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are introduced to Europe, new animals to
the new world. Millions of Native
Americans die from European diseases.
-preaching that good deeds=better chances for salvation; she feels this is wrong
-holds independent bible studies in her home; disrupting church processions
-Exiled form Boston in 1638 to Rhode Island
-On trial, try tricking her with theological questions; end up thinking that God speaks to her, so she is almost accused of witchcraft
A. ideas influential for founding fathers
B. Natural Rights of Man
C. Monarchy is bad, leads to tyranny
D. Thoughts believed in democracy-monarchy is the problem
E. Two treatises in government
1. what to call George Washington
2. didn't want to be close to monarchy
3. distancing-away from class = structure
-in order to get the taxes he wanted
-end of American Revolution
-farmers attacked the people who collected taxes
-government can do things not entitled by the declaration
-most hated, act on paper
-printed materials in colony of stamped paper in london w/ embossed revenue stamp
-help pay for Seven Years War
-BRits thought colonies benefitted so they should pay
-three mutually reinforcing parts
1.tariff-promote/protect American industry
2. national bank-commerce
3. federal subsidies-internal improvements
-protective tarrif-20-25% from foreign competition
1816 passed by congress
Free Labor System
‘free’—reference to old system- old is bound
good thing-economic incentives for capitalists
The Belief that everyone is capable of being perfect.
-Radical Way of thinking
-Began in church
-Natural Human Rights
Allows equal opportunity for anyone who can be educated.
-Taught by Perfected Moral Women
-Only In the North
-Led to Social Reform = Women are now in separate spheres (job and house life)
-held court sessions trying to fight the parliament
-"no taxation without representation"
-they believed that the problem was not with the kind-the start out thinking the parliament is the problem
-believe the king was being mislead
-townshend act-guns, tea
-abigail adams to john adams
-women, slave, elites thought about freedom
-Part of early 19th Century Reform Movements in the North
-Associated with Perfectionism
-Teaches criminals how to regulate their lives
-This hopefully will make them better
-Lives were controlled: Meal time, exercise, & church
-Social Reformers: implemented this to help working class internalize the new economic system
A train route across the United States, finished in 1869. It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west. The two lines met in Utah. finalized decision, N v S route, N won
further northern interest-- South had no power
-Beginning conflict between N and S
-Stated that slave owners are benefiting slaves because they value them and take care of them since they are part of their capital.
-System developed by southern cities
-A slave owner would rent out his salve to do other work
-Results in slaves making more money for owners
-Owners lose power over their slaves b/c they do not live with them
-Threatened the slave system
-Drop commitment for equal rights in North (women and blacks)
-Believe that the constitution is pro-slavery document
-Family values approach to slavery: everyone should have the right to the family
-Slave holding men have toooooo much power
**Mostly Ministers make up this group. Joined Republicans
-Feared that the country was overwhelemed with German and Irish Catholic Immigrants (taking work class jobs)
-**Protestant males made up the group
-Changed old rule for if a new state would be free or slave(Mason-Dixon line & MO compromise)
-People in territory vote. (Failed in Kansas-Bleeding Kansas)
-Federal govt invented popular sov to avoid dealing with tissue of slavery
-Fromed by various groups in north who disagreed with slavery
-Radical Liberty Party (ministers),
-Free Soil Party (conservatives. small farmers)
-Know Nothings (wanted to become small farmers)
-Ex-Whigs (formed Republican Party)
-all united b/c idea of slave power. (have too much)
-Failure of Popular Sov
-Kansas applied to be state. Free and slave state supported rushed into territy to vote.
-Violence along MO border between abolitionist in KS, and pro-slavery people in MO
-Sig** Pop Sov failed and it shows that the fed govt would have to deal with this b/c too controversial
North had more resources for fighting in war than the South
-North had: factories, more people, and more food.
-South had: only more cotton, mismanaged that.
----*So, odds were against the South winning the war to beging with
Laws passed by North in war to manage slaves who kept running away to Union Army
-Problem: US still officially supported property rights of slave owners (union war aims)
-1861 version=slaves used in war effort
-1862 law=just had to belong to rebels for them to legally confiscated by the Union.
-Black agency causeed passing of law.. **or union may not have done it.
Guarantee civil rights to blacks.
-Led to: Radical Reconstruction= including military occupation of the south, b/c Southern states cont'd to pass and enforce black code
-Use Law To: Support white or black southern victory
(depending on how you think of it)
Freedmen: status given to free men coming out of the civil war; or what end up happening to free men after the civil war.
-The Freedmen are not independent, they got nothing, and ended up in sharecropping.
-Spread to the white south as well
2/3 of the white south were tenants or sharecroppers
-Early 19th Century-Work and Home divide
-Post civil war: women gain more rights in (home)sphere
-Had Guardian Rights: Children property rights, etc.
-The Cult of domessticity that developed-Victorian Era, privileges positions of positions of mothers and children
-Women still no rights in public sphere (15th amendment=first gender law. only male vote)
-Republicans say slave owners have too much power over: slaves, whites who do not own slaves, their families, and in the government
-Due to this idea, when slave owners won legal debates in government, they lost politically because north began to believe slave power was real.
A laid out Radical Abolitionist thoughts:
-Slaves should rise up against their masters
-This Triggered fear in South
-Biggest Fear= Getting attacked
-Ruffin thought: Interregional slave trade was damaging to slave system b/c this switched to wage labor for farmers
-Afraid of: political figures would no longer support slavery in the gov if they didnt own slaves
Edmund Ruffin (Cont'd)
-Reasons for slaved to move west: Soil in south exhausted.
-Solution= rotate crops and use different plowing techniques
Significance: His attempt to save slavery in slave-holding states for political support.
-All land that is gained should be free & not for slavery.
-Non-slave owners do not want to compete with slave owners for land
-Black slaves. Master moved to free-state, brought them as slaved. Argued to be free.
-Supreme court: slaves are always property
Good and Bad for Rep. Party:
-Bad: Made their position on slavery illegal (containing slavery to South was not allowed under dred scott decision)
-Good: Gave more support to Republican idea of slave power.
-John Brown-Northerner-along with rebels and slaved planned to rob Harpers Ferry b/c there was an arsenal.
-Important b/c it was the South's biggest fear (North rising against them)
-Loss/Killing of Brown, the North became more militant
-Stood by the Republican position of containment of slavery, causing succeed of south.
-First President from Rep Party
-South Caroline= 1st state, others followed.
-South thought fed gov would attack slavery b/c Lincoln confirmed that he would follow policy of containment if elected
-Containment: widely believed by both sides: slowly smother slavery until it dies out naturally
-S. States secceeded b/c didnt think they had a choice
First battle of Civil War.
-Union was calling Confed's bluff: either they had to admit they were not serious or fight.
-Made Lincoln look good--- demonstrated South wasnt serious, or it would look like south's fault cause the war would have started by the south.
-When N. controlled govt in CW, used as an opportunity to pass laws good for voters
-Gave land $$ to Universities in exchange for their teaching of (industrial ag, engineering, military service)
-These help industrial ag develop
(Important for national economy after CW)
An Order Issued 5 days after Antitem
-Proclaimed all enslaved in the Confederate territory to be free
-Slaves of states in rebellion would be emancipated.
-Opens door to having blacks serve in military
Negro Soldier Laws, March 1865
-Confederates let the blacks become soldiers
-Give blacks freedom in exchange for serving in the army
-States any man no matter race or color may vote.
Slaves can vote.
-South finds their way around this by enacting Grandfather Clause
-South ratifies the amendments, but finds ways around them.
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