The chapter introduction tells the story of the "Exodusters" to make the point that
hopes for the future in the South and West confronted realities of "colonial" economies built on exploited lands and peoples.
What is NOT true about the post-Civil War southern economy?
Despite dreams of a "New South," industry never took hold in the South before 1900.
All of the following were reasons sharecroppers could not move up the "agricultural ladder" EXCEPT
the failure of new fertilizers.
Wages in southern industries remained low because
of the historic low wage pattern in agriculture.
The lumber industry actually left the South poorer because
All these answers are correct.
Southern poverty persisted for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
a lack of northern capital in the region.
To what does the term "Jim Crow" refer?
a system of legalized separation of blacks as socially inferior
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
established the concept of "separate but equal."
Which of the following was NOT true of cowboys during this period?
They dramatically improved upon the herding techniques they learned from Mexican ranchers.
General Custer's expedition into the Black Hills of South Dakota
spread rumors of gold to encourage whites to migrate to the region.
The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 proved destructive because it
attacked the communal structure of tribal life
When Anglo cattle ranchers forced Hispanos off lands near Las Vegas, Las Gorras Blancas (White Caps)
burned Anglo fences, haystacks, barns, and houses.
Western booms followed what typical pattern?
Initially, individuals rushed in for quick profits; then, corporations moved in with hired labor.
The cattle boom on the Great Plains ended in part because
severe weather conditions and overgrazing wiped out many ranchers.
Buffalo Bill Cody
promoted a popular image of the Wild West that became accepted around the world.
All of the following factors resulted in many Indian deaths on the Great Plains EXCEPT
Indians always refusing to move to new land
The era of the New South
was characterized by a persistence of rural poverty and racial divisiveness
The chapter introduction tells the story of the journeys of Robert Ferguson and T. S. Hudson to make the point that
Americans created huge transportation and industrial systems between the 1860s and 1880s.
developed an "invention factory" in Menlo Park, New Jersey in order to guarantee a steady and profitable stream of new inventions.
Changes in each of the following fields played a significant role in the development of a national industrial network, EXCEPT
acted as a great social leveler.
Industries relied on each of the following as primary sources of labor EXCEPT
The ________ was an essential system undergirding the rise of big business; it was itself big business; and it was a stimulus to other enterprises because it consumed so many natural resources.
The railroad companies
got into rate wars trying to increase their volume of traffic.
Rockefeller and Carnegie built corporations that systematized industrial processes and illustrated
how new technologies made it possible to use natural resources in new ways and on a grander scale.
The chief counsel of Standard Oil created a new business structure called the
Which of the following men promoted what was called "social Darwinism"?
The wave of corporate mergers after 1893 resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
the stability that came with big business bringing less extreme cycles of boom and bust.
What does the text mean by asserting that certain jobs were "feminized"?
Males tended to no longer pursue certain professional occupations once women entered them in significant numbers.
Which of the following statements about American workers is NOT true?
Samuel Gompers succeeded as a leader of the AFL because he advocated radical changes in the structure of American capitalism, rather than merely seeking better wages and working conditions.
Which statement about the American Federation of Labor is true?
The AFL had little inclination to include women or African Americans in its ranks.
The Molly Maguires were
a violent band of Irish miners who retaliated against the horrid working conditions in the mines.
The major beneficiary of dissension within the Democratic party in 1896 was
The chapter introduction tells the story of George Washington Plunkitt's "day of helping" to make the point that
people's needs in the exploding cities gave rise to a new breed of politicians who profited from graft.
The political bosses of turn-of-the-century cities were most often
immigrants or the children of immigrants.
Rural American migrants to the cities were led by
young single women.
Which one of the following statements about late nineteenth and early twentieth century immigrants is NOT true?
Most were Protestants.
What was the primary solution to the problem that cities could hardly survive, let alone grow, without improved transportation?
A new innovation in housing that ended up making slum conditions worse was the
Which is NOT true of political machines?
They convinced city-dwellers that government should not be trusted to help the needy.
A new experiment in providing social services to slum-dwellers featured centers where middle-class women lived among the poor, providing amenities and teaching American ways to immigrants. This was called the
created "paper sons" and "paper daughters" after the San Francisco earthquake.
What statement about the urban middle-class home and family is NOT true?
Since women were judged by the state of their homes, most households employed live-in servants.
Which of the following was NOT among trends in education in the late nineteenth century?
City girls and boys attended school together for most of the workday.
The "new women"
participated in sports such as tennis, golf, cycling, and skating.
New outlets for selling consumer goods included all EXCEPT
the outlying shopping centers at the ends of the streetcar lines.
Vaudeville did each of the following EXCEPT
allow for smoking and drinking in the balconies.
The traveling circus
simultaneously reinforced and subverted social conventions.
The Interstate Commerce Commission was
unsuccessful in enforcing the public's call for regulating the railroad industry
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