Fossil Fuels and their Global Impact
- Tulane University
- Ecology And Evolutionary Biology
- Ecology And Evolutionary Biology 1040 01
- Fossil Fuels and their Global Impact
Last Modified: 2011-07-17
- Source of power used today
- It is generated using turbines and different types of fuel
- Anything that uses the process of generating electricty by the movement of the loop of wire or disc of copper between the poles of a magnet
- Michael Faraday, British scientist from 1820's-30's.
- A machine where a fan of sorts is rotated to generate electricity in the process of electric generation
- All turbines rely on this principle, differences are the methods used to create this rotation.
- A turbine that is powered by water flowing through it, using the flow to turn the fan blades.
- Usually found in dams
- A turbine where the electricity is generated through the use of combustion gas and its power.
- A turbine where thermal energy is used to evaporate water into water vapor, which then rotates the fan blades of the turbine.
- Fuels created by the decomposition of dead organisms, like plant matter
- They are the primary source of energy for humans today.
- Includes coal, oil and natural gas
- A type of surface mining where minerals are dug up by the digging of parallel trenches.
- Usually used to find coal or oil
- A terrible respiratory disease that usually effects coal miners
- Caused by frequent inhalation of coal dust, which harms the lungs
- The ratio used to express the useful output of an energy conversion process and the input in terms of energy.
- It depends on the usefulness of the output energy.
- A combustion technology that suspends a solid fuel above upward blowing jets of air during the combustion process.
- The turbulent tumbling action creates more effective chemical reactions and heat transfer
- The result when coal is converted into a liquid form, making it easier to burn.
- As one can tell from the name, these are manufactured fuels.
- A synthetically produced form of natural gas, where the gaseous state is now a liquid, used for more convenient transportation.
- However, it is highly volatile.
- A cartel consisting of the governments of twelve oil rich countries, primarily Middle Eastern states.
- In the 1970's, OPEC's Arab members cut off their supply of oil to the US as a response to the USA's support of Israel.
- The result was an energy crisis like no other before it.
- After the 1973 Arab oil embargo, the USA drilled the Alaskan oil reserves, and created the pipeline to transport the oil to the rest of the USA, as a means of reducing its dependence on OPEC oil.
- A US oil monopoly from the 19th century, founded by John D Rockefeller.
- Largest oil company in the world at the time, has since broken into 4 smaller companies: Chevron, Exxon, Mobil and Amoco.
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