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Which is NOT an example of moderation in your diet and lifestyle?
All of the following are macronutrients except
Which of the following statements about proteins is false?
If you know you are going to order dessert at dinner tonight, which of these choices would illustrate the concept of balancing your choices?
With the exception of _______, all the classes of nutrients are involved in forming and maintaining the body’s structure.
Gram per gram, ______ provide the most kcalories.
Some nutrient deficiencies occur quickly, whereas others take more time to develop. Which of the following nutrient deficiencies are listed in the order reflecting most quickly to least quickly?
The top three causes of death in the US include stroke, cancer, and heart disease. All of these conditions are thought to be exacerbated by
Ethan achieves his recommended intake of vegetables by eating a large baked potato every day. Which principle is he not achieving?
Which of the following statements illustrates the concept of variety?
Which food has the highest nutrient density?
Sue eats chocolate whenever she is feeling stressed. This is an example of which factor that influences food choices?
Which of the following is associated with overnutrition?
Foods that have health-promoting and/or disease-preventing properties beyond basic nutritional functions are called
_______ are studies that explore the effects of altering people’s diets.
All of the following statements are true regarding components of a nutrition study that provides reliable information except that
When judging nutrition information, which is the least important factor?
A registered dietitian is a nutrition professional who
Which of the following is the best definition of essential nutrients?
It has been estimated that about 25% of deaths in the United States can be attributed to poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
A varied diet also balances the calories you take in with the calories you use up in your daily activities so that your body weight stays in the health range.
Reliable nutrition information and current dietary recommendations are based on results of scientific, peer-reviewed research.
For a food to be labeled as organic, it must be 100% organic.
If a food is labeled as trans fat free, there must be less than 0.5 grams of trans fat per serving.
Hormones are given to dairy cows to:
Foods labeled as “Light” will also be “Low-fat.”
Per federal legislation, all poultry products are to be hormone free.
The small intestine is the primary site of absorption for __and most nutrients
There are four main ways that nutrients are absorbed. They are simple diffusion, osmosis, ______and active transport
Simple diffusion is the process by which substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. This process sometimes requires energy.
When fluid moves in the direction that balances the concentration of dissolved particles it is referred to as ____
Facilitated diffusion uses energy to carry nutrients from a lower concentration to a higher concentration
An example of a nutrient that is absorbed by facilitated diffusion is ____.
The carrier molecule provides a ____ for the nutrient to cross the cell membrane.
Active Transport requires energy and a carrier molecule to move nutrients from a lower to a higher concentration.
Nutrients are delivered from the GI tract to the ___before they enter the bloodstream.
Molecules move through the mucosal cells into the ___to form ___
Venules form larger__.
Larger veins merge to form the hepatic portal____.
The liver acts as a gatekeeper between substances absorbed by the intestine and the rest of the body.
The hepatic portal vein is an important part of the respiratory system.
Discretionary calories come from:
The DRI values have taken into account all of the following EXCEPT:
Food additives must be included in the ingredients list.
The _____ is a reference value for the intake of nutrients used on the food label.
MyPlate emphasizes the importance of proportionality, moderation, and nutrient density, but not variety.
All of the following are methods used to evaluate nutrition status EXCEPT:
On the food label, a %DV is NOT required for:
Nutrition recommendations are developed to:
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans promote a minimum of _____ minutes of moderate exercise weekly.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that no more than ____ percent of calories come from saturated fat.
The Recommend Dietary Allowance (RDA) is set so that ___ of the population meets its health needs.
If Joe consumed 2500 calories daily, he would need to consume ____ the %DV listed in the Nutrition Facts panel.
Nutrient content and health claims are approved by the:
The best definition of the purpose of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is:
Dietary supplements are required to carry a Supplement Facts panel similar to the Nutrition Facts panel on food labels.
Which of the factors influence the Estimated Energy Requirements for an individual?
Which of these foods contains the lowest amount of discretionary calories?
All of the following are variables that increase the Estimated Energy Requirement except:
All of the following are nutrient-dense protein sources EXCEPT:
The Daily Value amounts listed in the Nutrition Facts panel are based on a _____ calorie diet.
Restaurants, upon request, must be able to provide consumers with the nutritional information of the foods served.
A _____ meal stays in the stomach the longest.
Yogurts such as Activia and YoPlus+ are good sources of ____, which contain active cultures of beneficial bacteria.
Which of the following processes transports molecules from high to low concentration with the help of a carrier molecule?
Most peptic ulcers are caused by
Bicarbonate neutralizes the acid in chyme, which allows ___ from the pancreas and small intestine to function.
Identify the organ that stores bile which is used for the digestion of fat.
Which of the following is one of the ways that the endocrine system interacts with the digestive system?
In regard to blood circulation, if you begin with oxygen-poor blood that reaches the heart from the body and is pumped through arteries to capillaries of the lungs, then determine the order for the following: 1. In capillaries of the body, nutrients and oxygen move from the blood to body tissues. 2. Oxygen-rich blood returns to the heart from the lungs by veins. 3. In capillaries of the lungs, oxygen from inhaled air is picked up by the blood and carbon dioxide is released into the lungs and exhaled. 4. Oxygen-rich blood is pumped out of the heart into arteries leading to the body.
Exchange of nutrients and gases occurs through:
The end products of cellular respiration are:
The first location of chemical and mechanical digestion is the stomach.
What might occur if the sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach doesn’t close correctly, and some of the contents from the stomach enter into the esophagus?
An individual who eats food contaminated with bacteria may be protected from the ill effects of the bacteria because of the presence of:
Proteins are broken down into _____ whereas fats are digested mostly into _____.
Which of the following body systems secretes hormones that help regulate how much we eat how quickly food and nutrients travel through the digestive system?
As compared to when you are at rest between meals, when you have eaten a meal, a ____________ proportion of your blood goes to your digestive system.
The _____ system eliminates the majority of nitrogen-containing metabolic waste products.
The enzyme salivary amylase begins chemical digestion of:
The end results of cellular respiration include all of the following EXCEPT
Excess amino acids can be converted into fatty acids and stored as body fat.
In which organ does the digestion of protein begin?
Why do mucosal cells have a life span of only a few days?
Which of the following products could be included in a gluten-free diet?
The Health Education Reform Act will require restaurants to post calories and fat grams of each offering.
A Body Mass Index (BMI) of less than _____ is considered healthy.
The BMI calculation is a ratio of an individual’s height to weight.
Which of the following has the highest fiber content per serving?
A waist circumference measurement is indicative of visceral fat storage.
Blood ___ stimulates the pancreas to secrete glucagon
A rise in blood glucose levels stimulates the ____ to secrete insulin
When glucose is released into the blood, the blood glucose _____ is restored to normal levels.
Not having eaten recently or a heavy workout causes a drop in _________.
As cells take in glucose, blood glucose levels return to normal.
In the mouth, amylase from the salivary glands helps to begin
Enzymes attached to the______ of small intestinal villi complete the digestion of carbohydrates.
Starch is broken down into monosaccharides, disaccharides and short chains of sugar units called_________.
Salivary amylase starts breaking starch into _____ polysaccharides
There are several metabolic pathways involved in the production of ATP. Which of the following is not an ATP pathway:
The end products of aerobic metabolism are ATP, carbon dioxide (CO2) and ____
Glycolysis is called anaerobic metabolism because ______is not required at this step.
Cellular respiration uses oxygen to convert glucose to carbon dioxide and water and provides energy to cells in the form of _____.
During digestion, complex carbohydrates are hydrolyzed or broken down into polysaccharides.
Nutrients can be mobilized from storage sites when nutrient levels in the blood become ____. Glucose is regulated in this way.
Hormone release correlates with food digestion and absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.
Insulin is the main hormone regulating metabolism after _____of nutrients into the blood stream.
Insulin stimulates synthesis of _____in liver and fat cells
Insulin stimulates the transport of glucose into body cells for use in ___production.
When making white bread, what is generally the only part of the whole grain used?
Glucagon raises blood glucose levels by signaling ______ cells to break down _____ into glucose.
Which monosaccharide commonly found in all disaccharides?
Which is NOT a step involved in starch digestion?
Which of the following represents a monosaccharide:disaccharide:complex carbohydrate?
Which of the following health conditions commonly occur in people with uncontrolled diabetes?
_____ cannot be digested by human digestive enzymes.
_____ is caused by an autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
People who are lactose intolerant:
The glycemic index is a measure of:
Which of the following is not a potential adverse health condition that may result if the body lacks sufficient dietary carbohydrate?
When there is not sufficient carbohydrate to completely metabolize fatty acids, these molecules form:
The main function of carbohydrates in the body is to:
A high fiber diet may help:
One serving (3 cookies) of Pepperidge farm Chessmen cookies provides 120 calories and 18 grams of carbohydrate. What percentage of calories is from carbohydrate?
The type of diabetes which accounts for 90-95% of all cases is:
Which of the following is an example of an unrefined food?
Anaerobic metabolic pathway that splits glucose into two 3-carbon pyruvate molecules:
Normal blood glucose level is expected to be less than ___ milligrams/100 milliliters of blood after an 8-hour fast.
The rise in blood glucose levels after eating stimulates the pancreas to secrete the hormone ___, causing blood glucose levels to ____.
Women who have gestational diabetes are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Starch and dietary fiber are classified as:
_____fiber lowers blood cholesterol levels.
Most phospholipids in the body are found in:
Eating fat can increase the number of calories you consume because
Inflammation that occurs in response to an injury to the artery wall precipitates the development of _________ which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Which of the following statements is correct?
Sources of hidden fat in our diet include
If there is not enough carbohydrate available in cells to allow the acetyl-CoA to enter the citric acid cycle, it will be used to make ______.
Gary had the following blood levels (mg/100 mL): cholesterol 245, HDL 35, LDL 99. Which of these blood lipid levels put him at risk for heart disease?
The fat content of the place U.S. diet is not thought to be the only reason for the incidence of increasing obesity in the United States. Which of the following best explains the increase in obesity?
Based on the type of fat found in the following foods, which would be the healthiest choice for breakfast from the grains group?
Elise is trying to manage her blood cholesterol, so she wants to purchase some crackers that do not have saturated fat in them. Which oil, if it appears in the ingredient list should she avoid?
Excess calories that are consumed as carbohydrate or protein can be used to synthesize fatty acids.
Antioxidants decrease the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, and therefore, the development of plaque in the artery walls.
Foods at the base of each MyPlate food group are more likely to be good sources of healthy liquid oils than those foods at the tip of the pyramid.
Which of the following foods is lowest in saturated fat?
The best-known phospholipid used by the food industry to prevent oil from separating from other ingredients is ________.
After long-chain fatty acids have been absorbed into the mucosal cells, they are re-assembled into:
Which lipoprotein contains the highest proportion of protein?
Which of the following statements is false about omega-3 fatty acids?
All of the following are characteristics of essential fatty acids except:
All of the following are correct about the metabolism of triglycerides except:
Since chylomicrons are too large to enter the capillaries in the small intestine, they pass into the:
Which lipoprotein picks up cholesterol from other lipoproteins and body cells and returns it to the liver?
Which of the following is found in plant foods and not animal foods?
Which of the following is the unique part of an amino acid?
Unlike other nutrients, chemical digestion of proteins begins in the:
Which meal is relying on protein complementation to meet protein needs?
Which statement is most accurate in regard to the composition of plant protein as compared to animal proteins?
Current protein recommendations are based on:
The chemical element that is found in protein and that is not found in carbohydrate or lipid is:
In general, plant sources of protein provide _____absorbable forms of iron, zinc, and calcium as compared to animal protein sources.
If the diet is deficient in one or more of the _____amino acids, the body must break down existing proteins to provide the amino acids.
The ____ amino acid is the essential amino acid that is available in the lowest concentration relative to the body’s needs.
Most of the nitrogen we lose is lost in/through our
The amino acid pool is comprised of the
Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of kwashiorkor?
Why is protein-energy malnutrition more common in children than adults?
As validated by evidence-based research, the major health concern with high-protein diets is
Most Americans consume more than enough grams of protein daily.
A diet that provides 10% of calories from protein will meet the RDA for protein, but this is a relatively low-protein diet compared with typical eating patterns in the U.S.
A diet that includes a variety of plant proteins can easily meet most people’s protein needs.
_________ , an enzyme, is produced in the stomach and breaks some of the peptide bonds in polypeptide chains.
Marasmus is a form of malnutrition that negatively impacts which of the following developing organs the worst?
The water soluble vitamins include all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following is NOT a fat soluble vitamin?
Which of the following is correct about thiamin?
Why would extra folate in the diet raise some concerns?
When vitamin A is deficient:
Vitamins promote and regulate the body's activities. One way that they accomplish this is to serve as _______. All B Vitamins are___.
Niacin is synthesized in the body from the amino acid
Vitamin ___ is important for amino acid synthesis and protein metabolism.
Low maternal folate intake increases the risk of birth defects called neural tube defects.
Which of the following vitamins must be included on the food label?
Folate deficiency can lead to macrocytic or megablastic anemia.
Megaloblastic anemia is a reduction in the blood’s capacity to carry oxygen that is characterized by abnormally large immature and mature red blood cells.
Clare reads on the food label that the pizza contains enriched flour. Which of the following nutrients are added back to the flour in the enrichment process?
The Intrinsic Factor is necessary for the absorption of which B vitamin?
Which of the following MyPlate food groups is the richest in vitamin B12?
Where do free radicals come from?
Collagen is a __________. Vitamin C is necessary to form ___________ that hold adjacent collagen strands together and give the protein_________.
Supplements of which of the following nutrients may be needed by older adults?
Fresh vegetables are always more nutritious than frozen or canned vegetables.
Women of childbearing age should consume _____ daily from fortified foods or supplements.
Which of the following populations is not at increased risk of folate deficiency?
The electrolytes include all of the following minerals EXCEPT:
The following substances are all normally eliminated by the kidney as waste products EXCEPT:
Which of the following is the correct sequence that occurs with the development of iron deficiency anemia?
As foods are processed, they often gain _____ and lose _____.
A goiter occurs as a result of deficiency of:
Which food has the lowest amount of calcium?
Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are related to iron’s role in:
A goiter can occur when ________ is deficient, resulting in a swollen _____
The earth is the source of all nutrients required for basic human nutrition. Therefore, which of the following statements is most accurate in regards to meeting your body’s mineral needs?
A meal of a hot pastrami sandwich with pickles and chips is high in?
When water losses exceed intake in the body all the following happen EXCEPT:
All of the following are correct statements about mineral bioavailability EXCEPT:
Some minerals act as:
Which of the following is NOT associated with increased risk of developing osteoporosis?
Which of the following individuals is at the lowest risk for osteoporosis?
When the hormone calcitonin is activated, blood calcium levels will
The protein molecule that is found in red blood cells that transports oxygen to body cells is called
All of the following are possible roles for minerals in the body EXCEPT:
_____ enhances the bioavailability of non-heme iron.
When chromium is deficient, _______insulin is required to produce the same effect on blood sugar as when someone has adequate chromium status.
When a person has not consumed enough water, blood volume _____ and solute concentration in the blood ______.
Which of the following is not a trace mineral?
Adam has just returned from his long run of 6 miles in which he forgot his water bottle. Which of the following processes is most likely happening in Adam’s body?
Which of the following is NOT a function of water in the human body?
Phytic acid, tannins, and oxalates _____the absorption of many minerals.
Annie was recently told that she produces physiologically low level of leptin. What does this mean in terms of her likelihood of becoming obese compared to someone who produces physiologically normal levels of leptin?
Which of the following statements is true?
Which of the following individuals will face the greatest health risks due to obesity?
With aging, lean body mass decreases and body fat increases, even if body weight remains the same.
All of the following lead to an increased basal metabolism EXCEPT
All of the following are true about a person’s weight EXCEPT:
Losing weight too quickly may lead to
Which is often characteristic of a fad diet?
All of the following are correct statements about weight loss medications EXCEPT:
Which eating disorder is associated with a person having low self-esteem?
Eating disorders typically occur:
For most people, the majority of their total energy expenditure is from their
Hazards of the binge/purge cycle include all of the following EXCEPT:
Identify the energy equation which is most accurate for the individual who is weight stable.
When determining the level of health risk, using the BMI is sufficient.
As cultural icons have become thinner over the past several decades, the incidence of eating disorders has increased.
Which of the following two chronic health problems are more common in obese individuals than in lean individuals?
_____ measures an electric current traveling through the body and is used to determine body composition
Americans are more active today in their leisure time than they were in the prior decades/centuries.
Which of the following contribute to the energy imbalance that is prevalent in America?
In general, non-exercise activity thermogenesis varies _____ between adult individuals.
People who lose weight rapidly are more likely to regain the weight, leading to repeated cycles of weight loss and gain.
According to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, for those who need to lose weight or have lost weight and want to keep it off, _____ minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week is recommended.
Which of the following statements regarding weight loss drugs is FALSE?
The typical age of onset of bulimia nervosa is
The amount of energy expended for any activity depends on all of the following EXCEPT:
The amount of force that can be produced by a single muscle contraction is called:
All of the following are classified as aerobic activities except:
Resting between exercise sessions is important because it
When you exercise regularly, the increased aerobic capacity allows ______ to be used for fuel so that _____ is spared.
Which of the following is a possible risk associated with using anabolic steroids?
An individual who swims for longer distances in shorter amounts of time each day is improving their:
Which supplement is legal and may increase the amount of fat available to the muscle cell to increase endurance?
For adults, 20 minutes of aerobic activity daily is the amount recommended to reduce the risk of chronic disease.
Anaerobic metabolism uses which of the following fuels?
Creatine supplements are beneficial for marathon runners.
_____ are activities that specifically increase muscle strength, endurance, and size.
Maximum heart rate _____ with age.
Strength training and stretching exercises should be done:
An ergogenic aid is designed to enhance athletic performance.
Of the following athletes, who is least likely to benefit from creatine supplements?
Why is increasing the number of red blood cells an advantageous physiological change that occurs with aerobic training?
As compared to sedentary counterparts, trained athletes can perform at a higher intensity of exercise and for a longer period of time because:
As compared to medium intensity activity, such as running for 45 minutes, amino acids are used at a _____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during high intensity exercise, such as sprinting 100 yards.
Which of the following statements regarding ATP production is FALSE?
Which of the following does NOT impact the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to deliver oxygen to the tissues?
Which of the following statements regarding carbohydrate loading is FALSE?
Which of the following would affect a person’s risk of food-borne illness?
The bacteria E. coli 0157:H7 has been responsible for illness and deaths in individuals eating organic fresh vegetables. This may be the result of:
Freezing food is an excellent way of killing microbes.
Which of the following is a correct statement about food irradiation?
The factors related to why some individuals get sick from food borne infections and others do not include all but which of the following?
Which of the following statements is true of integrated pest management programs (IPM) used in the domestic production of food?
Risks associated with genetic engineering include all of the following EXCEPT:
Trichinella spriralis and Cryptosporidium parvum are
Each of the following organizations is responsible for the safety of the food you eat EXCEPT:
Biotechnology increases crop yield by:
The goal of the _____ is to reduce the incidence of food-borne illness by improving food safety practice and policies throughout the United States.
Food borne illness caused by pathogens that multiply in the human body are termed food-borne
Which microbe is responsible for outbreaks of food-borne illness aboard cruise ships?
Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the “cafeteria germ”?
Which of the following statements is FALSE about viruses that make us sick?
Infection with which bacteria can cause a spontaneous abortion in a pregnant woman?
The goal of a HACCP system is to:
All of the following are ways to minimize exposure to chemical contaminants EXCEPT:
Those substances on the _____ are not subject to food additive regulation.
Which is the primary cause of food-borne illness?
Cold pasteurization is also referred to as
Consuming more whole grains helps to achieve all of the following except:
Avocados are a good source of potassium which can help to lower high blood pressure.
Individuals who are older than 50 years of age and/or have hypertension need the equivalent to ____ teaspoon(s) of salt.
There are several classes of lipids or fat found in food. _____ are the most abundant.
Triglycerides are composed of three chains of fatty acids bound to a_____ backbone.
Phospholipids are a class of ____
Enzymes called lipases break down _____
A small amount of lipid is hydrolyzed in the stomach during digestion.
During lipid digestion, in the _______, triglycerides interact with bile and pancreatic juice
The breakup of fat globules during lipid digestion results in ______ triglyceride emulsion droplets.
Triglyceride molecules break up into___ and fatty acids in the small intestine.
Pancreatic _____is the main triglyceride-digesting enzyme
Chylomicrons are too large to enter capillaries directly. Chylomicrons enter lacteals, travel through lymphatic vessels and enter the ________
Lipids or fats are not ____in water or blood.
Classifications of lipoproteins include: Very Low Density Lipoproteins, Low Density Lipoproteins, High Density Lipoproteins and __________.
The Chylomicron is the lowest in density and the largest in size of all the lipoproteins. Chylomicrons are assembled in the ________ and transport fat and cholesterol digested from food through the intestinal wall to the ____and other body tissues.
Chlyomicrons are transported from the intestine via the________system.
Cholesterol can be returned to the___ and synthesized into ____. Bile is stored in the gallbladder or goes through the bile duct to the small intestine and assists in the emulsification of fat from food.
HDL cholesterol is referred to as “good cholesterol” because it can remove cholesterol that has accumulated in blood vessels. ____ HDL levels reduce the risk of _____
Food and muscle tissue are the source of triglycerides metabolized to produce energy in the form of ATP.
Triglycerides are breakdown into three fatty acids and ______
This process of _____ removes carbons in groups of two to produce acetyl-CoA molecules and high energy electrons and occurs in the mitochondrion.
Acetyl CoA enters the Citric Acid Cycle and combines with 4 carbon oxaloacetate to form____. The citric acid cycle produces high energy electrons and CO2.
A three carbon glycerol can be used to produce __________________
Normal metabolic reactions like cellular respiration produce____. The body's response to air pollution and cigarette smoke also produces these substances.
______damage by free radicals is related to the development of many diseases, including: cancer, heart disease, arthritis, cataracts, macular degeneration and Parkinson's disease.
Antioxidants stabilize free radicals by donating____. This neutralizes the free radical and prevents it from stealing _____
Red blood cells, nerve cells and lung cell membranes are particularly vulnerable to free radical damage because of the high_____ content
Vitamin E neutralizes free radicals and protects cell membranes, body protein, DNA and cholesterol.
Vitamin E donates an electron to Vitamin C
When more Vitamin C is needed, it must be replaced from ____
B Vitamins and ____ are necessary for many metabolic processes that occur at a cellular level.
DNA is synthesized in the nucleus of the cell. _____ folate must be present before the process can begin.
Vitamins B ___ and B ___ are involved in protein synthesis.
Transamination reactions prepare ______ for participation in synthesizing new proteins and nonessential amino acids
Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid are Vitamin ___ needed to produce energy from proteins.
Glycolysis splits six carbon glucose molecules into two three carbon pyruvate molecules. _____ is a coenzyme in this step.
Riboflavin and Niacin are coenzymes in the ________ which traps energy from electrons and uses it to make ATP.
Riboflavin is a cofactor for the reaction in which ___split into fatty acids and glycerol in the cytosol to prepare for entry into metabolic pathways
_____ is required for ALL lipid metabolism
Nerves communicate by way of chemical neurotransmitters. Vitamin B6, and the chemical ______ are involved in neurotransmitter synthesis.
_______is the molecule responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Vitamin B6 is necessary for synthesis of this molecule
Vitamins must be _____ before they can function as coenzymes. Many vitamin activators are _____
Enzymes require activation before they can catalyze reactions to synthesize new molecules. Enzymes are activated by ______
Activated enzymes _____synthesis of new molecules
Once they have assisted with a reaction, enzymes and vitamin coenzymes are released to participate in other reactions in the body.
Which of the following provides the regulation for dietary supplements?
Acidity or alkalinity is a determined by the concentration of ____ions
Hydrogen ion concentration is ____when a solution is acidic. Hydrogen ion concentration is ___when a solution is basic.
_____ is how the acidity or alkalinity of a solution is measured.
pH 7 is always considered ____
Acidic solutions have a pH of less than __, Alkaline greater than __
Stomach acid is one of the most ___substances in the body; this is crucial to the digestive process.
If vinegar has a pH range from 2.4-4.4, it is considered ____
The pH of milk ranges from 6.3 to 6.6, which makes it slightly__
Adult Americans consume roughly ____ times the amount of sodium they need daily.
Consuming too much salt for an extended period of time can lead to hypertension.
Which of the following foods should be limited in the diet in order to lessen sodium consumption?
Processed, frozen chicken can have salt injected into it to make it appear plumper.
The surprising benefit of the low carbohydrate diet that was relatively high in fat was that it:
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