The movement applied Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as economic inequality, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, slums, bad hygiene, child labor, inadequate labor unions, poor schools, and the danger of war.
Helped turn the US to issues of concern to mothers, such as the needs of children, public health, and world peace. Co-founded the Hull House.
Passage through Central America built under Theodore Roosevelt. Opened trade and help Panamanian rebels separate from Columbia.
Infected 500 million people across the world killing 50 to 100 million of them.
Following World War I, increased sense of patriotism. Celebration of everything American.
Woodrow Wilson: 1916.
One of the founders of the NAACP in 1909. Leader of the Niagara Movement: equal rights for blacks.
1905: Niagara Movement
Promised equal voting rights for all citizens regardless of their sex. End of women's suffrage.
Ratified August 18th, 1920
First affordable car introduced by Henry Ford taking advantage of the assembly line. Later Ford was asked to produce vehicles for the war effort.
John Thomas Scopes accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act which prohibited teaching evolution in the classroom. ACLU member Clarence Darrow defended Scopes and ultimately lost the case which was eventually overturned due to a technicality.
July 21, 1925
WWI veterans that wanted their pay early. Marched on Washington and built Hoovervilles. Hoover ordered the vets removed by the Army.
Spring and summer of 1932
A symbol used by companies in the US to show their compliance with the National Industrial Recovery Act.
July 20, 1933
Made famous by GM employees in Flint, Michigan sitting down at their stations, preventing the employers from replacing them.
A program under which the US supplied the allied war effort in WWII before becoming involved in the war.
Enacted March 11, 1941
A. Philip Randolph
In the early civil rights movement, he led the March on Washington Movement. Helped urge Truman to ban discrimination in the defense industries during WWII.
American Civil Liberties Movement
Stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States."
Formed in 1920
The liberal idea of a free market with limited or nonexistent government interference in the economy and corporate policies.
"Fighting Bob" LaFolette
Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party, carrying 17% of the popular vote.
A British ocean liner and briefly the world's largest ship. Torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat with the loss of 1198 lives. Led to the US entering WWI in 1917.
Sunk in 1915
League of Nations
The first international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. League was established as part of Wilson's Fourteen Points.
1919 - 1946
Attempts to track down men avoiding military service. Later referred to as draft dodgers.
US involvement in WWI: 1918
The movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast,Midwest, and West.
1910 - 1960s
Attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.
Late 1919 to early 1920
An American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse. Popularized the term "birth control", opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, and established organizations that evolved into the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
1916 - 1966
Ku Klux Klan
Advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism.
Southern United States
Early and mid 1920s
Extensive deep plowing of the virgin topsoil of the Great Plains during the previous decade had displaced the native, deep-rooted grasses that normally trapped soil and moisture even during periods of drought and high winds.
Shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.
1929 - 1940
A New Deal program that provided funds to farmers' cooperatives to help them extend their power lines.
Enacted 1933 -1936
Chaired by US Senator Gerald Nye. The committee investigated the financial and banking interests which underlay United States' involvement in World War I, and was a significant factor in public and political support for American neutrality in the early stages of World War II.
Established in 1934
Also known as D-Day, established Western Allied forces in Normandy, France.
June 6, 1944
Over 110,000 Japanese Americans detained following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Order issued on February 19, 1942
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire in NYC led to the deaths of 146 workers. Many could not escape because the doors had been locked to prevent unauthorized breaks. Led to federal regulations to protect workers.
March 25, 1911
Bull Moose Party
Theodore Roosevelt coined the term as the founder of the Progressive Party in 1912. Wilson ultimately prevented Roosevelt from serving a third term.
1912 - 1916
Selective Service Act
Established the draft. By the end of WWI, more than half of the 4.8 million Americans who served in the armed forces were drafted.
War Industries Board
The organization encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency and urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products. The board set production quotas and allocated raw materials.
Established in July, 1917
Eugene V. Debs
Several times candidate for the Socialist Party, Debs denounced US participation in WWI, leading to his arrest under the Espionage Act.
Arrested in 1918
An American suffragist and women's rights activist. She led a successful campaign for women's suffrage that resulted in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.
Five Dollar Day
Henry Ford's establishment of a $5 work day, which was 3 times more than the average worker at the time. Kept workers from unionizing.
First Roman Catholic candidate. Mobilized the Catholic vote, along with the anti-Catholic vote. Many believed the Pope would dictate his policies.
Candidate in 1928 eleciton
Often made public appearances on FDR's behalf. Truman later referred to her as the "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements.
1933 - 1945
Best known for his "Share Our Wealth" program created in 1934. He was assassinated in 1935.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's fundamental freedoms
1 - Freedom of Speech
2 - Freedom of Worship
3 - Freedom from Want
4 - Freedom from Fear
1941 State of the Union Address
Rosie the Riveter
The most successful advertising recruitment campaign in American history, this powerful symbol helped to recruit two million women into the workforce to support the war effort.
1942 through the war
A research an development project in WWII that produced the first atomic bombs. Led to the end of war on the Eastern Front.
1942 - 1946
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