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The Texas Constitution grants the most power to
Due to its large size, the Texas House of Representatives
The Texas state legislature meets regularly every
Members of the Texas House serve for ____ years.
Before the 1960s, _____ were overrepresented in the Texaslegislature.
____ are currently overrepresented in the Texas legislature.
Regular sessions of the state legislature last for
You must be a citizen and at least ____ years old to servein the Texas House of Representatives.
Which of the following statements about state legislativeelections is true?
Who is the most powerful person in the Texas Senate?
What is the fate of most bills introduced in thelegislature?
Members of the Texas Senate serve for ____ years.
What term best describes the Texas legislature?
Creating a realistic state budget is much more difficultwhen a legislature meets only during
What is the impact of low pay on the state legislature?
In the past, Texas employed multi-member districts in some areas. What is the impact of multi-member districts?
What is the role of the Legislative Redistricting Board?
What is the impact of majority-minority districts?
How does the redistricting process affect state legislative elections?
The speaker of the House who ushered in a new era ofpartisanship by assigning important committee positions only to Republican
members of the House was
The pay rate in the Texas legislature
In 2003, why did fifty-two Democrats go to Oklahoma?
What statement best describes the distribution of power in the state legislature?
How are committee chairs selected in the Texas House of Representatives?
What statement concerning referral is the MOST accurate?
Representative Patrick Rose blocked the passage of aredistricting bill, despite the fact that members in his constituency thoughtthat his actions were uncalled for. His actions are an example of a legislatorserving as a _______ to his constituents.
Next to the speaker and lieutenant governor, who holds themost power in the Texas legislature?
At what stage in the legislative process is it easiest toattach a rider to a bill?
A bill to change the formula for funding public schools inthe state of Texas would be placed on the _____ calendar.
In general, _____ redistricting is considered constitutionalby the courts, but _____ redistricting is considered unconstitutional
by the courts.
In order for the governor to be effective in office, he/shemust
In order to be elected governor, you must be ____ years ofage.
Which of the following is the profile of most Texasgovernors?
Which of the following offices is next in line of successionbehind the governor?
What is the result of an impeachment?
The majority of governors the United States can serve
How many Texas governors have served two or more consecutivefour-year terms?
When the governor makes appointments to various boards and commissions, _____ must approve.
Who is responsible for submitting the formal budget proposalto the state legislature?
How is the governor involved with the creation of the state budget?
Apart from the governor, how are most other leaders of the Texas executive branch selected?
Which of the following officials is responsible for theoversight of state-owned lands and veterans programs?
Which of the following is responsible for the regulation of the state's oil and natural gas industry?
In Texas, the governor and lieutenant governor
Which of the following describes the impeachment process?
The governor of Texas can serve
The governor of Texas may remove from office
All of the following make it difficult for the governor tocontrol the state bureaucracy EXCEPT
Which of the following is an example of the legislative powers granted to the Texas governor?
Which of the following is true about the Texas governor's line-item veto power?
The governor of Texas does not have either _____ veto or_____ veto powers.
If the legislature is out of session, what happens to a bill if the governor neither signs nor vetoes the bill after 20 days?
Which of the following is true about the governor's pardon power?
a) The governor can only issue pardons entirely onhis/her own authority.
b) The governor can commute sentences but not issuepardons.
c) The governor can grant parole but not issuepardons.
d) The governor can only issue pardons after arecommendation by the State Pardons Board.
The governor can grant one ____ reprieve to death rowinmates.
The Texas attorney general deals
Which of the following is not an elected official?
Most state government agencies are run by
The sunset review process
Which of the following statements is the most accurate?
A trial court has _____ judge(s), while an appeals court has ____ judge(s).
Magistrate or minor state courts usually handle
Most criminal cases at the county court level are
What is the highest appeals court in the state of Texas for criminal matters?
Most Texas judges are
Most criminal cases result in a
Which of the following courts deals with questions of fact?
What is an advantage in selecting judges by the merit system?
How can judges be removed from their positions?
The state of Texas imprisons people _____ most other states.
Death sentences and executions tend to be higher in ____ states.
Over the last 15 years or so, national and state crime rates
The vast majority of crimes are committed by
A majority of Texans believe the death penalty
When voters are poorly informed about the candidates in a judicial race, they tend to vote
a) a split ticket.
b) a straight-party ticket.
c) based on name recognition.
d) a straight-party ticket and vote based on name recognition.
What state court has jurisdiction over felonies?
County courts can hear appeals or requests for new trials from
If two large corporations sue one another over several million dollars, what state court has original jurisdiction?
Which of the following state judges are not elected?
Which of the following groups contributes the most money to state judicial candidates?
Campaign spending limits for state judicial races
County judges are elected at large. This system
How are vacancies filled in the Texas Supreme Court?
What is an advantage to appointing judges instead of electing them?
What is unique about a retention election?
What is the function of a grand jury?
Prisoners in the state of Texas
a) get longer sentences and serve more time than in most other states.
b) get longer sentences but serve less time than in most other states.
c) get shorter sentences but serve more time than in most other states.
d) get shorter sentences and serve less time than in most other states.
The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
a) reverses most death penalty convictions.
b) does not review death penalty cases, but the Texas Supreme Court does.
c) sets execution dates.
d) upholds most death penalty convictions.
As of 2008, ____ states did not employ the death penalty.
Public policies are the result of
In recent years, most of the growth in state expenditures has been driven by the increasing
The most common single source of revenue for state governments is
Which statement best describes the personal income tax system in Texas?
a) Texas has no form of personal income tax.
b) Texas charges the same amount of personal income tax per person, regardless of age.
c) Texas charges more personal income tax than any state in the south.
d) Texas charges a larger proportion of personal income tax to the wealthy as it does to the poor.
The excise tax on gasoline is an example of a tax based on ____ rather than on the ability to pay.
The federal income tax in the U.S. is based on
Compared to other states, Texas's tax structure
In Texas, the gap between how much men with college degrees and women with college degrees earn is
a) considerably smaller than in other states.
b) slightly small than in other states.
c) about the same as in other states.
d) larger than in other states.
The Texas legislature creates a budget ____ to cover a period of ____.
What is the current combined state and local sales tax rate in Texas?
Many states, including Texas, have tried in a variety of ways to limit and restrict
The number-one state in the production of destructive greenhouse gases is
In the past ten years, college tuition at Texas universities has
Where a state secures its revenue and how much it chooses to secure is reflected in its
Texas’s conservative approach to public policy is reflected in its approach to
Public policy is sometimes expressed as inaction, such as the Texas legislature’s refusal to match federal money for
Which of the following does NOT represent one of the "big three" expenditures for most state budgets?
Texas has a form of corporate "income tax" that is called a
Nontax revenue in Texas includes all of the following EXCEPT
A tax that takes a higher percentage of income from low-income persons is a
Many Texas cities have adopted water conservation programs as a result of
An income-elastic tax is one that rises or falls very quickly relative to changes in
What happened in Texas following Planned Parenthood v. Casey?
a) Texas increased low-income women's access to abortion clinics.
b) Texas outlawed last-term abortions.
c) Texas legislators submitted numerous bills requiring parental or spousal consent.
d) The Texas court system reversed Roe v. Wade.
Operating funds for higher education in Texas are
The fund(s) shared by the University of Texas and Texas A&M is/are called
In the Hopwood decision, federal courts ended affirmative action practices
The Texas Defense of Marriage Act
a) was passed in 1966.
b) is not supported by most Texans.
c) falls in line with the Full Faith and Credit provision of the U.S. Constitution.
d) is supported by many minority voters in Texas.
What is the main reason Texas is such a large contributor to pollution?
a) The nature of Texas politics and political culture does not support these efforts.
b) Texas law requires citizens to purchase cars with low gas mileage.
c) A healthy economy necessitates high energy usage.
d) Pollution is rightly viewed as a sign of prosperity.
In 1984, the Texas legislature created the ______, which provides funding to colleges and universities not included in the Permanent University Fund (PUF).
Revenues are fixed in three ways. Which of the following is not one?
Which level of government in America has the most impact on citizens?
What level of government is the least accessible to the ordinary citizen?
Local governments in Texas get their power and authority to govern from
The role of a city manager can be compared to the role of a(n) ______ in a business.
What is the most popular form of government among Texas cities?
City managers are selected by
Election systems in which all voters in the city elect the mayor and city council members ______ in city elections.
Most local governments hold _______ to elect local officials.
County governments are more noticeable and play a much bigger role in
Special districts (such as school districts or junior colleges) are
a) part of the city government.
b) part of the county government.
c) general purpose governments.
d) independent of city and county governments.
A special district (such as a school district or metropolitan transit district)
a) can never cross city or county lines.
b) provides services that no other unit of government exists to provide.
c) is only ever multipurpose.
d) is rarely considered an expedient way to solve a problem.
How are schools funded in the state of Texas?
Which of the following local governments has powers that extend beyond their formal boundaries to an adjacent area?
Which level of government has the most freedom and flexibility to govern?
Small cities with a population of 5,000 or more are more likely to be
Which of the following statements properly explains the process of incorporating a city?
a) An amendment must be added to the state constitution.
b) City officials must be elected and a city charter adopted at the same time.
c) Local citizens petition the state, and then voters must approve the creation of the city.
d) City officials must be elected, and then a charter must be adopted by local voters.
What does extra-territorial jurisdiction allow cities to do?
a) annex areas outside the edge of a city
b) create special districts
c) issue charters to cities in the suburbs
d) hold elections outside city limits
Under a council-manager system,
a) cities do not have a mayor.
b) the mayor is not a member of the city council.
c) the mayor has veto power.
d) the mayor presides over the city council.
In most large cities in Texas, mayors are elected in _____ elections, and most city council members are elected in _____ elections.
a) at-large; at-large
b) single-member district; single-member district
c) single-member district; at-large
d) at-large; single-member district
Which of the following governments is the official record keeper for the state of Texas?
The umbrella corporation that represents elected county officials is the
The county judge is elected in _____ elections, and the county commissioners are elected in _____ elections.
The county commissioners court in reality
What is the primary source of revenue for the county?
Which of the following reforms has been suggested for county government?
Which of the following describes the recent trend in school districts?
a) There are more school districts being added, due to population growth.
b) There are fewer school districts today than there were twenty years ago due to consolidation.
c) Many school districts have merged with county governments.
d) Many school districts have merged with city governments.
City governments in Texas
a) can pass laws and ordinances that conflict with or ignore state laws.
b) are technically municipal corporations.
c) have all adopted home-rule charters.
d) usually include numerous special districts.
Which of the following is the most pressing issue facing public education in Texas today?
a) the overhaul of the state testing system
b) court mandated cuts in classroom size
c) a lack of qualified teachers for bilingual education
d) the school funding crisis
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