Mrs. Hartsock Name:___________________________ FWLC 14 September 13, 2011 Gilgamesh, Archetypal Hero, and Epic Cycle Test Who are Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell? Please write out your answer. 2 pts. What are archetypes ? Circle the best answer. 1pt. A recurring pattern of images, situations, or symbols found in the mythology, religion, art, and dreams of cultures around the world. Overarching ideas that go across foreign nations. Categories of books that are studied to understand social networks. A dramatic convention meant to trace themes in various plays over time What of the following is the official definition of an epic poem? Circle the best answer. 1 pt. A poem that is retold over and over and is exceptionally long and modern. An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, and heroic episodes and written in a high style. A literary term that refers to the use of repetition and images to convey ideas Which of the following are qualities of an epic poem? Answer a, b, c, or d below. 1 pt. The main character or protagonist is heroically larger than life, often the source and subject of legend or a national hero The deeds of the hero are presented without favoritism, revealing his failings as well as his virtues The action, often in battle, reveals the more-than-human strength of the heroes as they engage in acts of heroism and courage The setting covers several nations, the whole world, or even the universe Long, formal speeches by important characters Journey to the underworld Use of the number three (attempts are made three times, etc.) Previous episodes in the story are later recounted All of the above 1 through 4 5 through 8 2, 4, 7, and 8 Choose the best answer. 1 pt. The author of Gilgamesh is: Anonymous Joseph Campbell Mark Twain Humbaba Shamash Choose the best answer. 1 pt. The story of Gilgamesh: was crafted and reworked by various Mesopotamian cultures including the Sumerians, Akkadians, and Babylonians was written down on twenty-two stone tablets and housed in Syria was passed down through generation and only written in the 20th century was crafted and written by Homer who also wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey Fill-in-the-Blank. 2 points each (for 18 pts total). Use the letters below (a through m) to fill in the blank in the summary of the story of Gilgamesh for #7-20. Flood Bull of Heaven Gilgamesh Death Utanapishtim Uruk Illness Earliest Immortality stone Enkidu Humbaba Cedar The Epic of (7.) __________________________is the story of King Gilgamesh of (8.)_____________who oppresses his people. As punishment, the gods send him a companion, (9.)______________, who is his mirror image and becomes his good friend. Together, Gilgamesh and his friend defy the gods by killing the giant (10.)_______________, cutting down the sacred (11.)____________forest which he guards, and killing the(12.)__________________. Enkidu has ominous dreams of the destiny of tyrants who become slaves in the House of (13.)__________________. Enkidu finally dies of a/an (14.)____________sent by the gods. Horrified by Enkidu's death and the prospect of his own demise, Gilgamesh undertakes a quest for (15.) __________________which brings him to the abode of (16.)____________________, a virtuous man who obeys the gods and was saved by them from the Great (17.)_________________. Utnapishtim puts Gilgamesh to various tests which he fails and eventually sends him away, assuring him that he cannot escape death. A humbled Gilgamesh returns home and orders his story to be inscribed in (19.)_______________. Gilgamesh is the (20.)__________________known literary work. 1 pt. unless otherwise noted… 21. What kind of king is Gilgamesh? How is he first described to us? A tyrant who oppresses his people A holy man who consults the gods A wise sage who rules with fairness A fierce warrior who protects his city 22. Why did the gods create Enkidu? To defeat and overthrow Gilgamesh To stop Gilgamesh from finding a bride To be a counterforce to Gilgamesh To prevent Gilgamesh from destroying them 23. What did the trapper/hunter do after first seeing Enkidu? Started a fire to drive the creature away Warned the people in the village of a monster Set larger traps to catch this beast Told his father he had seen a giant man 24. How did the animals react to Enkidu after he was visited by the temple priestess? Attacked him and drove him into the woods Appointed him as their protector from hunters Rejected him and no longer regarded him as kin Asked him to lead them to find food and water 25. What objects are featured in Gilgamesh's dreams prior to meeting Enkidu? A meteor and an axe A bull and a cart A sword and a shield A mountain and a lion 26. What was Gilgamesh doing that angered Enkidu to challenge him to a fight? Collecting heavy taxes from farmers Enslaving peasants for his own amusement Sleeping with newly married brides Putting the elderly of the city to death 27. What did Gilgamesh propose that he and Enkidu do to gain fame and recognition? Climb the mountains of Mashu Journey to the Cedar Forest to defeat Humbaba Cross the Euphrates to conquer Shurrupak Liberate Mesopotamia from the rule of Ea 28. What did Ninsun do before Gilgamesh and Enkidu left on their quest? Prayed for their safety Told them a cautionary tale Obtained weapons for use Packed food for them 29. What did Gilgamesh and Enkidu do upon hearing Humbaba's bellowing in the forest? Encouraged each other not to be afraid Hid behind some bushes until he passed Called him out to face them in battle Mimicked his voice to confuse him 30. What did Shamhash do to Humbaba to aid Gilgamesh and Enkidu? Bound him with thirteen winds Fed him four herbs to poison his heart Told his seven disciples to block out the sun Summoned ten birds to peck out his eyes 31. What did Humbaba do before he was beheaded? Gave Ishtar instructions in the event of his death Pleaded with Enlil for assistance Cursed Gilgamesh and Enkidu Said a prayer to Anu for forgiveness 32. Why did Gilgamesh reject the Goddess Ishtar? Because he knew how she treated other lovers Because he wished to take a vow of celibacy Because he had already selected another woman Because he wanted to focus on starting a family 33. What did Ishtar do after being rejected by Gilgamesh? Sought romantic advice from Utnapishtim Asked Anu to punish him immediately Visited Shamhash to acquire poison Threatened to make Ninsun very sick 34. What did the Bull of Heaven do to the city of Uruk? Brought about a drought Destroyed the temple walls Trampled all the city's crops Unleashed a deadly plague 35. Prior to his death Enkidu has a dream in which he is taken to the underworld. How does he describe the underworld to Gilgamesh? A kingdom of grief A house of dust A land of despair A valley of decay 36. What did Gilgamesh decide to do after Enkidu's death? Take his own life to end his suffering Challenge the gods to battle him in war Learn about the secret of immortality Relinquish his throne and live in the wild 37. What did Siduri (the alewife) do upon first meeting Gilgamesh? Drove him from her home with a sword Challenged him to solve a difficult riddle Instructed him to cross a dangerous bridge Discouraged him from continuing his quest 38. Where does Siduri say Gilgamesh can find Urshanabi? The bottom of the sea On an island Atop a mountain Inside a cave 39. What did Gilgamesh do after Enkidu passed away? Drank excessively and fought a demon Took spiritual vows and lived in the forest Swore to avenge the death of his friend Tore his clothes and wore animal skin 40. What does Gilgamesh decide he must do in order to gain immortality? Visit Utanapishtim to hear the flood story Return home to build a temple Visit the gods to ask their permission Marry Ishtar finally _______________/45 pts so far. Answer the following questions in as much detail as possible. Please write complete sentences. 4 pts each for complete sentence, accuracy, quality, and insight. According to the prologue, what combination of god and man is Gilgamesh? What happens when Gilgamesh and Enkidu first meet? Why does Utanapishtum ask his wife to bake loaves of bread? Why do the goods want to destroy humanity? After telling the story of the flood, what mysterious gift does Utanapishtim direct Gilgamesh to find? _______________/20 pts. Essay Portion Choices. 35 points total. Answer in well-developed paragraph(s) format on a separate sheet of paper. You must have an intro, conclusion, thesis, transitions, and solid examples from the text to prove each point. Choose one. A good answer will last about a page. Option One: What sort of a king is Gilgamesh? Is he liked by his people? What is the meaning of the figure of Enkidu? Why is he said to have come into being? For what purpose? Does he succeed in that purpose? Option Two: What is the attitude of the epic toward Nature (forests, animals, wild life, etc)? What is the attitude toward the destruction and neglect of Nature (as for example in the cutting down of Humbaba's cedar forest and Enkidu's abandonment of his former life in another forest)? Option Three: What is the meaning of the gods? What functions do they play in the story? What is their relationship to human beings? How do gods differ from and how are they similar to human beings? Why is Gilgamesh said to be two-thirds god? What does that suggest about the processes by which gods are created/envisioned by the human imagination? How is the literary narrative and story-telling in general connected to those processes? Option Four: In what ways does Gilgamesh fit the epic or archetypal hero cycle and traits? Explain at least 4 with examples and details. ___________________/35 pts.