popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, federalism division of power
powers are stated in constitution
powers are implied but not stated
belong to the government because they always have
changes words in constitution, vote by 2/3 congress passed by 3/4 state, proposed by 3/4 congress ratified by 3/4 state, proposed at a national convention at request of 2/3 senate and ratified by 3/4 states
doesn't change wording of constitution
constitution does not grant to the gov but doesn't deny it to the states
powers given to both national and state govs
powers given to the nat gov by the constitution
a group that tries to persuade officials for their interests and don't appeal to public.
30 years old, 9 years a citizen
house of representatives qualification
25 years old, 7 years a citizen
35 years old, natural born citizen
necessary and proper clause
clause that states laws can be made as long as they pertain to a certain part int the constitution
remaking district lines to please government officials and get them reelected.
making a pact between the executive branch and a foreign head of state. doesn't require congress' consent
cases are only heard in federal court
cases heard in both state (first) and fed (second) courts
the first court that the case is heard in.
a court that hears the appeal from a lower court
Atkins v virginia
ruled death penalty for mentally challenged humans cruel and unusual.
bethel v frasier
ruled constitutional for the school to limit vulgar language
furman v georgia
ruled cruel and unusual to use death penalty in a discriminatory fashion
Gregg v Georgia
ruled that the death penalty is cruel however not unusual
hazel wood v kuhlmeier
ruled school speech can be censored as long as it is part of the curriculum.
illinois v perkins
no need for miranda rights because according to the prisoner there is not threat of the government. he didn't know the cop was a cop.
marbury v madison
miranda v arizona
police now have to read miranda rights.
morse v frederick
he can be punished for promoting the use of drugs.
new your v quarles
public safety over rules miranda rights
reno v aclu
established adult speech on the internet as protected under first amendment rights.
rhode island v innes
mirand only takes affect when direct interrogation occurs
Roper V simmons
death penalty for juveniles is unconstitutional
tinker v desmoines
established free political speech in school
trop v Dulles
taking away citizenship is unconstitutional according to 8th amendment. cruel and unusual to revoke citizenship.
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