3-1 New Order The Night of Long Knives Origin of SS-State- Elite, closer to leadership Coalition of Police and intel services of Nazi party As a forewarning- future treatment of enemies As a practice- rounding up people and killing them in cold blood. Turned slaughter into a noble act The New Order What was it predicated on? Legality, being elected Making the dictatorship legitimate, combined leadership Nazification of the German State Put Nazi?s at the top high ranking positions within Government Make all people devout to leadership, rather than the beauocracy Heinrich Himmler 1929 Reich- SS- Was the leader, became a great administrator Loyalty to Fuhrer- created a hierarchy within police. Developed the Night of Long Knives 1936 Chief of German Police The SS State Expansion of SS control Intelligence Gathering- look for plots against Hitler and the German state both internally and externally Legal and extra legal enforcement SS Packed Into Police Units Competition SS/SA Legacy Duplicated- essentially 2 dif. Militias. This competition promoted competition, loyalty, and better individual strength Reason and Emotion- SA used emotion to get people excited and violent whereas the SS used scientific reasoning and rationale to show Aryan superiority Prepared People for extermination- Mass demonstrations and organized meetings put followers into a mob mentality Loyalty and clothing Displayed loyalty, power, and cohesion Sicherheitsdienst ( SD) SS intel and information Formed in 1931 Looked for threats to Nazi leadership- became state intell. Gestapo Secret state police. Nazified branch of state police Political and racial crimes are main concern SS control Criminal Police ( Kripo) Inherited by Nazis Used for ordinary crime- bottom on totum pole Proving ground for Waffen-SS- trained with high powered weapons 1936 Reorganization State Police, City, and Local All combine to become the ? Orpo? Kripo, Gestapo, and SD become part of Security Police headed up by Heydrich. Heydrich uses position to commit genocide
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