Peter Paul Rubens. Elevation of the Cross (triptych). 1610.oil
c- christs body cuts dynamically across the pic while inclining back into it
s- foreshortening, strong modeling of light and dark, liked the human body in action Rubens- art is an original synthesis of many painters- Michelangelo (muscular, twisting bodies), titian, carracci, caravaggio, truley pan-european painting style
c- catholic church invested in sacred art to affirm their allegiance to Catholiscm after era of protestand fervor
Peter Pual Rubens. Allegory of the Outbreak of War. 1638
s- principle figure is mars who has left the open temple of Janus (signifies war), pays no attention to venus, amor and cupid, with monsters personifying pestilance and famine, women w/ broken lute-symbol of harmony, war destroys procreation, arts letters, europe- all symbo
s- fluid articulation and energy, twisting bodies- like other paintings
c-wrote a commentary, as a diplomat w/ great insight into Euro politics- he always promoted peace
Peter Paul Rubens. Rape of the Sabine Women. 1634.
s- members of the sabine tribe were invited for games in Rome, at Romulus's order the women were carried off
c- light women contrasted with dark men- baroque, expansive, theatrical, splendor in color and ornament Rubenseque- robust and swirling figures, international blend
Nicholas Poussin. Holy Family on the Steps. 1648.
s- holy family seated at the base of the steps- christ reaches for an apple from John the baptist
c- triangle form
s- neoclassical- grand manner of painting.
c- holy family above the earthly bowl of fruit- they are the passageway to the ideal heavenly city above. Poussin spent a lot of time in Rome- titian and Raphael. compass- Josephs trade, God as the architect, artists as creators that are divinely inspired
Poussin. Burial of Phocion. 1648. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris
s- subject from Plutarchs Life of Phocion- a biography of the Athenian general who was unjustly put to death
c- two massive bearers and bier are starkly isolated in the great landscape- hero abandoned in death, noble landscape for noble theme
s- classical style contrasts to contemporaneous baroque styles of Italian counterparts, used grand manner of painting see below
c- spent most of his life in rome- modeled after Titian, Raphael
Claude Perrault, Louis Le Vau. Charles le Brun. East facade of the Louvre, 1667-1670
c- facade has a central and two corner projecting pavilions, designers favored an even roofline over the traditional French Pyramidal roof over the Louves West wing.
s- synthesis of French and italian classical elements including a central pavilion that resembles an ancient temple with a pediment
Jules Hardouin Mansart. Royal Chapel, Versailes. 1698
s- chapels interior is essentially rectangular bc apse is as high as the nave
s- the fluid central space takes on a curved Baroque quality. however light entering the through the large windows lacks the directed dramatic effect of the Italian Baroque, instead illuminating the interior brightly and evenly.
c- amid the restrained decoration, only the illusionary ceiling paintings suggest the drama and complexity of Italian Baroque art
Charles Le Brun. Galerie des Glaces (Hall of Mirrors). 1680.
s- overlooks the second floor and extends most of the width of the central block.
c- hundreds of mirrors alleviate the halls tunnel like quality and illusionistically extend the length of the room.
s- mirror, ultimate source of illusion, was a favorite element of baroque interior design, it also enhanced the dazzling extravagance of the great festivals
c- deprived of its original sumptous furniture( gold chairs and bejeweled trees)
catholic and under spanish control. Flemish Baroque art is more closely tied to the baroque are of Italy than it is of much of the rest of northern Europe
Peter Paul Rubens
leading flemish painter, internaitonal in score, paintings exhibit baroque splendor in color and ornament, robust and foreshorteneed figures in swirling motion
Worldwide trade and bacnking brought prosperity to its protestant citizenry
largely rejected church art in favor of private commisions of portraits, genre scenes, landscapes and still life's
greatest dutch artist, oil paintings are known for their dramatic impact, subtle gradations of light and shade and human emotions
specialized in painting dutch families in serenely opulent homes, master of light and color and understood that shadows are not colorless
France and England
Major art patron was the SUn King
leading proponent of classical painting, championed the grand manner of painting which called for heroic or divine subjects and classical compositions with figures often modeled on ancient statues
inigo Jones and Christopher Wren- harmonized the architectural principles of Andrea Palladio with the Italian Baroque and French classical style
Nicolas Poussin. described the essential ingredients to produce a beautiful painting in the grand manner. Four things- subject matter of theme, though, structure, and style. subject matter must be grand. ideal of beauty must be prepared as carefully as possible with correct arrangement (every limb holds its natural place), measure ( every limb is the correct size)
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