, vigor, and decline.
The population growth experienced by China between 800 and 1100 was encouraged by
the expansion of rice cultivation in central and southern China
Writing in the thirteenth century, Marco Polo was impressed by the
boat traffic on the Yangzi River.
The world's first paper money was developed in China
as a way to avoid carrying heavy bags of coins
The Song improved the compass by
floating the needle in water
What crop increased the size of China's population during the Song?
How did the Song prevent the Khitans from invading?
Paying them tribute to prevent attacks
The biggest military disadvantage faced by the Song was
a lack of horses and soldiers trained as horsemen
Production of silk required the labor of
After marriage, the young couple usually
Women were most secure in their community when they
gave birth to a son
The practice of footbinding
was passed down from mother to daughter
Fujiwara dominance of the Japanese government represented
the privatization of political power and a reversion to clan politics
Japanese phonetic script
fostered the spread of literacy
The samurai were
skilled warriors in Japan
The first Kamakura shogun was
What is seppuku
Ritual suicide by Samurai
For the samurai, the term "Bushido" referred to
a code of conduct by which they were to live their lives
Zen teachings held that enlightenment could be achieved
through sudden insight into one's own true nature
The most popular form of Buddhism among the samurai was
The term "Middle Ages"
describes a period historians consider to be barbaric
What happened to Charlemagne's empire after his death?
It was divided and weakened by internal power struggles
How far west did the Vikings make a permanent settlement?
One of the disadvantages the Carolingians had when faced with Viking attacks was
the lack of a navy to fight Viking ships
Why did the marauding Magyars come to be known as Hungarians?
They were believed to be returning Huns
In the ninth century, Muslims conquered what part of western Europe?
One of the new crops introduced to the Muslim parts of western Europe after the ninth century was
Oath-swearing ceremonies such as “homage and featly” tied nobles to
A fief was
land exchanged between a lord and a knight
When a lord offered a vassal a fief in exchange for loyalty and aid, who owned the fief?
Feudalism was based on the exchange of
The victor at the Battle of Hastings was
William of Normandy
What was the Domesday Book?
A survey of William's new English lands
The Magna Carta, the cornerstone of modern English law, was created out of the failures of
The primary principle of the Magna Carta is that
all Englishmen, including the king, must obey the law
What is simony?
Selling of church offices
By the eleventh century, popes began to see what as the biggest threat to the moral leadership of the church?
Control over the church by secular leaders?
The most powerful position a woman could hold in medieval society was
Although the term “Crusade” is not medieval in origin, the best medieval meaning of it is
taking the cross to spread the faith
In 1095 the Pope who called for a Christian holy war against the infidels was
The main reason for the success of the First Crusade was the Crusaders'
religious zeal and enthusiasm
Among the many weaknesses of the First Crusaders' army was their lack of
During the Fourth Crusade, the Crusaders sacked
During the Middle Ages, peasants were
increasingly excluded from the feudalist system
The peasant diet consisted mostly of vegetables and
a code of conduct
In medieval towns, human and animal waste generally went into
The growth of the University of Bologna coincided with a revival of interest in
Saint Thomas Aquinas's most famous work is his
were influenced by Muslim culture
What is the purpose of the flying buttresses on Gothic cathedrals?
They held the walls of the church to the roof
A cathedral was officially the seat of whom?
The Black Death was initially spread out of Asia by merchants and
The Hundred Years' War pitted
Humanist and Renaissance ideas of the fifteenth and sixteenth century were spread by the new technology of
The most important factor in the emergence of the Italian Renaissance was the
rise of wealthy, urban patrons of the arts
The Renaissance began first in what northern Italian city?
One of the root sources of Florentine prosperity was
Florentine merchants' control of papal taxes
Petrarch and other humanist poets and writers sought to reconnect with the culture and texts of the
According to humanists, the goal of all education was to
make more women literate?
In regard to the education of women, Italian humanists
thought the proper sphere for women was private and domestic
One of the main goals of Christian humanism was to reform
the Catholic Church
Rich individuals sponsored artists and works of art
to glorify themselves and their families
Printing presses of the fifteenth century were aided by the availability of what material?
During the Renaissance, in the field of art
portrait paintings became more realistic in style
Most Renaissance artists trained
in workshops with older artists
As a result of the Renaissance
the gulf between the learned minority and uneducated majority increased
Renaissance writers who defended women's nature and abilities were anticipating a modern theory that gender is
Luther's understanding of Christianity as relying only on faith, grace, and scripture, was influenced by his
According to Luther, salvation
comes by faith alone
Martin Luther wrote his letter entitled “Ninety-five Theses on the Power of Indulgences” to Archbishop Albert in response to
a campaign to sell indulgences
Following Luther's reforms, what would make a region become Protestant?
For Luther, "freedom" meant
independence from Roman Catholic authority
One of the new roles for women in the Protestant world was to represent
the superiority of marriage over celibacy
In general, divorce in the early Protestant world was
The Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre
resulted in the deaths of thousands and turned into a long civil war
The Edict of Nantes
granted the Huguenots the right to public worship in 150 towns
One cause of the Low Countries' rebellion against the Habsburg dynasty was
the spread of Calvinism and Philip II's inheritance of the Low Countries
The last official execution for witchcraft in Europe occurred in the Holy Roman Empire in
Even before the discoveries of Columbus, Europeans participated in the world economy through what merchants?
In the fifteenth century, the largest commercial center of the Indian Ocean was
Who had the most advanced economy in the world before the eighteenth century?
How far west did Zheng He explore in the fifteenth century?
The staple food of the Southeast Asian diet was
Why did women in Southeast Asia tend to have more economic power than women in India, China, and Europe?
A primary role of women in Southeast Asia was rice production
The money exchanged at the time of marriage in Southeast Asia was called the bride wealth, and it was given to
The major trade commodity of the trans-Saharan trade route was
By the sixteenth century, what empire dominated the sea trade in the Mediterranean?
Originally the Venetians and Genoese traded slaves from the
What empire captured Constantinople in the fifteenth century and then limited Europe's access to spices from the east?
In 1492, Spain conquered Granada, which encouraged
religious fervor to convert Muslims
One of the many motivations for exploration in the fifteenth century was the desire of European monarchs to
compete with one another
On his voyages, Columbus took a copy of The Travels of Marco Polo and The Travels of
Sir John Mandeville
The most significant error of Ptolemy's Geography was that it
underestimated the size of the earth
The astrolabe was
used to plot latitude using the sun
The European kingdom that took the lead in overseas exploration was
Prince Henry II of Portugal is significant for his
support of voyages of exploration
Where did Columbus first land in the Americas?
By the end of his life, Columbus
continued to believe he had discovered islands off the coast of Asia
The competing claims to the Americas between Spain and Portugal were settled by
Pope Alexander VI
The Aztec Empire was conquered by
The Spanish conquest of Tenochtitlán was aided by what disease?
When the Inca leader Atahualpa first met the Spanish, he
was seized and ultimately executed
The Spanish crown established a monopoly of New World traffic to what city?
Spanish viceroys presided over what judicial advisory council?
The most important food item introduced from the New World to Europe was
In the sixteenth century, there was a huge increase in the use of enslaved Africans in Brazil in order to produce
The Royal African Company was created by England to facilitate trade in
Most of the African slaves who died on the voyage to the Americas died
What was discovered by the Spanish at Potosi in the sixteenth century?
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!