General Psychology Chapter 9 The Lifespan Perspective Erikson?s Psychosocial Stages (p.305) Adolescence Identity Vs. Role Confusion ?Storm & Stress? Physical Changes-timing of puberty Teen Pregnancy Educational impairment Economic issues Marital Difficulties Parental Relationships The Peer Group Emerging Adulthood Early & Middle Adulthood (has a lot to do with financial independence, not really age) Physical Changes Primary aging- (kinda happens when you get older) presbyopia (when you have to get glasses), menopause; secondary-result of poor health habits and lifestyle choices Formal Operations: Abstract thinking- Hypothetical deductive reasoning (you?re able to look at the pros and cons of an argument) Intellectual Abilities The Impact of College Attendance Gender gap in colleges: more women than men attending college. (Women have more verbal skills, and colleges focus on that. Self discipline) Lifestyle Patterns Singles (more older people and others living by themselves) Cohabitating couples (living together without being married. Separation would cause an emotional trauma) Marriage (government doesn?t really promote it ex. Raising taxes on married couples) Divorce (can affect kids future relationships) Parenthood Middle age myths (empty nest) Careers (a lot of productivity happens in 40?s and 50?s, more experience) Later Adulthood (Stereotypes about later adulthood-p. 324) Physical changes (90% live alone, 90% are above the poverty level, 76% work part-time) Most have good health A lot more centurions Cognitive changes (crystallized Vs. fluid intelligence) Brain not working as fast Crystallized- Progresses throughout a persons life, accumulated knowledge. Fluid Intelligence has to do with abstract reasoning and flexible ability, declines. Alzheimer?s disease Loses memory (HIPPOCAMPUS) and bring up things that don?t really happen and get confused. Social development & adjustment in later adulthood People over 65 are really well adjusted, best part in life, financially stable, kids are grown and enjoying grandkids. Death of spouse- can be devastating to the one who loses the spouse. Common to die after you spouse dies. Cultural differences in care for the elderly America- We just put them in a nursing home. Most cultures are expected to take care of the elderly in their home. Might be considered a disgrace if you put them in a nursing home. Death & Dying Kubler Ross Theory of dying- interviews about 200 people that are dying. Different stages people go through: Denial: Don?t believe that they are going to die Anger: When the reality of the pending death takes place Bargaining: Ask God to allow them to live another year, or do anything that they want them to do Depression: desperate feeling that your life is going to end Acceptance: accept the death as reality Decisions about death Hospice The living will: states your wishes in means of life support Terri Schievo Bereavement The grieving process (people grieve in different ways)
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