The Thracian bard ORPHEUS summoned HYMEN, the god of _, to be present at his marriage to his beloved _
Eurydice died at her wedding by...
being bitten on the ankle by a snake from the bad omens.
Orpheus descended to the Underworld, appealing to the king and queen Hades and Persephone, in a song sung to the accompaniment of his _.
Hades and Persephone agreed to allow Eurydice to come back on the condition:
Orpheus was not to turn back to look at Eurydice until he had left the Underworld, but he looked bac anyways, dumbass.
Orpheus said Eurydice would not be brought back to life he would...
he would prefer to remain there in death with his beloved
Orpheus secluded himself to the _ for three years after losing Eurydice a second time.
Mountains, rejecting many advances by sluts
Thus _ was the originator of homosexuality among the _.
As the madness and the frenzied music of the _ grew more wild and the bard’s song was drowned out, then killed torn to pieces by their fury.
maenads, the Bacchic women might of killed him though, one of the two.
Why did the Bacchic women's initial attacks do no harm to Orpheus at first?
His song was too sexy.
Orpheus's limbs were scattered, but his head and lyre floated on the river _ then out to sea, both all the while _.
Herbus, singing/making lamentations
Orepheu's head and limbs and lyre were washed ashore at _, where, _ froze into stone a serpent that was about to bite the head of Orpheus.
The difference in myths of Oprheus by Ovid and Virgil, is that Virgil makes Eurydice's death by...
ARISTAEUS, or ARISTAIOS, the keeper of bees, responsible for Eurydice’s death.
_ of Thrace was the son of Apollo (or the Thracian river-god Oeagrus) and the muse Calliope.
Through music and poetry and with extraordinary art, Orpheus delivered a persuasive religious message, the foundation of a mystery religion called _.
The orhpic bible states Time (Chronos) and Eros, or Love, is the first born of the deities, called PHANES and hatched from an _.
The orphic bible also states from the ashes of the Titans (smitten by Zeus’ thunderbolt), _ were created; hence the _ of the soul, sin and virtue, reward and punishment.
Mystery Religions are called mystery religions because...
their concern with the fundamental mysteries of human existence: life and death, questions about god, the soul, and the afterlife. Also, these mysteries involved secrets revealed only to members of the religious group, the initiates.
In mystery religions _ in the concept of god or the gods was primary, as well as a conviction in the _ of the human soul.
Harmonizing by different religions of their gods and myths into some sort of unity.
Who is sometimes said to be the father of Orpheus?
Which is not a Dionysian element in the story of Orpheus?
He plays a lyre
Who sprang from the cosmic egg in the Orphic cosmology?
What was the name given to the shedding of the blood of a bull in the rites or Cybele and Attis?
"According to Vergil, Eurydice's untimely death resulted from:"
a snakebite she suffered while attempting to flee the advances of Aristaeus.
Orpheus had his origins in:
"According to Orphic theogony, the first principle was:"
"Like Hesiod, the Orphic tradition introduces early on the procreative power of Eros, also called by the Orphics:"
Which sea-god does Aristaeus consult to learn why his bees have died?
What is NOT a typical feature of mystery cults?
disbelief in an afterlife.
A full account of the initiation into the rites of Isis is given in:
Which Aegean island was home to the cult of the Cabiri?
Which god is a consort of Dea Syria?
Sisyphus founded the Isthmian Games because of the _ she found red from a boiling pot.
Ino and _ in Thebes.
Ino and _ in the Gulf of Corinth
Sisyphus named the games after a monster called.
In the third Isthmian games, Heracles’ fifth Labor, the Stables of _.... He kills _ and then after he founds the _ games.
An army of seven marched on Thebes, then stopped at _ looking for water. They leave babybasket with _ boy on ground, come back and find he's dead. Found the _ games
Namea, snake boy, Nemean
Game in greek
Games are usually founded after a __ or ___.
Death or Murder
The competitors are the...
__/__ means ‘prize-winning’… also means ‘wretched’, ‘miserable’
_ of Heracles are considered no different than the events/games… ‘ordeal’
Athletic games of Greece closely related to rights of the _
Muses originally goddesses of funerals, each foundation of the games usually a compensation for the suffering of a dying figure, usually a _.
Heroes either live in _ past (long time ago) or in relation to Trojan war. All myths involving heroes usually lead to _.
timeless, Trojan War
All hero myths start out _, and some transcend this and become more important like Oedipus.
Hero is in _ literaly, from that location in the _ the hero _ the place where he is and _ others who helped him and oversees _ especially the passing of boys into manhood
Earth/ground, protects, heals, rights of passage
something _ also do is safeguard/promote civilization
Heroes primary functions are... (3)
They protect Heal Oversee rites of passage
The greatest glory a hero can achieve is to _ performing well, _ in battle…
Servant of Apollo, fasted, traveled on golden arrow of Apollo, plague
Traveled north found people no heads, eye in their chest, gryphiffs birds (priests)… somehow he had knowledge of these places. Claimed to be able to be in more than one place at once (a bird)…. He did this in order to spread the teachings of Apollo
From Crete, stopped plagues in Athens year 600, again in 500, stories of his great age, 57 year sleep losing his sheep, priest of Zeus, said to have wandered out of his body, special diet ox hook, when he died prepared for burial by family took his clothes off and discovered body covered w/ tattoos (only runaway slaves tattooed himself, but a place north of Greece, shamans cover themselves in tattoos the most important ones)
Southern Italy, followers had special diet no meat/beans from belief in reincarnation, divinity of numbers, proved square root of 2/3/5 so on were irrational numbers
Some generlizations of shamans (7)
Real people Fasting/special diets Hyperborean Apollo connection Plague prevention Bilocation; soul travel, can be in more than on place Traveling distances without their bodies Manipulation of natural world, especially with Orpheus
Want to see the other 58 Flashcards in Heroes/Orpheus and Orphism.... Myserty Religion in Roman Times?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!