EX of sociall constructed concepts gender roles, homosexuality, the term "old"
Social Construction of Reality
The process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction.
Seeing Pricate issues as a function of larger social forces.
Individual experence within the context of our larger social structure.
A Special type of bar graph, with the varios bars representing sucessive age categories from the lowest at the bottom to the highest at the top. (Broken down in 5 to 10 year a age intervals/ males at the left and females at the right)
Negative about a Baby Boomer generation?
Not enough people paying into the system of social security benefits for the huge population benefits and these older individuals live longer and are in need of social security benefits longer
Triangle Shaped Population Pyramid
High fertility/ Low Mortality
Diamond Shaped Population Pyramid
Ex: the 1 Child Policy Rule in China
Rectangle or Inverted Triangle
Death Rates low
Demographic Transition Theory
3-staged Process whereby a population moves from HIGH fertility and HIGH mortality to LOWER fertility and LOW mortality
High fertility and mortality
High Fertility but falling mortality
Fertility has fallen, LOW fertility and, LOW mortality
Total Fertility Rate
Number of Children a woman can be expected to have during her lifetime if current trends continue continue
Replacement Level Fertility = 2.1
Fertility in the US
Fertility Peaked in 1958 at 3.17 Children per woman
The large group born soon after WWII (1946-1964)
After Baby Bust fertility hit an average of 1.7
Young Children and older adults are supported by society.
Old Age Dependency Ratio
The number of individuals aged 65 + divided by the number of individuals aged 18-64
The number of older adults (65 +) per 100 children (<14
Aging Index of 120 would mean 120 older adults for every 100 children
Aging Index by 2030
The aging index is expected to exceed 100 for all developed countries/ The aging index of several European countries and Japan is ecpevted to be over 100
Age didnt play a big role in American Society
Age was more biological than social
Intergenerational relationships were normal
Growth Age Grading (1860-1900)
Change in Medication and education
- Movement Away from 1-roomed schools
- Established Pediatric Medicine
Youth Seen In a very different way
Peer Society Emerges
- Increase in age segregation, gravitates towards pepole of the same age
The Culture of Aging (1900-1935)
Happy Birthday Song 1934
Birthday Celebrations now, birthdays weren't celebrated in earlier societies.
The life-long interaction between historical events, personal decisions, and place in the social structure (which influences individual opportunity)
What is human development dependent off of?
Place in the Social System-- relationships, education level, socio-economic status