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what type of cases does the texas supreme court hear?
which court in texas has automatic jurisdiction over all death penalty cases?
the court of criminal appeals
statutory probate courts are designed to
assist in issues concerning the dispersion of property of deceased persons
justice of peace courts handle which kind of disputes?
a ______ case is one that calls for the death penalty
why does it typically cost more money to win a seat on the texas supreme than a seat on the court of criminal appeals
there are few interest groups that contribute money to the criminal appeals court candidates campaign which keeps the cost of the election down
what is the most important part of a judicial candidate's campaign in texas?
what is the particular problem in judicial elections know as the "name game"?
many voters will vote for a judicial candidate whose name they are familiar with, even if they know nothing about the candidate
what is the reason that there are few minority judges in texas ?
all of the above
the majority of cases in municipal court involve
traffic and parking violations
the texas judicial campaign fairness act
limits the amount of campaign contributions a judicial candidate can receive from an individual donor
which of the following best describes capital punishment in texas
texas executes more individuals that any other state and has a statically low rate of successfully appealed capital cases.
what is the process for granting clemency in texas
the governor must follow the recommendations of the texas board of pardons and paroles
which of the following best describes the incarceration rate in texas, compared to that in other states
texas incarceration rate is amont the top two state incarceration rates
the collection of taxes and other state revenues is the responsibility of the
comptroller of public accounts
which of the following is the best definition of a dedicated fund?
portions of the state budget that are mandated to be spent in specific ways such as for medicaid payments
what is the greatest source of revenue for texas
which of the following is not taxed in texas
all of the above are taxed in texas
which of the following was not part of the Gilmer-Aikin laws passed in 1949?
the state made its first attempt at school desegregation
as it pertains to texas what is the robin hood policy
a programs designed to equalize school funding by transferring funds from wealthy to poor schools
during the 1980s what controversial policy did the education committee SCOPE, headed by H. Ross Perot, recommend?
a "no pass, no play" policy for student athletes
how did education reforms in texas in the 1990s differ form those in the 1980s?
reforms in the 1990s gave back more autonomy to local school districts
one common criticism of TAKS testing is that
too much class time is spent "teaching to the test"
in the mid 1990s, growing discontent over welfare policy across the country encourage many states, including texas to seek _____so that they could...
what is the best explanation for the drop in the number of texans on welfare in the late 1990s
the booming economy and the rising demands for all types of labor
the 8F crowd was
a loose but influential group of texas businessmen
which of the following is not a reason that interest groups are useful to politicians
interest groups provide politicians with an agenda on which they may run for office
the largest and most effective public employee interest group is the
one important way for interest groups to gain access to those in texas government is to employ ___ as lobbyist
former legislators and government officials
lobbyist can do all of the following, except
lobbyist do all of the above
what is the problem speaker sam rayburn identified with the "steak men" at the beginning of the twentieth century
they were legislators who would "sell" their votes on a bill for free steak dinners
when individuals or interest groups take out ads concerning a campaign issue but do not tie them directly to any particular candidate, it is called
what is the function of EMILY'S list
it provides early campaign funding for female candidates
individuals are most likely to successfully lobby government when they
are not challenged by powerful organized interest groups
what is the yearly salary of a texas representative
less than 7,500
which of the following statements about the texas legislature is incorrect?
only the senate has the constitutional authority to launch investigations into problems concerning the state
in texas why is governor's post adjournment veto so powerful
it cannot be overturned by the legislature
which of the following is not a legislative power of the texas governor
removing for suitable causes the speaker or lieutenant governor
how is the speaker of the texas house of representatives chosen?
the speaker is elected by the members of the house
what unconventional action did the texas legislature take in 2003
it redistricted a second time in a single decade
which of the following is not a requirement to be governor of texas
you must have been born in texas
what is the most significant and far reaching of the texas governors powers
the power to appoint boards and commissions
which of the following is the best example of the texas governors exercise of senatorial courtesy
the governor will not appoint someone to office unless that appointee's state senator agrees
the texas governor has all of the following legislative powers except the power to
break tie votes in the senate
in texas, which officer in the plural executive is not elected by voters
the secretary of state
all of the following have been a lieutenant governor of texas except
almost one half of the attorney generals employees are involved in what government task
collecting child support payments
which state office was eliminated in 1994
authority over railroads throughout texas was given to the ____ in 2005
texas department of transportation
in texas who can write a bill?
anyone at all
in a federal system a majority of governmental responsibilities are
shared by both state and federal authorities
the full faith and credit clause of the constitution
requieres states to normally honor each others public acts and legal decisions
the ____ clause of the constitution requires that states should normally recognize the laws, acts and judicial decisions of other states
full faith and credit
gibbons v. ogden was important because it
established the supremacy of the national government in all matters affecting interstate commerce
during the great depression, a camp of unemployed individuals who had lost their homes was referred to as
when the national government appropriates money to the states but simultaneously demands the authority to dictate its distribution this money is....
grant in aid
when the national government funds a project that is actually implemented by the states it is an example of
what was a major reason for the declining importance of state governments during the 1960s
the national government distrusted states due to racism in the south
federal officials seeking to give state government more authority are most likely to support
many of the debates concerning federalism reflect
differing views about the ultimate goal of government itself
the alien and sedition acts were
federalist attempts to silence the republican press
which statement is correct
more local news reporters than national reporters are inclined to give politicians positive coverage
all of the following are reasons why reasons why newspaper reportage is critical except that
newspapers are the cheapest source of news
which governmental regulation provides candidates in the same political office equal opportunities to communicate their messages
the equal time rule
which of the following is not a conservative news source
the washington post
during the nineteenth century, newspapers were controlled by
from 1828 to 1860 the ____ party was the dominant force in the american politics
the new deal coalition was broken up by
the transition conservative southern made to the republican party
how many party systems has the united states had since 1789
an individuals psychological attachment to one party or another is called a party
which group is most likely to support the republican party
between the civil war and the 1960s the _____was a democratic stronghold
smaller and weaker parties are most likely to have electoral success under which system of elections
proportional representation system
if you voted for a republican for president and a democrat for senator you engaged in
split ticket voting
the result that is produced when voters cast a ballot for president and then automatically vote for the remainder of that party's candidates is calle
what is the government corporation
it is an agency that performs and charges for services usually provided by the private sector
how are ambassadors chosen?
they are selected by the president often as patronage for large campaign donations
the ___ is the center for military policy and management
joint chiefs of staff
the controversy over the patriot act reveals the complications of balancing
national security with the civil liberties of individuals
which scenario would most likely lead to a trial involving public law
a citizen accused the police of searching her house with a warrant
in most circumstances a supreme court is best described as an ____ court
when a case is resolved through a negotiated agreement before a fukk trial is complete it is called
a plea a bargain
there are ___ united states district courts
the written opinions of appellate courts have been described as halfway between ____ and _____
common law; statutory law
in roe v. wade the supreme court was required to rule on the issue of _____ due to fact that the pregnancy had already come to term
a person, agency or interest group not directly a party to a case but with an interest in its outcome may file a _____ brief
what is the significance of dissenting opinions
dissents are signs that the court is in disagreement on an issue and could charge its ruling
which of the following is not a traditional limitation on the power of the federal courts
the inability of the court to offer relief to whole classes of people
medicare is a ___ program; medicaid is a ___ program
how does an entitlement differ from a right
unlike an entitlement a right cannot be taken away by an act of congress
what do public opinions polls reveal about welfare policies
they are among the most disliked government programs
what controversial education policy was ruled constitutional by the supreme court in 2002
since the 1930s american employment and training programs have
fared poorly in terms of both expenses and results
which of the following was created during the new deal
works progress administration
when was the US public health service founded
which of the following least explains why the elderly receive a large share of social benefits
most members of congress are themselves elderly or soon will be
which of the following is not a reason single mothers are more than twice as likely as other americans to be below the property line
there have never been been lobbying groups for single mothers
what eighteenth-century politician warned americans against too much involvement with foreign nations
an agreement between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but lacks congressional approval is called
an executive agreement
When was NATO formed
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