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Human Anatomy (MyA&P Series)
Which subdivision of anatomy doesn't belong?
What is made of 2 or more tissues?
What stage goes before mitosis?
A cut that divides the body into a right and left side is a...
Where can a pleural pericardial cavitie be found?
What is the anatomical name for the tumb?
What does sthe pleura refer to?
A cut that divides he body into an upper and a lower section is called?
What is not right about developmental anatomy?
It is the structural changes over a LIFETIME
What is the anatomical position?
Standard reference point used for directional terms regardless of actual position of the body
What does the dorsal cavity house?
The brain and spinal cord
What is histology?
The study of tissue
What are the anatomical terms for hip, foot, hand,
coxyx, pedal, mannus,
What is a prasagital cut?
A cut lengthwise... any sagittal cut except in the middle
What cavity is the heart in?
the Ventral pericardial cavity
Which cavities house the lungs?
The pleural ventral, thoracic cavities
During which cell cycle is the genetic material copied?
S phase of interphase
What divides the body into anterior and posterior?
What goes first second and then third from mitosis, PMAT, Interphase?
Interphase, mitosis, PMAT
Are phsopholibids hydrophobic or philic?
Both because the heads are hydrophilic and the tails are hydrophobic
Which are connective tissues from the following:
cartilage, adipose, blood, muscles
All except muscle!!! Muscle is not connective tissue
What are the cells wedged btwn simple columnar epithelial cells?
How do nutrients reach the surface of the epidermis?
What is true about epithelial tissue?
Its basement membrane is made of connective tissue
What do peroxisomes do?
What is true about the mitochondria?
Contains its own DNA
The skin is deep/superficial to skeletal muscle?
What are the following regions known as?
Ear region, back of head, point of shoulder
What 2 cavities are found in the dorsal cavity?
The cranial and vertebral cavity
What does the fluid mosaic term refer to?
Fluid = membrane
Mosaic = protiens
Cell Eating = endocytosis
During which phase do sister chromatids separate and become chromosomes?
What happens during metaphase?
sister chromatids line up at the center and create metaphase plate
What happensduring telophase?
opposite of prophase, nuclear envelope appears
What happens during cytokinesis?
What is pathological anatomy?
structural changes taht cause diseases
What do squamous cells look like?
Columnar cell appearance?
Longer than they are wide
Cuboidal cell appeartance?
About as tall as wide...can be circular
What is a characteristic of epithelia?
avascular but innervated
What makes up 50% of the total mass of plasma membrane?
What connects sister chromatids together?
What makes ribosomes?
Pseudostratified cubiodal is not...
a real classification
where are chondoblasts found?
w/in cartilage and secrete new matrix
What is true about hyaline cartilage?
fibers aren't clearly visible
What gives the external ear its shape?
Which tissue has the nucleus peripherally located?
What is the matrix made of?
ground substance and fibers
What are the 3 main components of CT
ground substance, fibers and cells
Which cells are found in areolar CT and which one is NOT?
mast cells, macrophages, fibroblasts but NO chondoblasts
What is the primary function of fat?
Lacunae CA salts are found mainly in
Simple cuboidal epithelium's main function is
secretion and absorption
The main function of stratified epithelium is
What is the main function of simple epithelium?
What are the two layers in the dermis?
Papillary (top) and reticular layers (thicker)
What are the cells found in the dermis?
Fibroblasts, ,macrophages, mast cells
What are langerhan cells?
What is the function of skin?
screen UV rays, synthesise vitamin D, IT DOES NOT TRANSPORT SUBSTANCES
What are the layers of thin skin?
Corneum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
Which prevent water loss?
Which layer is responsible for cell division and replacement in the skin?
Which cells have immune function?
langerhans and macrophages
Which cells are spidershaped?
Which are the non sex chromosomes?
If a homozygote dominant mates with a homozygote recessive, then what will the babies be?
They will carry dominant trait which is black eyes
When you mix and red flower with a white flower and you get pink what type of dominance is this?
What is an example of codominance?
A and B dominant over O blood
What is Pleiotropy?
1 gene affects many characteristics
What is polygenic inheritance?
Many genes affect 1 characteristic
How do you get purely heterozygote children?
Cross 2 homozygotes
What is the specific location of a gene on a chromosome called?
What is the trait most common in nature known as?
What are the chances of a family having a girl after they've had 2 boys?
If you mix a pedigree chihuahuah with a great dane what will you get?
T/F a person with type b blood can recieve blood from someone with type b or type o blood?
What is the extra skin layer in the palms called?
What do you get when you cross an uknown genotype with a heterozygote?
Where are keratinocytes found?
T/F...Chromosome theory of inheritance states that chromosomes are found on genes
FALSE...CHROMOSOMES NOT FOUND ON GENES!
Ceruminous glands secrete?
Derminal papillaee contain
Which cells are touch receptors?
Intermediate filaments, desmosomes, and keratinocytes are found in ...
3/4 of the epidermal thickness is found in the...
Fibroblasts are found in which layer?
where is adipose skin found?
in the hypodermis
Which gland soften skin and serete oil?
What is the function of sweat?
What is the main function of melanin?
What are the chemical messenger molecules?
What is the laer of delicate CT aroun the Axon?
what is the function of Ependymal cells?
circulate cerebrospinal fluid
T/F: The PNS consists of nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord?
The space btwn neurons is called...
cell body and dendrites
Which is not a function of skeletal system/
Which neurons connect sensory with motor neurons? FOUND ONLY IN CNS
Inter neurons/association neurons
What does yellow marrow have a high percentage of?
what is the structural unit of compact bone?
Cell responsible for secreteing bone matrix?
What cells are found in the osteogenic layer of periosteum?
Osteoblasts and osteoclasts
What is the most abundant skeletal cartilage?
What is spongy bone made up of?
What cells are similar to schwann cells?
PNS Schwann cells
What not found in cartilage but is found in bone?
What is the canal through the middle of the osteon called?
Haversian canal with nerves and blood vessels
What shape are vertebrae?
what does appositional grown mean for cartilage?
growth from outside
What does interstitial growth mean for cartialge?
What hormone regulates the remodel of bone?
What controls the functino of visceral organs and involuntary nervous system
What is the functiona unit of skeletal muscle?
What do T tubles do?
What is a network of membrance responsible for calcium storage in muscles?
For muscle contraction what attaches to what?
myosin attaches to actin where myosin is the thick filament and actin are the thin filaments
The sarcomere is the area btwn...
2 Z discs
what are the striations in skeletal muscles due to?
What is the membrane around the uscle cell called?
What surrounds individual muscle cells?
Olfactory receptors are found....
in the nose
Which is not a special sense?
Photoreceptors, bipolar cells, ganglion cells are all found
in the neuronal layer of the retina
What links the middle ear to the pharynx?
Which are in charge of rotational acceleration ?
What lines the eyes and is a membrane?
What is the function of the lens?
Precise focusing of light on retina
Which are sound receptors?
What contains cones and has the highest visual acuity?
Are sarcomeres found in smooth muscle? Actin and mysosin?
What is true about blood plasma?
90% of it is made of water
What do all leukocytes have in common?
all have nucleus
What is NOT a normal plasma protien?
What are basophils born from?
myloid stem cells
What are the most numerous WBC
Which are considered lymphocytes?
B and T cells
which are not granulocytes?
What is the largest of the leukocytes?
what are platelet forming cells made from?
Plasma cells and megakaryoctyes become?
Which only become lymphocytes?
Lymphoid stem cells
what is the most important immune cell?
What are cell fragments called used for clotting?
What is the cardiac muscle layer called?
Where does the blood go when ventricles contract?
aorta and pulmonary artery
What are the leaky capillaries called?
Where are continuous capilaries found?
skin and muscle
What are veins called?
what are distributing arteries also called?
Which are not part of the arteriole sstyem?
What is the correct order for lymph?
Lymph caplilaires, collecting vessels, nodes, trunk, duct
Which is not part of the arteriold system?
Which are specialized to get fat in teh small intestines?
What are the layers that every organ has from the lumen out
Mucosa, submucosa, muscluaris, serosa
Which lymph drains 3/4 of the body
What are the primary lymph organs?
obone marros and the thymus
Lymph drains back to the veins in the...
Gas exchange and the carrying of oxygen occurs in the
Which lymphs are near blood capilaries?
What secretes enzymatic liquid for digestion?
What increases the surface area in the small intestines?
what removes blood born antigens?
what generates memory lymphocytes?
What connects the stomach to the duodenum to the liver?
Which salivary glands keep the mouth moist and are found in lots of places of the mouth?
intrinsic salivary glands
What happens as the conducting tubes in the air passage ways get smaller?
Cartilage rings are replaced by plates of cartialge
what is the passage way btwn the oral cavity and the parynx?
What contains tastebuds?
What is the zone called where gas exchange occurs?
gas exchange between the lungs and blood is called?
What does a meal high in fat cause?
Where do lymphocytes learn to recognize self?
What anchors the vocal chords?
Which lyse and directly attack foreign cells?
What is the blind tube opening off the cecum?
where is Malt found?
anywhere that opens to the outside world
what is the dome region of the stomach?
What is the opening to the stomach and duodenum?
T/F Lymphocytes are the most imporant tissue?
FALSE ITS NOT A TISSUE
What si the job of the larynx?
Route food and air b/c of epiglottis
What cuts and nips food?
what is oxygen and CO2 exchange known as?
what is the adams apple/ laryngeal prominance made of?
What is the function of the larygopharynx
passageway for food and air
Where do T lymphocytes mature?
where are Interocytes found?
Which causes urination/micturation?
stretching of bladder
What does urine normally contain?
What is the structural unit of a kidney?
What does the renual corpuscle contain?
Glomerules and bowmans capsule
What is the break down of amino acids and the main waste filtered from kidney?
Bowmans capsule is NOT...
What are the parallel bundles of collecting tubes spearated by renal columns?
R. kidney is lower than left...t/f
leptin is secreted by...
what gland is ontop of kidney
What are the chemical substances secreted into extracellular space?
Juxtamed are what percent of nephrons?
what is the most important blood calcium regulator?
what releases epinephrin?
What releases melatonin?
what relases insulin?
All are true endocrine glands excpet...
Trace an egg out of the body
ovary, fallopian tube, uterus, cervix, vagina, out
Sperm trace out of body
testes, epididymus, vas defferens, ejaculatory dut
60-65% semen is made in
Total ejaculate sperm percentage is
Female external genitalia =
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