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Which of the following best defines psychological health
The sum of how we think, feel, relate, and exist in our day-to-day lives
The four dimensions of psychological health are
mental, emotional, social, and spiritual.
Common descriptions of strong social support include all of the following except
having a sense of isolation.
The intellectual ability to sort through information, messages, and life events; to attach meaning to those events; and to respond appropriately is often referred to as intellectual health, a subset of
Emotions such as anxiety and joy can be described as the interplay of all of the following components except
Which of the following is not an example of spiritual health?
Sharon has been bouncing ideas off friends as she tries to decide whether she should major in chemistry or chemical engineering. Which of the multiple environmental factors that influence psychological health is Sharon utilizing?
Of the personality traits related to psychological well-being, resiliency is best described by which of the following?
The ability to adapt to change and stressful events in healthy and flexible ways
When considering how others influence your psychological well-being, your sense of self-respect or self-worth refers to your
Which of the following skills for behavior change will probably not build your self-efficacy and self-esteem?
Spend time with people who treat you poorly.
Which of the following strategies will probably help you use positive psychology to enhance your happiness?
Develop gratitude, use capitalization, and know when to say when
Which of the following are strategies that you should try to support and improve your psychological health?
Maintain physical health, form realistic expectations, and get adequate sleep
According to Professor Brian Luke Seaward, the core of human spirituality consists of the following three elements.
Relationships, values, and purpose in life
Which of the following is probably not a risk factor for mental illness?
The symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include
intrusive recollections of the traumatic events, such as nightmares
Treatment for schizophrenia includes all of the following except
Which of the following is not a risk factor for suicide?
Multiple minor illnesses
All of the following actions are recommended to prevent suicide except
use the "tough love" approach when empathy is ineffective.
An ongoing state of physiological arousal in response to ongoing or numerous perceived threats is known as
A school examination is an example of
When stress levels are low, the body is often in a state of
In a recent national survey of college students, what was their number one impediment to academic performance?
After a heavy course load, maintaining an unfulfilling but demanding part-time job, and continuous roommate conflicts, Jennifer became so mentally and physically drained that she ended up in the hospital. What phase of the general adaptation syndrome is this?
All stress is negative stress, so all stress is bad for you (T or F)
Stress is the mental and physical response and adaptation by our bodies to the real or perceived changes and challenges in our lives.
Which of the following would be considered a substance addiction?
Which of the following would be considered a process addiction?
Which of the following is an over-the-counter drug that is subject to misuse and abuse?
What percentage of Americans over the age of 12 has tried marijuana at least once?
Which of the following statements about marijuana is actually true?
Teens and young adults who use marijuana are more likely to develop serious mental health problems.
Being a member of a sorority or fraternity increases the likelihood of using alcohol, marijuana, or cocaine, and makes one twice as likely to abuse prescription drugs.
The tar from cannabis (marijuana) contains lower levels of carcinogens than tobacco smoke.
Alcohol is the most widely used central nervous system depressant.
Which of the following is true about the factors that make college students vulnerable to alcohol-related problems?
Many student customs and norms encourage drinking.
If Chuck goes on a drinking binge and passes out, which of the following should his sober friend, Nancy, do?
If Nancy suspects alcohol poisoning, she should call 9-1-1 immediately.
Which of the following is not a long-term health effect of alcohol consumption?
Improved resistance to disease
The higher the concentration of alcohol in your drink, the more rapidly it will be absorbed in your digestive tract.
Alcohol takes less time to be absorbed if there is food in your stomach.
Rex, who leads fitness classes at a gym on campus, burns a lot of calories at work each day. Which of the following provides the calories Rex needs to succeed at work?
If person X needs about 2,000 calories per day, person X is probably
a sedentary woman, ages 19 to 30.
Which of the following is most likely a function of protein in the body?
Repairs muscle cells
Which of the following is a simple carbohydrate?
Which of the following is a common function of fats in the body?
Helps maintain healthy skin and hair
Which of the following vitamins are carried to cells by fats?
Which of the following is a water-soluble vitamin?
Nutrient density refers to the proportion of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in food compared to the number of calories.
Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk and milk products.
Saturated fats are generally liquids at room temperature.
Which of the following best defines "physical activity"?
All body movements produced by skeletal muscles resulting in substantial increases in energy expenditure
The definition of exercise includes which of the following?
Planned, structured, and repetitive movement
Colleen either swims, bikes, or runs five days a week in preparation for a triathalon she has entered. Which kind of physical activity is this?
Physical activity for performance
The body's ability to perform physical activities on a regular basis without getting too tired and with energy left over to handle physical and mental emergencies demonstrates
Vigorous exercise has been shown to burn off chemical by-products released by the normal response to
Jeanne wants to exercise more, but she lacks motivation. Which of the following might help her overcome her lack of motivation?
Enlist the help of an exercise partner to make her accountable for working out
Deirdre needs to closely monitor the intensity of her workouts. Which of the following fitness gadgets will most likely give her the data she seeks?
A heart rate monitor
Exercise frequency refers to
the number of times per week you need to do a particular exercise.
Exercise intensity refers to
how hard the work must be to attain desired level of fitness
Exercise time refers to
the duration or number of repetitions that are needed for each exercise component
Exercise type refers to
the specific component of fitness to which the exercise is intended.
Walt broke his leg during a football game. What type of injury is this?
Which of the following best describes a way to prevent overuse injuries?
Vary your fitness activities throughout the week
What is the number one cause of death for women in the United States?
Another name for a heart attack is
Common symptoms of a heart attack include all of the following except
The leading risk factor for stroke is
Hypertension refers to
a sustained high blood pressure.
A Pap test is effective for early detection of
Type 1 diabetes is also known as
Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by
high blood glucose.
The primary action of insulin is to
stimulate glucose transporters in the cell.
In Unites States, CVD claims more lives each year than the next three leading causes of death combined.
One year after quitting smoking, Sally, a former pack-a-day smoker, will have reduced her risk of heart disease by 50 percent.
Age and gender are considered nonmodifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Lifestyle factors do not play a significant role in the development of cancer
Which of the following is true about generic drugs?
They contain the same active ingredients as brand name drugs
Becky is 80 years old and is covered by federal health insurance program. What is this program called?
With the type of health insurance Cheryl has, she is not covered for any charges that exceed $200,000. This is referred to as
an upper or lifetime limit.
Jon's insurance only covers 90 percent of his total medical bills. The 10 percent he must pay is an example of
Ryan's insurance will not begin to pay for covered services until he has paid the first $500 of his annual health care bill. The $500 is called
Sam does not have health insurance. As a result, he is
less likely to get regular checkups.
Complementary and alternative medical therapies incorporate a holistic approach to medicine that focuses on treating the mind and whole body, rather than just an isolated part of the body.
OTC drugs are safer than prescription drugs because they have fewer side effects and do not cause dependence.
All prescription drugs are available in the generic form.
Human sexuality refers to the awareness of and a reaction to the biological characteristics of being male and female, or neither or both.
Which is not a characteristic of a sexually healthy person?
Willing to accept STIs, HIV, and unwanted pregnancy.
Generally speaking, sex refers to socialized roles and style of living, whereas gender refers to biological determination of being male or female.
According to a national survey in 2007, about 46% of female and 50% of male high school students have had sexual intercourse.
Sleep is a small component of health.
Models of Health do not include the following topic:
Advancement of surgery/technology
Health and Wellness may be defined as _______.
the process of trying to achieve one's potential in each dimension of health
The trend of increased life expectancy may end due to _______.
obesity and sedentary lifestyle
Chronic disease _______.
is directly influenced by individual health choices
Socioeconomic factors have no influence over life expectancy.
Modifiable health determinants would include _______.
In terms of health status; a controllable factor is _______.
An example of the correlation between lifestyle and health outcomes includes _______.
active lifestyle and increased endurance
The correlation between a belief and a behavior is best described as belief_______.
subtly influences behavior
Theories of Behavior Change include all of the following except the _______.
The statement that change occurs as a process of stages best refers to the _______.
The Behavior Change Model of the Health Behavior Belief Model holds that for change to occur which of these factors must be present?
Perceived seriousness of health problem
Stages of the Transtheoretical Model include _______.
preparation, action, maintenance
Environmental health, physical health, social health, intellectual health, emotional health, and spiritual health combine to create the ________.
Dimensions of Health
The major factors of race and ethnicity, geographic location, sexual orientation, sex and gender, and economic status are called ________.
The promotion plan published by the Surgeon General every 10 years for improving quality of life and years of life for all Americans is called _______.
The goal of Healthy People 2020 is to _______.
increase both life spans and quality of life
One goal of Healthy People 2020 is to _______.
reduce and eliminate health disparities
There is a correlation between _______.
socioeconomic status and life expectancy
Examples of predisposing factors influencing health behavior include _______.
parental smoking and child's choice to smoke
Examples of enabling factors and health behaviors include _______.
peers smoking and your own likelihood to smoke
Self-efficacy is defined as _______.
belief that one is capable of achieving certain goals or of influencing events in life
Key to behavior change is _______.
setting realistic goals
A __________serves as a public declaration of intent, an organized plan, and presents a list of barriers, provides strategies, and states sources of support.
Behavior Change Contract
College students report all of the following in the top 10 impediments to academic performance except _______.
lack of family support
Evidence of global climate change can be found in the fact that polar ice caps are melting at greater rates than the direst predictions.
Changes in the ___________ have a direct impact on whole species.
Evidence of unchecked population growth is manifested in which of the following areas?
Although the United States makes up only _________ of the world's population, it is responsible for nearly ___________ of total global resource consumption.
5% / 25%
A control measure for population growth, _________, proposes that each couple produce two or fewer offspring to allow the population to stabilize or decrease.
zero population growth
Air pollutants that occur due to human causes are referred to as _________.
Photochemical smog is a mix of particulates and gases that form when oxygen-containing compounds of nitrogen and hydrocarbons react in the presence of sunlight; it is sometimes called _____________.
The ___________ measures how clean or polluted air is and notes health effects that can happen within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air.
Air Quality Index
Poor ventilation is the primary cause of sick building syndrome.
The most predominant greenhouse gas is ____________, which accounts for 49% of all greenhouse gases.
Global warming is sometimes referred to as _________.
______________ enter a waterway at a specific location such as a ditch or pipe; the two main entryways are sewage treatment plants and industrial facilities.
Point source pollutants
____________ result from runoff and sedimentation draining into waterways from soil erosion and sedimentation, construction wastes, pesticide and fertilizer runoff, street runoff, acid rain drainage, wastes from engineering projects, leakage from septic tanks, and sewage sludge.
Nonpoint source pollutants
Options for reducing electronic waste include recycling, participating in electronic reuse programs, and donating consumer electronics.
A strategy for controlling waste is _________, which involves sorting, collecting, and processing materials to be reused in the manufacture of new products, thus diverting paper, glass, plastics, and metals from the waste stream.
___________ is defined as waste with properties that make it capable of harming human health or the environment.
A _______ occurs when the temperature in a nuclear reactor's core increases enough to melt both the nuclear fuel and the containment vessel holding it.
The U.S. obesity and overweight public health crisis is a result of the following two factors only: 1) eating too many calories; and 2) not exercising enough.
U.S. obesity trends among adults demonstrate which of the following facts?
Trends of obesity have increased in all states since 1988
The term used by the Centers for Disease Control to define environments that promote increased food intake, nonhealthful foods, and physical inactivity in our society is ______________.
One is considered obese if ____________.
BMI>30 (approximately 30 lbs overweight for 5'4" adult)
Which of the following statements is correct regarding trends in obesity in relation to ethnicity?
Obesity rates among different ethnicities demonstrate clear disparities
Obesity leads smoking as the greatest nonpreventable cause of death in the United States.
A major problem associated with obesity is ______________.
______________ is the feeling of fullness when nutritional needs are satisfied and stomach signals "no more."
The "________________" hypothesis states ancestors that struggled with famine survived by adapting with slowed metabolism.
The ____________ is the minimum rate at which the body uses energy when working to maintain basic vital functions.
basal metabolic rate
An excessive number of fat cells is called hyperplasia.
Besides caloric intake, which of the following is the most critical factor affecting obesity?
excessive use of any drug
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