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-Met onSeptember 5, 1774 in Philadelphia
-Declared the Intolerable Acts null andvoid.
-Adopts“radical Suffolk resolves”
-Adoptedthe Declaration of American Rights
-Congressadopted the "Continental Association" of 1774
B. Opened trade with any nation that agreed on America’s definition of free trade
President Thomas Jefferson's 1803 purchase from France of the important port of New Orleans and 828,000 square miles west of the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains
- more than doubled the territory of the United States at a cost of only $15 million.
Bought for Trade.!
C. Opened trade with every nation except Britain and France
Cultural line between the north and the south to separate the free and not free states- by Charles mason and jeremiah Dickson
A long, slow, uneven process in which production shifted from simple hand tools to complex machines
The idea that the south would develop into its own country like, its how they became the confederates
lead a ban of rebels plantation to plantation slaughtering countless whites; eventually caught and hanged; resulted in legal codes against black education, rules, and regulation
The movement to make slavery and the slave trade illegal. Begun by Quakers in England in the 1780s.
organization founded in 1817 by antislavery reformers that called for gradual emancipation and removal of freed blacks to Africa created by Robert finely
-(1805-1879) Garrison was a famous American abolitionist, social reformer, and journalist. He is best known for his famous paper The Liberator and for his founding of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Garrison was also a voice for the women's suffrage movement.
New York abolitionists who gained legal help and acquittal for the Africans and managed to increase public support and fund-raising for the organized return trip home to Africa for surviving members of the group.Free Soil party
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an early leader of the woman's rights movement who wrote the Declaration of Sentiments as a call to arms for female equality.
The meeting took place in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19th and 20th 1848. 300 Women and 40 men went to the second day to discuss the rights of women. They wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
largest reform organization of its time dedicated to ending the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages
Increasing in number by the 1900s, immensely crowded, unsanitary, dumbell tenement that provided minimal ventilation and were not very spacious, became known as lung blocks Roman Catholics
cities in which more people walked since in this era, there were other forms of transit (ex. Electric trolleys) that would allow mass transportation; leg-power was limited and transits gave more freedom to do more
no immigrants and no Catholics aka American party
The belief that Americans had the right and the duty to spread across the continent to the Pacific Ocean
Texas won independence from Mexico- Treaty- The agreement (peace treaty) that ended the Texas Revolution & gave Texas freedom from Mexico
slogan of those wanting to take all of Oregon; numbers (54 40') was line of latitude where people wanted Oregon border; did not want compromise of 49th parallel, as was done by President Polk.
War with Mexico which began in 1846 when the U.S. annexed Texas and Mexico challenged the Border. Battles were fought in Texas, and Mexico was invaded from the Atlantic Ocean by General Winfield Scott. Scott attacked Mexico City and Chapultepec. The war ended with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.
A nineteenth-century American author best known for Uncle Tom's Cabin, a powerful novel that inflamed sentiment against slavery.
Sen. Douglas wanted to divide the territory into the Nebraska Territory and the Kansas Territory; to gain support of the South, he decided slavery could be decided by popular sovereignty
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in KansasTerritory where new proslavery and antislavery constitutions competed.The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
This was an antislavery organization that came from the North. They had a mission to send anti-slavery people to the Kansas-Nebraska territory in order to sway the vote in the area of popular sovereignty over the slave issue. Their goal was to abolish slavery in the West.
Charles Sumner gave a two day speech on the Senate floor. He denounced the South for crimes against Kansas and singled out Senator Andrew Brooks of South Carolina for extra abuse. Brooks beat Sumner over the head with his cane, severely crippling him.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who wrote an opinion in the 1857 Dred Scott case that declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
He was a sloave in Missouri who went to court to ask for his freedom. He said he was free because his owner lived in a free state for 4 years. Two state courts made 2 opposong decisions so Scott went to the Supreme Court in 1857
a series of seven debates in towns throughout Ilinois during the 1858 senitorial election
Laws passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves
A law making it a crime to help runaway slaves. If caught could face up to 6 months in prison and a $1000 dollar fine. Commissioners 10 dollars right slave $5 dollars wrong slave.
the winning commander of all the Union armies during the last part of the Civil War- motto “never give up”
he served as franklin pierces secretary of war and became one of the souths leading advocates in the senate
Set local recruitment quotas in the North. It caused states and towns to entice volunteers with cash bounties and eventually nearly a million men signed up. As in the South, wealthy men could avoid service by providing a substitute or $300.
Andrew Johnson attempted to carry out Lincoln's plan for the political Reconstruction of the 11 former states of the Confederacy
Reconstruction strategy that was based on severely punishing South for causing war.
-Prevented blacks from voting/holding office etc
-Prevented blacks from serving in state militias
-Prohibited interracial marriage between whites and blacks
-Mandated and regulated labor contracts between whites and free blacks
Process by which elected officials are removed from office
1- House of Reps. vote for impeachment. Need 51% to proceed
2- Senate holds a trial. Senate acts as jury- need a 2/3 vote. Chief Justice Presides
3- If removed from office, cannot hold a position in office again
- If you are born or naturalized in the U.S. then you are a citizen of the U.S.
If you are born or naturalized in the U.S. then you are a citizen of the U.S.
The crusades were important in preparing the west for the age of exploration because:
D. They showed Europeans that they were rein lands to the East
D. A successful nation should trade it exports for gold and silver
In the 1570’s and the 1580’s, Sir Humphrey Gilbert came to America in order to:
In “Excerpt From letter to the Sovereign” Christopher Columbus discloses:
The Calverts passed the “Act Concerning Religion” in Maryland:
During the 1700’s, the system of indentured servitude became less popular because:
C. former indentured servants often became a political and social problem for the land-owning class
The colonial Quakers possessed all of the following characteristics except:
The idea of the Puritan, “City on the Hill” in America was destroyed by:
According to your textbook, the most likely method for man to reach North America was:
B. By crossing a “land bridge” from Asia to…
C. Leave the Church of England to start over
When Winthrop considered immigrating to New England, he settled his mind by:
The Massachusetts Bay Company appointed Winthrop to the job of:
C. Gave partial church membership to anyone who was not a known sinner
By and Large, the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Company saw Winthrop as:
Colonial forces managed to first capture the “impregnable” French forces of Louisburg in this war:
C. King George’s War
William Penn used the land he received from the king in America to:
B. Create a refuge for Quakers
The question that bothered most Puritans was whether they:
C. Writing a book praising the opportunities in North America
The Spanish empire in America was eventually doomed because:
C. They created an all male society, which ruled by did not populate the colonies
After the first hard winter, and 200 deaths, many backers still in England recommended that Winthrop
B. Move further South
The experiences of the American regiment, raised and used in the attack on Chesapeake…
The Puritans did not forbid alcohol because:
C. They believed it was provided by God for man’s use
B. he hoped to take part in the lucrative spice trade with the Orient
C. The integrity of the family was an important aspect of their lives
B. So alienating the population of New Amsterdam that they refused to fight the invading British
A. King Charles II needed to renew his faithful followers.
B. The Shareholders took the charter to America, away from the king’s meddling
A. enacting as a judge in minor law cases
The French were finally defeated in Canada during this war, leaving English in control of North America:
D. The French and Indian War
The Americans came to believe that there were conspiracies within the British government. They particularly blamed this state of affairs on:
D. The Cabinet ministers
A. Provoked riots in the colonies
D. Being the Commander in Chief of the American forces
The first shot of the Revolutionary War was fired in Massachusetts at:
A. Shipped only to England or other English colonies
C. The Tea Act
The second part of the Declaration of Independence was an “indictment’ against the King of Britain for:
In order to win support for the federal assumption of state debts, Hamilton negotiated a bargain that:
B. Called for the Construction of a new capital on the banks of the Potomac River
Before the Constitutional Convention began, the farmers decided to:
C. The national government would be prohibited from taxing the states
A. A strong central government would be prohibited from taxing true states
The authors of the Federalist Papers wrote them for the purpose of:
A. Call for a convention to correct the defects in the Articles of Confederation
The major problem that the United States government, had with the Articles of Confederation was:
A. The government had no power
In the fight over the Bank of the US Hamilton argued for a doctrine that will become known as:
D. Implied Powers
In response to popular ideas of social construct and popular sovereignty, most states during the Revolution under took to:
D. Provide a rational method of settling the Lands between Ohio and the Great Lakes
C. Counted three-fifths of the slaves in a state toward the population for the purpose of representation in congress
D. Promote land speculation and rapid growth financed by state banks
The 2nd Bank of the US did all of the following except:
D. The remote land speculation and rapid growth financed by state Banks
The Republican vision of America was proposed by Thomas Jefferson included the idea of:
James Madison objected to Hamilton’s funding and assumption plan on the grounds that it:
C. Forced speculators who had bought bonds from the original owners
The Confederation government was never able to put its finances in order because:
C. it could not tax the states
The failure of the Articles of Confederation includes all of the following except:
B. Congress passed heavy taxes to pay for the debt
C. The Federal Government can only do what the Constitution specifically says
Although Americans risked being captured by both the British and French Natives, Americans considered the worst offenders to be:
Because of opposition to the War of 1812, the Hartford Convention was called by:
B. New England Federalists
B. the way things were before the war
In 1819, the application by Missouri for admission to the Union raised the issue of:
A. Adopted the programs of the federalists
The first steamboat to make the round trip from Pittsburg to New Orleans:
War Hawks believed that fighting the British would solve problems with:
B. The Indians
C. The US got Florida from Spain
In what is sometimes called the 2nd Missouri Compromise, Congress agreed to:
Napoleon caused the United States to impose an embargo against Britain by invoking a clause in:
C. Macon’s Bill #2
A. War with Britain
A. America would take possession of the Northwest
B. New Orleans
B. The spread of cotton growing throughout the South
The creation of a 2nd party system in the 1830’s produced competition between the:
Andrew Jackson claimed that he lost the election of 1824 as a result of:
A. a “Corrupt Bargain” between John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay
Thomas Macdonough’s victory over the British on Lake Champlain guaranteed that:
B. The US would not have to give up land in the peace settlement
The greatest advance in river transportation following the War of 1812 was the invention of the:
D. Steam engine
B. The cotton gin
Under the Missouri Compromise the entrance of Missouri as a state was paired with the admission of:
C. Stage Coach
The economy of New York was transformed by the:
B. Allowed trade to flow from the Great Lakes to New York, and back
C. A depression in America
The preeminent leader of the North between the War of 1812 and the Compromise of 1850 was:
By the mid 1830’s it was clear that the main form of transportation in the US would be:
The preeminent leader of the west between the War of 1812 resulted in:
A. Henry Clay
The Transportation Revolution after the War of 1812 resulted in:
The National Road between Cumberland MD and Wheeling VA was all of the following except:
A. A free road built by the federal government
The preeminent leader of the South between the War of 1812 and the Compromise of 1850 was:
B. John C. Calhoun
A. War Hawks
The main reason that Northerners resisted the addition of Missouri as a slave state was:
B. The 3/5 compromise would give any new slave state too much representation
The man who was known as the “Great Compromiser” was:
A. Henry Clay
Many believed the boldest move of the Constitutional Convention was the decision to:
Wood claims that, in reality, the most important aspect of Jefferson’s personality was:
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