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According to cultural theorist Raymond Williams, _____ is one of the two or three most complicated words in the English language.
Canadian geographer Edward Relph proposes that popular culture produces a profound ____, a spatial standardization that diminishes regional variety and demeans the human spirit.
In three of the following states, fast food sales make up over 50% of restaurant sales. In which state do fast food sales make up under 35%?
The authors of your text state that “Gone is the intimate association between people and _____ known by our folk ancestors. Gone, too, is our direct vulnerability to many environmental forces…”
Four of the following are roles that geographers play in the modern world. Which of the following is not a role that geographers play?
all of these are roles that geographers play in the modern world
An example of folk architecture is the _____, commonly inhabited by African-Americans after the civil war. It is narrow and long with a door at each end.
Folk cultures are characterized by mass-produced goods, cash economy, mass media and weak family structure
Folk culture diffuses more rapidly than popular culture.
The establishment and spread of Wal-Mart in the United States is an example of reverse hierarchical
Government censorship is one type of barrier to the spread of particular types of music and other types of popular culture.
The concept of landscapes of consumption is used by Robert Sachs, an internationally-acclaimed economist at Columbia University.
A city located at 29o North is located in the zone of the Tropics.
According to Wilbur Zelinsky, the most effective device for diffusion in popular culture in word of mouth.
It is a known fact that the agricultural practices of indigenous groups are highly destructive in terms of the natural environment.
The Yanomami of Brazil, due to a dramatic decline in their numbers, could be considered a _____.
threatened culture group
A small, cohesive, stable, isolated, nearly self-sufficient group that is homogeneous in custom and race.
This is when a single culture trait is important in a variety of ways within a culture group; e.g. corn and cacao in the Mayan culture
This is a term used for all physical, tangible objects made and used by members of a cultural group and includes things like clothing, buildings, furniture and artwork
This is a term for a livelihood system that provides only basic food, clothing, and shelter requirements. Little or nothing is produced for sale
This is a culture group that constitutes the original inhabitants of a territory, distinct from the dominant national culture, which is often derived from colonial occupation.
This is a single, observable aspect of culture, such as the beads worn by a member of the Masaai of Africa.
This occurs when there is an adoption by an ethnic group of enough of the ways of the host society to be able to function economically and socially.
This is a term for highly localized knowledge about environmental conditions and sustainable land-use practices.
indigenous technical knowledge
In four of the following states, over 25% of the population is Hispanic. What state has a population that is less than 25% Hispanic?
Finnish people moving from a cold, lake-studded, coniferous forest zone in Europe to a similar environment in the North Woods of Wisconsin is an example of _____.
The horse and buggy of the local Mennonite population is an excellent example of ____.
the visible aspect of ethnicity
The fact that some native residents of Harrisonburg now eat pad thai at the local Thai restaurant is an example of _____.
Geographer Daniel Arreola believes in diachronic inquiry. He says that “ ‘to understand a contemporary place almost always necessitates an appreciation of a _____ for that place.’”
Rapid urbanization and deindustrialization in parts of the developed world are two of a number of strong forces for cultural change in the future.
Race and ethnicity can be used interchangeably because they mean the same thing.
A little over 800,000 Iraqis have been displaced by the conflict that originated with the U.S. invasion.
The New England states of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont have a large percentage of black citizens as a result of migration of liberated slaves to that state after the Civil War.
The genocide in Rwanda had its origin, in part, in the European colonial perception that shorter, darker Hutus were inferior.
The process by which immigrant ethnic groups lose aspects of their traditional culture in the process of settling overseas, creating a new culture that is less complex than the old.
A small ethnic area in the rural countryside; sometimes called a “folk island.”
Traditionally, an area within a city where an ethnic group lives, either by choice or by force. Today in the United States, the term typically indicates an impoverished African-American urban neighborhood.
The tendency of people to migrate along channels, over a period of time, from specific source areas to specific destinations.
Poor or inadequate adaptation that occurs when a group pursues an adaptive strategy that, in the short run, fails to provide the necessities of life or, in the long run, destroys the environment that nourishes it.
Customary behaviors associated with food preparation and consumption.
A type of ethnic diffusion that involves the voluntary movement of a group of migrants back to its ancestral or native country or homeland.
A sizeable area inhabited by an ethnic minority that exhibits a strong sense of attachment to the region and often exercises some measure of political and social control over it.
A voluntary community where people of like origin reside by choice.
The complete blending of an ethnic group into the host society, resulting in the loss of all distinctive ethnic traits
The Kurdish ethnic group has been persecuted for many years. They are considered a "stateless nation" as they have no country of their own.
The end of the "Democratic Spring", years of dictatorship and 35 years of civil war resulted in thousands of refugees from this country.
Through a lottery system or through filing for refugee status in the U.S., many have left this Communist country and started in new life of freedom.
Ethnic cleansing in this southern part of the former Yugoslavia resulted in many refugees.
Millions were forced to flee this country when the U.S. invaded in order to topple a cruel dictator.
In the ____ stage of the Demographic Transition, population is explosive as a result of high birth rates and declining death rates.
Which of the following world regions is NOT one of the most densely populated regions in the world?
Which pair of countries listed below shares the same tropical island, an island that has suffered extreme ecological and demographic catastrophe due to overpopulation in one of the countries?
What has caused the greatest voluntary relocation of people in world history over the past 200 years?
When talking about the origin and spread of HIV/AIDS, which of the following is false?
the earliest cases in the U.S. were linked to vacationers in Africa that had eaten bushmeat while on Safari
“Homo sapiens most likely evolved in ____.”
“Americans, who make up less than 5% of the global population, account for about ___% of the natural resources consumed globally each year."
“ZPG” is defined as the point at which there is no longer growth in a population.
Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the world regions in which many countries have very youthful populations (40% or more under the age of fifteen)
“IMR” stands for industrialized migration relocation
An example of political factors shaping the cultural-demographic landscape is the case of ethnic cleansing being carried out by the Sudanese government through Arab militias known as Janjaweed against pastoralist ethnic groups in the Darfur region of the country.
The number one way to reduce the fertility rate in the country is to hand out contraceptives.
Falling fertility rates around the world have caused at least one demographer to state that the population explosion is over.
Geographers play vital roles in understanding contemporary diseases by mapping the diffusion of these diseases.
Modern-day believers in the idea that overpopulation is the root cause of poverty, illness and warfare.
The number of births per 1000 of the population per year.
The rapid and continuing increase of the world’s population mostly since 1900.
The maximum number of people that can be supported in a specific area
The amount of space that individuals feel “belongs” to them as they move about their everyday business.
Favorable or unfavorable conditions that influence migration and other diffusion elements.
A development measure that reflects literacy, life expectancy, education and wealth in a country.
A change in population growth that occurs when a nation moves from rural/agricultural society with high birth and deaths rates to an industrialized one in which birth and death rates decline
The number of people in a specific area of land, defined by a measurement of arable land in sq mi or sq km.
The numerical proportion of males to females in a population.
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