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Linguistics for Everyone: An Introduction
When a creole becomes more like the common language
Creator of the comparative method
Sir William Jones
Creator of the Family Tree Theory
Author of the Dictionary of the English Language
Danish Linguist who worked out many of the relationships among the members of the Indo-European language family.
Also called the First Sound Shift, a sound shift that took place in all Germanic languages distinguishing them from non-Germanic Indo-European languages
Distinctions of Germanic Languages from other Indo-European Languages
- a common distinctive vocabulary
- an alveolar suffix for the past tense
- strong versus weak adjectives
- a fixed stress accent
Respellings that indicate informality: "wanna", "dunno"
Proposed a new spelling system which removed all silent letters; "colour" changes to "color"
Simplified Spelling Board
Supported by Andrew Carnegie and President Theodore Roosevelt. Carnegie's death, resultant lack of funding slowed spelling reform movement
New alphabet and spelling system developed by playwright George Bernard Shaw
Introduced the printing press to England in 1476.
Communities of Practice
Group whose members come together and share activities, beliefs, and perceptions
Geographical boundary of a particular linguistic feature
Feature that distinguishes one regional dialect from others
Assumes that languages change in regular and recognizable ways
Similarities among languages are due to a "genetic" relationship
Creator of the Wave Theory
Johannes Schmidt; theory that a change in a language occurs gradually
Title given to the speech of the people in the British Isles circa 449
began in 1931 with Hans Kurath
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