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Patch loss of hair occurring on the scalp or other parts of the body.
Severe case of alopecia aerate where balding occurs over the entire head.
Severe case of alopecia aerate where balding occurs over the entire body.
Surfactants that are very mild and compatible with all other surfactants.
The period of active growth.
Male or female pattern baldness.
The space formed in between the point where two lines join, combination of two straight lines joined together, producing various effects and qualities.
A shampoo with a detergent base that is inexpensive, but has excellent deep cleansing abilities, and is easily rinsed from the hair.
An agent that prevents or reduces infection by eliminating or decreasing the growth of microorganisms, it can be applied safely to the skin.
The highest point of the head.
A small, involuntary muscle located along the side of the hair follicles that is responsible for ‘goose bumps’.
Rod-shaped, spore-producing bacteria.
One cell microorganisms.
Equal in proportion.
A technique that creates curved lines in a haircut by cutting ends with a slight increase or decreased in length.
Infectious pathogenic, microorganisms that are presents in human blood or bodily fluid and can cause disease in humans; these pathogens include, but are not limited to, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
A localized infection caused by staphylococci bacteria; Similar to a furuncle but larger.
A cutting technique where the still blade is placed to the hair and the shears are partially opened and closed while moving through the hair.
The period of break down and change of hair growth.
Removes dirt from the hair shaft and provides softness and moisture.
Consists of seven vertebrae (bones) that make up the portion of the spinal column located in the neck.
A texturizing technique that removes larger sections of hair; chinking crates movement in a perimeter design line breaking up the weight line.
A procedure using detergent and water to eliminate contamination of surfaces, tools and/or skin; cleaning also eliminates unseen debris tat interferes with disinfection.
Circular-shaped bacteria that produce pus and can cause strep throat and blood poisoning.
A haircutting technique using two or more degrees.
Hair has a large diameter or width and feels thick.
A tuft of hair that stands up with a strong directional growth pattern.
Covers the top and sides of the head and consists of six bones.
Parting the haircut in the opposite direction from which it was cut to check for precision of one and shape.
The paper back of the head.
The tough, outer protective covering of the hair.
The removal of any infectious materials on tools or surfaces by following all sanitation and disinfection guidelines.
Clean tools with a warm, soapy water; be sure to remove visible debris. Next, submerge tools in an EPA-registered disinfectant. Always follow manufacturer’s directions for proper contact time and mixing ratios. Contact time is the amount of time the disinfectant must stay lost on a surface in order for it to be effective.
Clean tools with warm, soapy water; be sure to remove visible debris. Next, place tools in a high-pressure steam unit, called an autoclave. Sterilization will destroy all microbial life, including spores.
Also known as purified water, is water that has had the metal ions and/or impurities removed through ion exchange process.
The number of hair strands per square inch on the scalp.
A small, cone-shaped elevation at the base of the hair follicle filled with blood vessels.
A slanting line between horizontal and vertical line.
The thickness of a hair strand.
Grow in pairs, are spherical-shaped, and cause pneumonia.
No connected; independent lines that normally do not blend; having a defined break in the design.
Bacterial invasion of the body that disrupts a normal function of health.
Any abnormality of bodily function; services can be performed with special product recommendations.
Also known as Outlining or Etching, is the technique of cutting around the hairline to create a clean in or a design within a haircut.
Also known as Degree or Projection, is the degree or angle by which the hair is lifted and combed in relation to the head.
A tendon that connects the Occipitals and the Frontalis.
The complete scalp; the muscles, skin, and aponeurosis; covering the skull.
Also known as Occipito-Frontalis, the broad muscle formed by the joining of the
Frontalis and Occipitals..
The applied science concerned with designing and arranging things that people use to both (people and things) interact most efficiently ad safety.
When you come in contact with broken skin, body fluid, blood or any other potentially infectious items while at work.
The outer or external part.
Hair that is naturally she or gathered from a brush and/or comb.
Separating the water from its mineral substances, such as magnesium iron, calcium or organic matter; water passes through a ‘filter-type trap’ encasing some minerals or particles, therefore producing less-contaminated water
Hair has a small diameter/width that feels thin.
Also known as Brittle Hair, when the hair is susceptible to breakage.
Forms the forehead, starts at the top of the eyes, extending to the beginning curve of the forehead.
The muscle that encompasses the forehead and extends into the beginning curve of the scalp.
Members of a large group of organisms that include microorganisms, such as yeast, molds, and mildews.
Boil or abscess of the skin located in the hair follicle.
The direction the hair grows from the scalp.
The first section of hair that is cut to serve as a guide to determine the length.
The rounded, clue-shaped part of hair located at the and of the hair root.
A tube-like depression in the pocket in the skin that contains the hair room from which the hair will grow.
Hair growing in the same direction; creates a natural part.
Remains unaltered and contains an amount of dissolved minerals, such as calcium and magnesium; most well water is hard water.
The angle at which your Guest’s head is held during a procedure.
A line parallel to the floor, opposite of vertical.
Substance added to conditioners to help the hair retain moisture.
‘Water-loving;’ easily absorbs moisture and capable of combing with or attracting water.
The body’s ability to fight or decent against infection and disease or viruses.
Interior: The inner or internal part.
A guide that is inside the haircut, not around the hairline or perimeter; this will create less weight and more softness to the perimeter.
A strong, fibrous protein the building block for hair, skin, and nails.
The process of converting living skin cells into hard proteins.
Also known as Vellus Hair, is the soft, white and downy hair found on the body; usually lacking a medulla.
Large, flat, triangular muscle covering the lower back; helps to extend the arm away from the body and rotate the shoulder.
Also known as the edge or division of a shape. The basic ones used in haircutting are straight and curved.There are three types of straight lines: horizontal, vertical and diagonal. Each line represents various movement and design options.
‘Oil-loving;’ having an attraction to fats and oil.
Naturally occurring fungus, sometimes known as Pityrosporum Ovale.
Hair has an average width and thickness.
Usually a white substance that grows on the surface of things in wet, warm conditions, but does not cause human infection on the skin.
Condition causing beaded hair, Hair is weak before each node and easily broken.
The section of the head from the occipital bone to the hairline.
The direction in which the hair moves or falls on the head.
Bacteria that are not harmful.
When an item is made or constructed of materials that are not permeable/penetrated by water, air, or any other substance.
A texturizing technique similar to point cutting but the cutting is done toward the ends rather that into them, creating a churning effect.
The bone that cover the back of the head and sits directly above the nape.
A haircutting technique that positions the palms of your hands facing each other; using the palm-to-palm position when cutting prevents the hair from being lifted up offer hand and the hair from being pushed out the front of the shears.
Consistently traveling in the same direction at an equal distance apart.
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites.
Two bones, one on each side of the head, the form the entire crown and top sides of the head.
Largest curve of the head; it separates the interior of the head from the exterior of the head.
Bacteria that are harmful and cause disease.
Condition caused by one infestation of he hair and scalp caused by the parasitic insect, head louse.
Also know as Seborrheic Dermatitis, is a severe case of dandruff, distinguished by excessive amounts or way or greasy scale that accumulate on the scalp in crusts.
Dry type of dandruff characterized by white, lightweight flakes that either attach to the scale in clusters or are scattered loosely within hair and eventually fall to the shoulders.
The muscles that extends from the tip of the skin to the shoulder and lowers the jaw and lip.
The texturizing technique using the tips of the shears to cut into the ends of the hair to create multiple lengths that will blend within the hair ends.
Alopecia: Period of temporary hair loss that typically occurs after childbirth.
Glands that produce sebum, an oily substance that lubricates the skin.
Dividing areas of hair that can be managed and controlled.
Also known as Over-Direction, is directing the hair out of its natural fall.
Skull: The skeletal structure that makes up the head and face; encasing the brain. The skill is divided into two areas: cranium and face.
Also known as Slicing, is a texturizing technique using a sliding movement down the airshaft used to remove bulk and add mobility within the haircut or for blending and framing areas around the face.
Water where the mineral content is dissolved and removed; rain water is considered soft water.
A wedge-shaped bone that joins all the bones of the cranium.
A spiral-shaped or curved bacteria.
Bacterial cells which form in clusters, like grapes, are pus farming causing abscesses, pustules and boils.
A fixed guideline that does not move.
Long muscle that stretches from the back of the ear, along the side of the beck to the collar bone.
Bacterial cells that grow in curved lines shaped into chains and caused abscesses, pustules, and boils.
A surface active agent or wetting agent that has the ability to dissolve in water and remove dirt from surfaces, such as hair; the ingredient in shampoo that caused lather
Also known as Fading, is a cutting technique that blends hair from a shorter length at the perimeter to a longer length as moved the head.
Resting phase of hair growth.
Premature or sudden hair loss.
Two bones are on each side of the head that forms the lower side of the head.
The temple muscle located above and in front of the ear that helps in opening and closing the mouth, as in chewing.
Application of pressure applied while combing and holding the hair prior to cutting.
Pigmented hair on the body.
the diameter or width, quality, fell and arrangement of individual hair strands within the overall hair structures; textures are described as fine, medium, and coarse.
Technique that help to blend ones or remove excess bulk without changing the shape of the cut.
The technical term for Ringworm, a contagious condition caused by fungal parasite.
Also known as Barber’s Itch, is a superficial fungal infection that commonly affect the skin.
A fungal infection of the skin and scalp, characterized by red papillose or sports at the opening of the hair follicle.
Also known as Honeycomb Ringworm, a fungal infection of the scalp, characterized by a pink scalp with thick, whitish-yellow crusts known as scutula , which tend to have a slight odor.
Hair loss through repetitive and excessive puling or stretching of the hair.
Triangular muscle that run from the upper back to the back of the neck.
A guideline that moves around or pass from one section to another.
The study of hair and its diseases and disorders.
Also known as Split Ends, is when hair ends are dried out and damaged by overexposure to heating tools, weather elements, and/or chemical services.
Also known as Knotted Hair, has bulges welding along the hair shaft; brittleness and breakage can occur at the node.
A set of guidelines published by OSHA that requires an employer and employee to assume that all human blood and bodily fluids are bloodborne pathogens.
A line that intends straight up from the floor; opposite or horizontal.
A submicroscopic, parasitic particle that causes disease.
Concentration of hair within an area that gives the appearance of heaviness and density.
Circular growth pattern; use special considerations when cutting.
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