Which phrase best describes primary groups as Charles Cooley envisioned them?
a bowl of clumpy oatmeal
When criticizing Milgram's experiment on small group phenomenon, Kleinfeld made the analogy that "we live in a world that looks a lot like ________."
The concept of "groupthink" was developed by ________.
How groups influence individuals and how individuals affect groups is referred to as ________.
Which was the first nation to have an excess of 50 percent of its workforce in service industries?
the starting nine on a baseball team
In which group would there be the greatest number of relationships?
societies became more egalitarian
With the domestication of plants and animals, a number of significant social changes occurred. All of the following represent one of these changes, EXCEPT for which one?
the same culture and the same territory
What are the two characteristics a people must share to qualify as a society?
six degrees of separation
Which phrase became synonymous with the research Stanley Milgram conducted on "the small world phenomenon"?
prestige based on male labor
Although it is the most egalitarian, what was the one social division common to all hunting and gathering societies?
Milgram's experiment involving the "small world phenomenon" utilized two groups. He referred to these two groups as the ________ and the ________
A substantial number of people will inflict pain on others if ordered to do so by a person in a position of authority.
What did Stanley Milgram's teacher-learner experiment demonstrate?
They are a category.
There are New York Yankee fans in every state in America, throughout Canada, and in nations all over the world. Sociologically, which concept best describes these fans?
The new technology was far more efficient than anything that preceded it, leading to larger surpluses and greater inequality.
Why did the creation of the industrial society lead to greater social inequality?
In group decision making, a form of tunnel vision that develops in which there is only one "right" viewpoint and suggested alternatives are perceived as signs of disloyalty is called ________.
For many college professors, their own teachers served as role models. Kody Scott looked up to older gang members as his idols. In both cases, former teachers and older gang members qualify as being ________
Which group is most notable for its lack of achievement and effectiveness in decision making?
A(n) ________ leadership style has the tendency to encourage either aggressive or apathetic behavior among group members with aggressive members growing increasingly hostile towards their leader.
A leader of a group whose responsibility would be to keep the group moving towards its goal is classified as a(n) ________ leader.
In any group of three members, two of the three may have a tendency to alienate the third member and dominate the decision making for the group the trio represents. When this occurs, what term best applies to the two unified members?
Groups in which members take personal responsibility and work at a steady pace, even without supervision, are most likely headed by which classification of leader?
What term best applies to people who share a culture and a territory?
Of the following groups, the ________ plays the most significant role in the development of the self.
Which sociologist suggested that gender inequality became more pronounced with the development of the plow, as men assumed the duties of plowing and caring for the cattle?
giving free rein to diverse opinions
How would an organization minimize the occurrence of groupthink?
The first social revolution, namely the domestication of animals and plants, occurred approximately ________ years ago.
A society that is based on the harnessing of machines powered by fuels is called a(n) ________ society.
In Professor Jones' social problems course, the students interact freely with one another, think of themselves as "Dr. J's class," and feel they are significant because of their mutual interest in social reform. Which concept best describes Dr. Jones' class?
The secondary group will break down into primary groups.
If a secondary group does not satisfy one's need for intimate association, which of the following is most likely to occur?
According to Georg Simmel, which of the following groups is the most unstable?
________ are the social ties that radiate outward from the self and link people together
Different situations require that different styles of leadership be used to meet the primary goals of the group. Imagine a tour group that is lost in the desert. Which type of leadership would be best for the tour guide to adopt?
Kody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and Satan's Slaves. Kody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. For Kody, these two rival gangs would be considered ________.
Jane, Mark, Courtney, and Kelly are enrolled in the 8:00 a.m. sociology course at their college. After studying together for the first test, they started sitting together in class and chose to work together on group projects. During spring break, they decided to go on a trip as a group. These four students would be considered members of a(n) ________.
diffusion of responsibility
A phenomenon of group dynamics that results in a decrease in one's willingness to help others as the size of the group increases is referred to as ________.
a double standard
Because of our sense of belonging and loyalty to in-groups, we often judge our own group's traits as virtues, but view the same traits in other groups as vices. This judgment of superiority is an example of ________.
the graduating class of a large university
In which group would diffusion of responsibility be the greatest concern?
Groups tend to develop a more formal social structure.
How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size?
The "dawn of civilization" is most associated with which social revolution?
Sociologically, what term best applies to a group of people who share no common destination taking an elevator from the first floor of a large high rise?
the domestication revolution
Which of the following set the stage for the emergence of the earliest form of social inequality?
the horticultural society
Which society was the first to develop permanent settlements?
the domestication of plants and animals
What was the impetus for the first social revolution?
Approximately when did the electronic community make its debut into society?
Because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not true.
What did Solomon Asch's experiment on group conformity demonstrate?
The transmission and use of information services dominates the work force.
What is the key feature of postindustrial societies as it relates to the work force?
invention of the steam engine
The plow was to the second social revolution as the ________ was to the third social revolution
an economy centering around the application of genetic structures
Some social analysts believe that postindustrial society will be followed by a biotech society. Such a society would be characterized by ________.
the hunting and gathering society
Which society is characterized as being the most egalitarian and nomadic, consisting of 25 to 40 members?
microchip; decoding of the human genome system
The ________ is to the postindustrial society as the ________ is to the emerging biotech society.
Who conducted the classic experiment addressing the power of peer pressure that included six stooges and one actual test subject viewing cards with lines of varying length?
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