Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
1) When Columbus landed in America, the chief reason that he thought he had landed in “the Indies” was
A) the ease with which the natives understood his language.
B) his discovery of the place of the Grand Khan.
C) his firm belief that he had sailed far enough westward to reach them.
D) the plants there were similar to those in Asia.
When discussing the question of the terrible decimation of the Native American peoples after 1500, your text concludes that most deaths resulted from
A) European diseases.
B) intertribal warfare.
C) modern weaponry.D) extermination of traditional game.
One of the major reasons the Protestant Reformation succeeded was that
A) Italian merchants realized it made fewer financial demands on them than Catholicism.
B) political figures could use its challenge to Rome’s spiritual authority in order to increase their power.
C) the Catholic church was beset by papal luxury and bureaucratic corruption.
D) it encouraged democratic revolutions to overthrow monarchies throughout Europe.
A serious problem in the early years of Jamestown was the
A) lack of pioneering skills among the settlers.
B) religious strife between Protestants and Catholics.
C) loss of life from constant Spanish raids.
D) exclusive focus on public improvements and farming.
The Pilgrims left England primarily because they
A) were expelled from England by the government.
B) believed the Church of England was too corrupt to save.
C) wanted to form a profitable trading company.
D) wanted to establish a colony where everyone could have freedom of religion.
The Mayflower Compact was an early example of the idea that
A) a society should be based on a set of rules chosen by its members.
B) a colony should treat the Native Americans honestly and fairly.
C) the colonists needed to have a financial stake in their success.D) toleration of all religions is a foundation of American society.
In the proprietary colony, the proprietor’s income resulted primarily from
A) profits gained from trading with the Native Americans.
B) annual rents from lands granted to settlers.
C) import and export duties paid by the colonists.
D) payments from the monarchy.
The colony founded as a religious refuge for Catholics was
A) Rhode Island.
B) New Jersey.
New York was an English colony because the English
A) planted a colony there before any other colonizing power.
B) immigrants to the area gradually overwhelmed foreign interests.
C) captured the area from the Dutch.
D) defeated the French in the War of Spanish Succession.
One source of problems between the Europeans and the Native Americans was the common European misunderstanding of the Native Americans’
A) sharp division of labor between men’s and women’s work.
B) common language and culture throughout the hemisphere.
C) desire to preserve the environment in its purest state.
D) idea of communal land tenure.
Columbus was unaware of Marco Polo’s overland journey to Asia in the thirteenth century.
Most Native Americans eagerly adopted European technology.
The plants and animals Europeans introduced to the Americas did not have a negative effect on the existing ecosystem.
Spain’s northern frontier of New Mexico and Texas was characterized by
A) creation of a strong Hispanic colony in California by the end of the eighteenth century.
B) complete domination of Plains Indians by Spain’s military outposts.
C) a total and effective enslavement of the Indians.
D) powerful Comanche resistance to the Spanish aided by their use of horses and guns.
Slavery of blacks in the British colonies was
A) unique, since no other colonial nation had ever enslaved blacks.
B) simply copied from the institution of slavery already existing in England.
C) restricted to the southern colonies.
D) firmly established by laws in Virginia and Maryland at least as early as 1660.
The most accurate statement about tobacco during the seventeenth century is that it
A) was immediately encouraged by both King James I and the London Company.
B) grew on semicleared land, but required a lot of human labor.
C) sold so poorly that there was little interest in growing it.
D) was initially grown on large, well-manicured fields.
The South Carolina cash crop of indigo
A) could be grown side by side with rice in the paddies along the seacoast.
B) was resisted by the British woolens industry, which sought to prohibit its production.
C) displaced tobacco, which had been an earlier cash crop of the colony.
D) was introduced by plantation owner Eliza Lucas.
Colonial regulations governing the behavior of blacks
A) were forced on the colonies by the British.
B) were part of each colony’s basic constitution.
C) allowed free blacks to vote and serve on juries.
D) gave blacks no civil rights and had severe punishments.
The Anglican Church was “established” in certain colonies, which meant that
A) every citizen had to pay 10 percent of his or her income to the Anglican Church.
B) all laws had to be approved by the church.
C) it had the same legal status and privilege as any other religious group.
D) its ministers were supported by public funds.
In 1771, frontier Regulators from ________, protesting their lack of representation in their colonial assembly, were defeated in a pitched battle with government troops.
A) New York
B) North Carolina
Under the terms of the Halfway Covenant,
A) unbaptized church members could receive communion but could not present their own children for baptism.
B) only those who could give evidence of God’s grace could become even halfway members of the church.
C) halfway members of the church and their children could be baptized, but could not receive communion.
D) churches and merchants agreed to meet each other halfway in their dispute over excess profits.
The driving force of the colonial New England economy became
A) small textile factories and their workers.
B) maritime trade and those engaged in it.
C) banking and financial services.
D) fishing and whaling.
Both Leisler’s Rebellion and the “Paxton Boys” uprising
A) successfully overthrew existing colonial governments.
B) challenged the traditional authority of masters over their slaves.
C) led to more women assuming public authority.D) were challenges by outsiders to those who traditionally had power in colonial governments.
One of the few advantages a colonial governor had in conflicts with his colonial subjects was his
A) permanent tenure of office.
B) complete freedom to maneuver without restrictions imposed on him by the king.
C) financial independence from the colonial legislatures.
D) power to summon and dismiss the colonial assembly.
A fundamental goal of mercantilism was to
A) obtain raw materials from the mother country rather than from its colonies.
B) eliminate obstacles to free trade.
C) acquire raw materials from the colonies and have the colonies import manufactured goods from the mother country.
D) import manufactured goods from colonies because of their cheap labor supply.
In practice, the British mercantile system worked so that the
A) colonies’ interests predominated over those of the mother country.
B) mother country’s interests predominated over those of the colonies.
C) colonies and mother country were equal partners, sharing a general imperial interest.
D) interests of the northern colonies were favored over the southern colonies.
The Great Awakening tended to emphasize
A) an emotional and revivalistic style of religion.
B) human reason and scientific observation as the key to truth.
C) preaching to those who were already church members.
D) the basic goodness and sinlessness of human nature.
The British victory in the French and Indian War was due largely to
A) British soldiers financed by the British government.
B) American soldiers financed by the colonial assemblies.
C) American soldiers financed by the British government.
D) British soldiers financed by the colonial assemblies.
Americans were most alarmed by the Sugar Act of 1764 because it
A) could be used to stop colonial trade altogether.
B) deprived them of their right to participate in the sugar trade.
C) opened up colonial trade in sugar to the vessels of France and Spain.
D) asserted Parliament’s right to tax Americans for revenue purposes.
The British reasoned that either Parliament was sovereign in the colonies or not and therefore any distinction between tax legislation and any other form of legislation was
One reason that American protests against the Stamp Act were vehement was that it
A) was a new form of taxation, having no precedent in England.
B) greatly increased the cost of all articles imported into America.
C) taxed influential and articulate groups such as lawyers and newspaper editors.D) prohibited the hiring of colonists responsible for printing and distributing the stamps
The most important American objection to the Tea Act of 1773 was that it
A) made tea prohibitively expensive for American consumers.
B) was coupled with the arrival of British regiments in Boston to enforce the trade laws.
C) seemed to be a trick to trap Americans into paying the Townshend duty on tea.
D) closed colonial ports which refused to import English tea.
In response to the Boston Tea Party, the British passed a series of laws which, among other things, closed the port of Boston and strengthened the power of the governor of Massachusetts. In the colonies, these acts were known as the ________ Acts.
C) Royal Brute
The Crown reserved the right to veto colonial laws.
In the seventeenth century, the English were eager to make an alliance with the Iroquois against the French.
The purpose of the British army’s march on Concord, Massachusetts, in April 1775 was to
A) train their troops for what appeared to be inevitable war.
B) force Massachusetts leaders to pay for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party.
C) track down the persons responsible for burning the Gaspee.
D) seize the war supplies stored there.
After the Battle of Bunker Hill, Congress and the bulk of the American people were
A) still reluctant to declare independence.
B) ready to surrender on any terms the British offered.
C) convinced that the war could not be lost.
D) forming local militias to fight the British.
An American advantage in the war for independence was
A) an incompetent and unprofessional British army.
B) a strong centralized government capable of organizing the war effort.
C) British reluctance to engage in full-scale war against the colonies.
D) the undivided loyalty of Americans to the patriotic cause.
A major British advantage in 1776 was their
A) control of both Boston and New York City.
B) ability to rely on loyal Americans for supplies and troops.
C) far larger population than the colonies’.
D) strong public support for sending their crack troops for a full-scale attack on the colonies.
Battles in and around ________ in August and September of 1776 were ignominious defeats for Washington’s forces and seemed to presage an easy British triumph in the war.
D) New York City
The major British defeat of 1777 at ________ was caused mostly by the extremely poor coordination of the campaign.
D) Valley Forge
The American negotiators at the Paris Peace Conference violated their instructions from Congress by
A) rejecting any attempt to restore Tory property seized during the Revolution.
B) agreeing to continued British control of Canada.
C) refusing to rely on the Comte de Vergennes and negotiating a separate treaty with Great Britain.D) surrendering American rights to fish on the Grand Banks off Newfoundland
As part of the social reforms accompanying the Revolution, all states which still had them abolished
A) primogeniture and entail.
B) property qualifications for voters.
C) public taxes to support religion.
D) slavery and apprenticeship.
When analyzing the relationship between the American Revolution and nationalism, your text concludes that a feeling of American nationalism
A) provoked the movement toward American independence.
B) was actually an obstacle the Patriots had to overcome.
C) emerged out of the necessity to unite in order to win the war.
D) had been very strong since the founding of the colonies.
George Washington’s greatest strength as a national hero was his
A) warm, outgoing personality.
B) brilliant strategic and tactical abilities as a military commander.
C) powerful oratorical and literary abilities.D) personal sacrifices and his obvious disinclination toward becoming a dictator
After the Revolution, the American balance of exports and imports became
A) very unfavorable as British merchants poured low-priced manufactured goods into America.
B) quite unfavorable due to over-expansion and overproduction by American industry.
C) distinctly favorable as the British West Indies were opened to American trade.
D) very favorable as Americans who manufactured low-priced goods flooded the European economy.
Which of the following statements about Shays’s Rebellion is true?
A) Citizens of other states were generally indifferent to it.
B) The central government effectively aided Massachusetts in quelling the rebellion.
C) Many leaders, such as Washington, concluded that the central government must be strengthened.
D) Most of the rebels were unemployed shipyard workers, frustrated by the depression of the 1780s.
The principle of the Three-Fifths Compromise was that
A) amendments could be made in the Constitution with the consent of three-fifths of the states.
B) three-fifths of the members of the House and of the Senate needed to approve all important bills in Congress.
C) treaties could be ratified only by a three-fifths majority of the Senators.
D) three-fifths of the slaves would be counted in determining each state’s representation and share of direct federal taxes.
The purpose of the ________ Amendment to the Constitution was to mollify those who feared the states would be destroyed by the new government.
Alexander Hamilton believed that the United States needed a
A) completely unregulated economy.
B) strong national government.
C) political democracy with no restrictions on voting and office holding.
D) weak national government.
Congress will “take possession of a boundless field of power, no longer susceptible to any definition” if the “necessary and proper clause” is not literally interpreted. This was the sentiment of
A) Alexander Hamilton, favoring the Bill of Rights.
B) Thomas Jefferson, opposing the National Bank.
C) Alexander Hamilton, favoring the National Bank.
D) Thomas Jefferson, opposing the Bill of Rights.
The author of the Report on Manufactures, which was a bold call for national economic planning, was
A) Thomas Jefferson.
B) James Madison.
C) Alexander Hamilton.
D) Patrick Henry.
When confronted by the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, Washington
A) lacked the power to suppress it.
B) suppressed it peacefully with a tremendous show of force.
C) ignored it until it died out.
D) met with the leaders to discuss their problems.
In his “Farewell Address,” George Washington indicated his
A) support of northern commercial interests.
B) belief that political parties were harmful and divisive.
C) willingness to run for a third term if nominated.D) support for a military alliance with England
When the French indicated a willingness to reopen the negotiations that had been disrupted by the XYZ Affair, President Adams responded by
A) demanding conquest of the remaining Spanish colonies in North and South America.
B) pursuing a policy of international peace, despite Federalist demands for war.
C) playing upon French fears by discussing an alliance with England.
D) disregarding the French overtures because the Federalists had turned American hostility toward the French against the Republicans also.
A major reason why American politics were so bitter right after the Revolution is the personal basis of the parties and their controversies.
One of the main differences between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton was that Hamilton
A) believed that city-dwellers were easily corrupted by demagogues.
B) was a Republican.
C) thought commercialization and centralization was best for the country.
D) opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts.
The president known for his “pell-mell” style of plain dress and informal entertaining was
A) George Washington.
B) John Adams.
C) Thomas Jefferson.
D) James Madison.
As president, Thomas Jefferson
A) appointed only Republicans to his Cabinet.
B) followed Washington’s example of dignified pomp and ceremony.
C) escalated conflicts between himself and his opponents.
D) followed Washington’s example of a non-partisan, balanced Cabinet.
In Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall cleverly established the power of the Supreme Court to
A) issue writs ordering governmental officials to perform certain duties.
B) invalidate federal laws held to be in conflict with the Constitution.
C) remove governmental officials who refused to perform their duties.
D) award damages to governmental officials deprived of their jobs.
In the end, Jefferson justified the purchase of Louisiana by
A) reminding the country of the dangers presented by foreigners in North America.
B) appealing to the “manifest destiny” of the United States to expand westward to the Pacific.
C) amending the Constitution specifically to allow the addition of new territories.
D) bowing to “the good sense of the country” which seemed to demand the acquisition despite constitutional difficulties.
One of the purposes of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
A) build military outposts to serve as trading centers with the Native American tribes.
B) bring Protestantism to the Native Americans.
C) drive the Spanish out of Oregon.
D) establish official relations with Native American tribes.
In addition to the Lewis and Clark expedition, Jefferson dispatched ________ to explore the upper Mississippi Valley and the Colorado region.
A) Zebulon Pike
B) Thomas Freeman
C) Francis Parkman
D) Daniel Boone
The episode which immediately prompted the Embargo Act was the
A) naval conflict between the Constitution and the Guerriere.
B) French blockade of major American ports.
C) British refusal to pay American tariffs.
D) attack on the Chesapeake by the Leopard.
According to the _____________, trade with Great Britain and France was forbidden and could only resume by presidential proclamation when either power ceased violating the rights of Americans.
A) Non-Intercourse Act
B) Embargo Act
C) Berlin Decree
D) Milan Decree
One of the major reasons for American entry in the War of 1812 was the
A) American belief that the Spanish were inspiring Native American resistance to American expansion.
B) French attacks on American shipping.
C) American belief that the French were inspiring Native American resistance to American expansion.D) American belief that the British were inspiring Native American resistance to American expansion
The Shawnee chief who tried to bind all of the tribes east of the Mississippi into a great confederation in the early 1800s was
A) Little Turtle.
B) Chief Joseph.
Among the causes of the War of 1812 was the
A) demand from New England merchants that their shipping be protected.
B) desire of Westerners to expand into Canada.
C) British repeal of the Orders in Council.
D) French blockade of American ports.
The Battle of New Orleans in 1815 resulted in the
A) negotiation of the Treaty of Ghent on terms favorable to the United States.
B) acquisition of the area through the Louisiana Purchase.
C) emergence of Andrew Jackson as a military hero.
D) writing of “The Star-Spangled Banner” by Francis Scott Key.
The measure in which Great Britain and the United States agreed to set a limit on the number of armed vessels on the Great Lakes was the
A) Rush-Bagot Agreement.
B) Transcontinental Treaty.
C) St. Lawrence Accord.
D) Monroe Doctrine.
The Monroe Doctrine’s warning against European interference in America came because ________ colonies rebelled to gain their independence.
Western opinion on public land policy in the early nineteenth century generally favored
A) increasing the price and the minimum size offered for sale.
B) reducing the price, but increasing the minimum size offered for sale.
C) reducing the price and the minimum size offered for sale.
D) increasing the price, but reducing the minimum size offered for sale.
The vote in the House of Representatives on Tallmadge’s amendment to the Missouri Enabling Act in 1819 demonstrated that
A) the rapidly growing North controlled the House of Representatives.
B) only a small minority of politicians favored restricting the expansion of slavery.
C) the South retained the power to limit the actions of the House.
D) the emerging West held the balance of power in the House.
The president chosen in 1824 by the House of Representatives when no candidate received a majority of votes in the Electoral College was
A) James Monroe.
B) Andrew Jackson.
C) John Quincy Adams.
D) James Madison.
As president, John Quincy Adams
A) was an inept politician.
B) eloquently aroused public support for his programs.
C) was extraordinarily sensitive to the mood of public opinion.D) strongly opposed federal support for internal improvements
) Southerners insisted on admitting Missouri as a slave state to preserve a balance of power in the Senate.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!