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Kansas State University
GEOG 100 Exam 1 Review
GEOG 100 Exam 1 Review
Kansas State University
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The World Today, Study Guide: Concepts and Regions in Geography
What influence to Muslims have on Europe?
They are spread all throughout Europe. Many are in Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, and Bosnia & Herzegovina.
What are the general characteristics of Europe?
It is west of the Urals. It is in the western extremity of Eurasia. Small size: 3% of all land surface. Europe is basically a greater peninsula fringed by lesser peninsulas and islands.
a cultural entity
area of political divisions and boundary changes (fracturing/splintering) due to its internal variety and conflict as well as pressures from the outside
Define buffer zone.
a group of weak countries separating two powerful forces
fragmentation of a region into smaller, often hostile political units
international cooperation involving the voluntary participation of three or more nations in an economic/political/cultural association
process by which local peoples desire less rules by their national governments and seek greater authority in governing themselves
the desire to gain control over lost territories or territories perceived to belong rightfully to a group (similar to nationalism)
Define ethnic cleaning.
forcible ouster of the entire population from their homeland by a stronger power bent on taking their territory
What are the implications of an interdependent, globalizing world?
What happens elsewhere in the world will accept us directly or indirectly. In order to understand ourselves, we must understand others as well.
"Made in America" means very little anymore.
Define nation without a country.
How many countries are there in the world?
What is the world's largest country by population? By area?
What is the world's newest independent country?
What is the approximate total population of the world?
Of the United States?
What are the characteristics of an elongated state?
Long and narrow. Inefficient. Diverse in climate and resources and people. not good for national cohesion or economic growth.
Example: Norway, Chile, Vietname
How much of the world is population is white? Non-white? Christian? Non-Christian? Malnourished?
What are the five shapes of countries?
compact, prorupt, elongated, fragmented, perforated
What are the characteristics of a compact state?
Circular with the capital in the center. Efficient. Little expenditure on roads/highways. Shortest border to defend.
Example: Zimbabwe, Uruguay
What are the characteristics of a prorupt state?
Compact with two or more narrow extensions. Peninsular. Buffer zone. Water access.
Example: Thailand, Afganistan
What are the characteristics of a fragmented state?
Composed entirely of islands OR
combo of islands and mainland OR
territory separated by another state
Example: Japan, Philippines, US, Indonesia
What are the characteristics of a perforated state?
Completely surrounded by a territory they did not rule
Example: Lesotho (by S Africa), San Marino (by Italy)
What are the countries of eastern Europe?
Russia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia, Bosnia & Herzegovina
What recent changes have occurred in east Europe?
1991: The Soviet Union fell apart and fifteen new countries were formed
1990: Germany reunited
1993: Czechoslovakia dissolved
Yugoslavia fell apart into seven countries
What countries are a part of the former Yugoslavia?
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia (Kosovo), Montenegro
What are the characteristics of eastern Europe?
Between west Europe and the former Soviet Union.
1/3 the size of west Europe.
Less prosperous and urbanized.
What are the five fundamental themes in geography and their meaning?
1. Where is a place located?
2. What makes a place special?
3. RElationships between humans and their environment?
4. Patterns of movement?
5. How can the place be divided into regions for study?
What do geographers do and what questions do they ask?
Geographers study the 'why of where'.
What countries are in Scandinavia?
Norway, Sweden, Finland
What are the reasons of European integration?
Many nations are small and have little power. Uniting with others provides more resources and opportunities.
What is Benelux?
The term used to recognize the working relationship of Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
What are the names of the micro states of Europe and where are they located?
Andorra, Malta, Lichtenstein, San Marino, Monaco, Vatican City, SMOM
They are located within other countries.
What are the two climates of Europe?
Marine and mediterranean climates.
What are characteristics of Europe's marine climate?
Summer: cool and moist
Winter: mild and moist
North of the Alps, lush green landscape
What are characteristics of Europe's Mediterranean climate?
Summer: clear, dry, hot, sunny
Winter: moderately moist and mild
South, also called dry summer subtropical climate
What are the four physical subdivisions of Europe?
Great European Plain
What are the characteristics of the NW highland? What is its agricultural potential?
Volcanism, lakes and fjords, rich in minerals, thinly settled.
Limited agricultural potential.
What are the characteristics of the great European plain? What is its agricultural potential?
Broad, gently rolling lowland, many large rivers, wide range of resources, very prosperous and developed.
Great agricultural potential.
TermWhat were the major events of European unification?
Post WWI - Pan European agreement
1949: Council of Europe
1957: Inner 6
1959: Outer 7
1973: The 9 UK, Denmark, Ireland
1981: The 10: Greece`
1986: The 12 Spain, Portugal
1991: Decide to form EU
1993: Formally form EU
1995: The 15: Austria, Finland, Sweden
What countries were a part of the Inner Six?
West Germany, France, Germany, Benelux
What countries were a part of the Outer Seven?
UK, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Denmark, Portugal, Austria
What challenges is Europe facing with integration?
12 official languages. Britain is highly resistant. Three EU countries won't adopt the euro. There has been resistance to the metric system and the English language.
Define guest workers.
Workers who leave one country to do work in another country, but are expected to eventually return to their home country.
What are the three major traits of all Europeans?
2. Speak an Indo-European language
3. Have a religious tradition of Christianity
A politically organized territory that engages in external diplomacy.
Often it includes states and/or nations within its borders.
A politically organized territory, most often subject to higher governmental authority.
A country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity.
What are the characteristics of the Central Uplands? What is their agricultural potential?
Hilly with rugged plateau surfaces, moderately high, heavily forested, important mineral deposits, important river settlements.
Not as prosperous as the Great European Plain.
What are the characteristics of the Alpine System? What is its agricultural potential?
Pyrenees. Carpathian or Transylvanian Alps. Dinaric Alps. "The Alps".
High and rugged with peaks that are higher than 10,000 ft. Has volcanoes and quakes, hydroelectricity. Not densely populated.
Limited ag. potential. Vineyards, orchards, olive trees.
What is geography?
It studies how things differ between different places and why they are different.
"To describe the earth"
What is absolute location?
Longitude and latitude coordinates
What is relative location?
Where something is, as compared to something else.
What is meant by longitude and latitude?
Latitude measures how far north or south something is from the equator.
Longitude measures how far eat or west something is from the Prime Meridian
What are physical and human characteristics of a place?
Physical: environment, landforms, climate, flora/fauna
Human: economy, who lives there, culture (religion, language, etc.)
What are the general pattens of language and religion in Europe?
East: Slavic/Eastern Orthodox
South/West: Romanic/Roman Catholic
What indicators are used to measure development?
(answer not found)
What countries are in the core area of Europe?
Benelux, France, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark
UK, Sweden, Poland, Slovakia, Italy, Spain
What are the ethic conflicts in Eastern Europe?
(answer not found)
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