The ability to remember what was just seen. Visual memory affects the following areas of handwriting:
-The ability to write letters and words from memory
-The ability to write letters with correct orientation on the page
-Eliminating letter reversals in handwriting (common until age 7)
Visual Memory OT Therapeutic activities
-Ask the child to look at her name card and then cover it up. Tell the child to write her name w/o looking.
-Write a letter in sand or shaving cream, then quickly erase it and have the child write the same letter.
-Give a child picture analogies for common words, such as the word 'bed' looks like a bed.
The ability to distinguish similarities and differences between 2 objects. This skill applies to the ability to notice differences in letters with similar appearances during handwriting, such as a and o, b and d, p and q.
Visual discrimination OT activities
Talk the child through the formation of similar letters using verbal cues such as "over, around, up and down" or "make magic c, then turn it into an a.
Use puzzles, vertical writing, and multi-sensory writing methods to reinforce correct letter formation to emphasize the differences between similar letters.
Visual spatial orientation
The ability to tell the orientation and placement of objects in relation to each other. For handwriting, this skill applies to letter case, size, spacing, and placement on the writing line. For older students, it also applies to organizing a written assignment on the page.
OT activities for Visual Spatial Orientation
Use darkened writing lines, highlighted writing paper, or raised line paper to give children multiple methods of input regarding line placement