to reduce in amount, degree, or severity *As the hurricane's force ABATED, the winds dropped and the sea became calm
to leave secretly *The patron ABSCONDED from the restaurant without paying his bill by sneaking out the back door
-an extremely deep hole *The submarine dove into the ABYSS to chart the previously unseen depths
-to make impure *The restaurateur made his ketchup last longer by ADULTERATING it with water
-concerning the appreciation of beauty *Followers of the AESTHETIC movement regarded the pursuit of beauty as the only true purpose of art.
To increase in power, influence and reputation *The supervisor sought to AGGRANDIZE herself by claiming that the achievements of her staff were actually her own.
to combine; to mix together *Giant Industries AMALGAMATED with Mega Products to form Giant-Mega Products Incorporated.
-to annoy or provoke to anger *The child discovered that he could ANTAGONIZE the cat by pulling its tail
-extreme dislike *The ANTIPATHY between the french and the english regularly erupted into open warfare
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties *Since the couple could not come to agreement, a judge was forced to ARBITRATE their divorce proceedings
-ancient, old-fashioned *Her ARCHAIC Commodore computer could not run the latest software
-intense and passionate feeling *Bishop's ARDOR for landscape was evident when he passionately described the beauty of the scenic Hudson Valley
-to reduce in force or degree; to weaken *The Bill of Rights ATTENUATED the traditional power of government to change laws at will
-fearless and daring *Her AUDACIOUS nature allowed her to fulfill her dream of skydiving
-severe or stern in appearance; undecorated *The lack of decoration makes Zen temples seem AUSTERE to the untrained eye.
-predictable, cliched, boring *He used BANAL phrases like "Have a nice day"
-impartial and honest in speech *The observations of a child can be charming since they are CANDID and unpretentious
Changing one's mind quickly and often *Queen Elizabeth I was quite capricious; her courtiers could never be sure which of their number would catch her fancy.
-to punish or criticize harshly *Americans are amazed at how harshly the authorities in Singapore CASTIGATE perpetrators of what would be considered minor crimes in the U.S.
-biting in wit *Dorothy Parker gained her reputation for CAUSTIC wit from her cutting, yet clever, insults
-someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs *The attitude that men are inherently superior to women and therefore must be obeyed is common among male CHAUVINISTS
-deception by means of craft or guile *Dishonest used car sale people often use CHICANERY to sell their beat-up old cars
-convincing and well-reasoned *Swayed by the cogent argument of the defense, the jury had no choice but to acquit the defendant.
-to overlook, pardon, or disregard *Some theorists believe that failing to prosecute minor crimes is the same as CONDONING an air of lawlessness
-intricate and complicated *Although many people bought "A Brief History of Time," few could follow its convoluted ideas and theories.
-to provide supporting evidence *Fingerprints CORROBORATED the witness's testimony that he saw the defendant in the victim's apartment.
-too trusting; gullible *Although some 4 year olds believe in the Easter Bunny, only the most CREDULOUS 9 year olds also believe in him.
-steadily increasing volume or force *The CRESCENDO of tension became unbearable as Evel Knievel prepared to jump his motorcycle over the school buses.
-appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety *The countess complained that the vulger peasants lacked the DECORUM appropriate for a visit to the palace.
respect, courtesy *The respectful young law clerk treated the Supreme Court justice with the utmost DEFERENCE.
to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock *The awkward child was often DERIDED by his "cooler" peers,
-to dry out thoroughly *After a few weeks of lying on the desert's baking sands, the cow's carcass became completely DESICCATED.
-jumping from one thing to another; disconnected *Diane had a DESULTORY academic record; she had changed majors 12 times in 3 years.
-an abusive, condemnatory speech *The trucker bellowed a DIATRIBE at the driver who had cut him off.
-lacking self-confidence *Steve's DIFFIDENT manner during the job interview stemmed from his nervous nature and lack of experience in the field
-to make larger; to expand *When you enter a darkened room, the pupils of your eyes DILATE to let in more light
-intended to delay *The congressman used DILATORY measures to delay the passage of the bill
-someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic *Jerry's friends were such DILETTANTES that they seemed to have new jobs and hobbies every week.
-a funeral hymn or mournful speech *Melville wrote the poem, "A DIRGE for james McPhearson" for the funeral of a UNion general who was killed.
-to set right; to free from error *Galileo's observations DISABUSED scholars of the notion that the sun revolved around the earth
- to perceive; to recognize *It is easy to DISCERN the difference between butter and butter-flavored topping
-fundamentally different; entirely unalike *Although the twins appear to be identical physically, their personalities are DISPARATE.
-to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character *The villain could DISSEMBLE to the police no longer- he admitted the dead and tore up the floor to reveal the body of the old man.
- a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds *Cognitive DISSONANCE is the inner conflict produced when long-standing believes are contradicted by new evidence.
-a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief *Linus's central DOGMA was that children who believed in the GREAT PUMPKIN would be rewarded
-dictatorial in one's opinions *The dictator was DOGMATIC- he, and only he, was right.
-to deceive; a person who is easily deceived *Bugs Bunny was able to DUPE Elmer Fudd by dressing up as a lady rabbit
-effectiveness *The EFFICACY of penacillin was unsurpassed when it was first introduced.
-a sorrowful poem or speech
-persuasive and moving, especially in speech *The Gettysbury Address is moving not only because of its lofty sentiments but also because of its ELOQUENT words.
-to copy; to rey to equal or excel *The graduate student sought to EMULATE his professor in every way, copying not only how she taught but also how she conducted herself outside of class.
-to reduce in strength *The guerrillas hoped that a series of surprise attacks would ENERVATE the regular army
-to produce, cause, or bring about *His fear and hatred of clowns ENGENDERED when he witness the death of his father at the hands of a clown.
-a puzzle, a mystery *Speaking in riddles and dressed in old robes, the artist gained a reputation as something of an ENIGMA.
-to count, list, or itemize *Moses returned from the mountain with tablets on which the commandments were ENUMERATED.
-to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead *When faced with criticism of his policies, the politician EQUIVOCATED and left all parties thinking she agreed with them.
-learned, scholarly, bookish *The annual meeting of philosophy professors was a gathering of the most ERUDITE, well-published individuals in the field.
-known or understood by only a few *Only a handful of experts are knowledgeable about the ESOTERIC world of particle physics.
-admirable *Most people consider it ESTIMABLE that Mother Teresa spent her life helping the poor of india.
-speech in praise of someone *His best friend gave the EULOGY, outlining his many achievements and talents.
-to clear from blame; prove innocent *The adversarial legal system is intended to convict those who are guilty and to EXCULPATE those who are innocent.
-to clear of blame *The fugitive was EXONERATED when another criminal confessed to committing the crime.
-clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression *The owners of the house left a list of EXPLICIT instructions detailing their house-sitter's duties.
-acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion *The stormtroopers were FANATICAL in their devotion to the emperor, readily sacrificing their lives for him.
-to grovel *The understudy FAWNED over the director in hopes of being case in the part on a permanent basis.
-intensely emotional; feverish *The fans of Maria Callas were unusually FERVID, doing anything to catch a glimpse of the opera singer
-excessively decorated or embellished *The palace had been decorated in an excessively FLORID style; every surface had been carved and gilded.
-to arouse or incite *the protesters tried to FOMENT feeling against the war through their speeches and demonstrations.
-tending to talk a lot *The GARRULOUS parakeet distracted its owner with its continuous talking.
-outgoing, sociable *SHe was so GREGARIOUS that when she found herself alone, she felt quite sad.
-deceit or trickery *Since he was not fast enough to catch the roadrunner on foot, the coyote resorted to GUILE in an effort to trap his enemy.
-easily deceived *The con man pretended to be a bank officer so as to fool GULLIBLE bank customers into giving him their account info.
-one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions *His lack of regard for traditional beliefs soon established him as an ICONOCLAST.
-impossible to penetrate; incapable of being effected *A good raincoat will be IMPERVIOUS to moisture
-quick to act without thinking *It is not good for an investment banker to be IMPETUOUS, since much thought shoul be given to all the possible options.
-showing innocence or childlike simplicity *She was so INGENUOUS that her friends feared that her innocence and trustfulness would be exploited when she visited the big city.
-hostile, unfriendly *Even though the children had grown up together, they were INIMICAL to each other at school
-lacking interest or flavor *The critic claimed that the painting was INSIPID, containing no interesting qualities at all.
-to overwhelm; to cover with water *The tidal wave INUNDATED Atlantis, which was lost beneath the water
-easily made angry *Attila the Hun's IRASCIBLE and violent nature made all who dealt with him fear for their lives.
-using few words *She was a LACONIC poet who built her reputation on using words as sparingly as possible
-to express sorrow; to grieve *The children continued to LAMENTthe death of the goldfish weeks after its demise
-to give unsparingly (v); extremely generous or extravagant *She LAVISHED the puppy with so many treats that it soon became overweight and spoiled
-acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner *The clerk was so LETHARGIC that, even when the store was slow, he always had a long line in front of him.
-talkative *She was naturally LOQUACIOUS, which was a problem in situations in which listening was more important than talking.
-clear and easily understood *The explanations were written in a simple and LUCID manner so that students were immediately able to apply what they learned.
-bright, brilliant, glowing *The park was bathed in LUMINOUS sunshine, which warned the bodies and the souls of the visitors.
-to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill *A common way to avoid the draft was by MALINGERING- pretending to be mentally or physically ill so as to avoid being taken by the Army.
-capable of being shaped *Gold is the most MALLEABLE of precious metals; it can easily be formed into almost any shape.
-a figure of speech comparing 2 different things; a symbol *The METAPHOR "a sea of troubles" suggests a lot of troubles by comparing their number to the vastness of the sea.
-extremely careful about details *To find all the clues at the crime scene, the investigators METICULOUSLY examined every inch of the area.
-a person who dislikes others *The character Scrooge in A Christmas Carol is such a MISANTHROPE that even the sight of children singing makes him angry.
-to soften; to lessen *A judge may MITIGATE a sentence if she decides that a person committed a crime out of need.
-to calm or make less severe *Their argument was so intense that it was difficult to believe any compromise would MOLLIFY them.
-lack of variation *The MONOTOMY of the sound of the dripping faucet drove the research assistant crazy.
-lacking sophistication or experience *Having never traveled before, the hillbillies were more NAIVE than the people they met in Beverly Hills.
-hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion *The president was completely OBDURATE on the issue, and no amount of persuasion would change his mind.
-overly submissive and eager to please *The OBSEQUIOUS new associate made sure to compliment her supervisor's tie and agree with him on every issue.
-stubborn, unyielding *The OBSTINATE child could not be made to eat any food that he disliked.
-to prevent; to make unnecessary *The river was shallow enough to wade across at many points, which OBVIATED the need for a bridge.
-to stop up; to prevent the passage of *A shadow is thrown across the earth's surface during a solar eclipse, when the light from the sun is OCCLUDED by the moon.
-troublesome and oppressive; burdensome *The assignment was so extensive and difficult to manage that it proved ONEROUS to the team in charge of it.
-impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light *The heavy buildup of dirt and grime on the windows made them OPAQUE.
-public disgrace *After the scheme to embezzle the elderly was made public, the treasurer resigned in utter OPPROBRIUM.
-excessive showiness *The OSTENTATION of the Sun King's court is evident in the lavish decoration and luxuriousness of his palace at Versailles
-a contradiction or dilemma *It is a paradox that the most in need of medical attention are often those least able to obtain it.
-model of excellence or perfection *She is the PARAGON of what a judge should be honest, intelligent, hardworking, and just.
-someone who shows off learning *The graduate instructor's tedious and excessive commentary on the subject soon gained her reputation as a PEDANT.
-willing to betray one's trust *The actress' PERFIDIOUS companion revealed all of her intimate secrets to the gossip columnist
-done in a routine way; indifferent *The machinelike bank teller processed the transaction and gave the waiting customer a PERFUNCTORY smile.
-to penetrate *This miraculous new cleaning fluid is able to PERMEATE stains and dissolve them in minutes!
-charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
-to soothe or pacify
-able to be molded, altered, or bent
-practical as opposed to idealistic
-to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
-to lie or deviate from the truth
-fresh and clean; uncorrupted
-to increase in number quickly
-to conciliate; to appease
-correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs
wisdom, caution, or restraint
-sharp or irritating to the senses
- to make thinner or sparser
to reject the validity of
-effective writing or speaking
-to satisfy fully or overindulge
-causing sleep or lethargy
-deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
-a mark of shame or discredit
-unemotional; lacking sensitivity
-lofty or grand
-done without using words
-silent, not talkative
-long, harsh speech or verbal attack
-extreme mental and physical sluggishness
-temporary, lasting a brief time
-to sway physically; to be indecisive
-to respect deeply
-filled with truth and accuracy
-easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
- to fluctuate between choices
-acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable
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