Peter Paul Rubens. Elevation of the Cross (triptych). 1610.oil
c- christs body cuts dynamically across the pic while inclining back into it
s- foreshortening, strong modeling of light and dark, liked the human body in action Rubens- art is an original synthesis of many painters- Michelangelo (muscular, twisting bodies), titian, carracci, caravaggio, truley pan-european painting style
c- catholic church invested in sacred art to affirm their allegiance to Catholiscm after era of protestand fervor
Peter Pual Rubens. Allegory of the Outbreak of War. 1638
s- principle figure is mars who has left the open temple of Janus (signifies war), pays no attention to venus, amor and cupid, with monsters personifying pestilance and famine, women w/ broken lute-symbol of harmony, war destroys procreation, arts letters, europe- all symbo
s- fluid articulation and energy, twisting bodies- like other paintings
c-wrote a commentary, as a diplomat w/ great insight into Euro politics- he always promoted peace
Peter Paul Rubens. Rape of the Sabine Women. 1634.
s- members of the sabine tribe were invited for games in Rome, at Romulus's order the women were carried off
c- light women contrasted with dark men- baroque, expansive, theatrical, splendor in color and ornament Rubenseque- robust and swirling figures, international blend
Nicholas Poussin. Holy Family on the Steps. 1648.
s- holy family seated at the base of the steps- christ reaches for an apple from John the baptist
c- triangle form
s- neoclassical- grand manner of painting.
c- holy family above the earthly bowl of fruit- they are the passageway to the ideal heavenly city above. Poussin spent a lot of time in Rome- titian and Raphael. compass- Josephs trade, God as the architect, artists as creators that are divinely inspired
Poussin. Burial of Phocion. 1648. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris
s- subject from Plutarchs Life of Phocion- a biography of the Athenian general who was unjustly put to death
c- two massive bearers and bier are starkly isolated in the great landscape- hero abandoned in death, noble landscape for noble theme
s- classical style contrasts to contemporaneous baroque styles of Italian counterparts, used grand manner of painting see below
c- spent most of his life in rome- modeled after Titian, Raphael
Claude Perrault, Louis Le Vau. Charles le Brun. East facade of the Louvre, 1667-1670
c- facade has a central and two corner projecting pavilions, designers favored an even roofline over the traditional French Pyramidal roof over the Louves West wing.
s- synthesis of French and italian classical elements including a central pavilion that resembles an ancient temple with a pediment