History 1301 Final
Last Modified: 2014-07-09
Small planters owned less than 59 slaves but they worked their doctors, lawyers...
Poor white farmers farm less than 20 acres and have no slaves 90%. Called white trash by great planters
-First major Civil War battle
-Union forces near victory, but Union troops to tired for Confederate reinforcements
Army was a major victory for the Union
-turning point of the war
4 days of fighting
railroads bribed congressmen to keep them quiet
Race riots - 9 blacks were hung because of the war being the issue and reason why they are going to war.
- Fort Wagner: Confederacy wins; recognize African- American 54th Regiment
Avoided impeachment by one vote
Slavery could not be allowed to expand.
A house divided against itself can not stand must be all slaves or all free.
- passed on March 3, 1873
- the day before 2nd-term inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant
- effect- double the salary of President to $50,000 and salaries of Supreme Court Justices
- 50% increase for Congress members
- public outcry led Congress to repeal the congressional salary increase
Tilden- South (democrat
Tilden was supported by the KKK won 184 popular electoral votes but needed 185 to win
Votes disputed in South Carolina, Lousinna and Florida Hayes wins these states
House decides...HAYES WINS
what: high taxes on whiskey, republican tax collectors- would keep some taxes for themselves
sig: showed corruption within republican gov
-angered democrats, turned into label for republican party
-public gets angry-- turn on reconstruction
-contributed to end of reconstruction
-discredited republican party
abolished slavery throughout union
introduced "slavery" into constitution
- Right to Vote - all men including slave but not women (1870)
-free labor system
-establishment of schools
-aid to destitute
-settle disputes between black and whites
-provide justice to the south
-written by Stephen Douglas
**nullified Missouri Compromise of 1820 and implemented popular sovereignty
-people paid by pro-slavers and abolitionists to vote in KA and NB, things got really bloody
Bleeding Kansas civil war breaks out
Birth of Republican Party
Scott vs Sanford 1859
Supreme Court rules congress lacked the authority to ban slavery from territories. Slavery is legal everywhere unless dates prohibits it
An intelligent, vain, and outspoken individual. Delivered the speech he called "The Crime Against Kansas"
1st American novel to portray slaves as real sympathetic people
Paints horrid of slavery and makes it real
1000's who were not involved in abolitionists movement now join anti slavery movement
- was an American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865.
(1920s) the Klan spread through the nation now involving women and young girls. (reaching its peak)
-the Klan of the 1920's thrived on nativism, anti-Catholicism, opposition to the cultural modernism
SIG: Had political influence over many states including California, Texas, and Oregon. (such as pulls in state elections)
~people were upset about popular sovereignty
- February 1862
- Union led by Grant; Confederacy led by Floyd
- Grant's first major success in Tennessee
- secured Northern hold on Kentucky and paved way for Grant
- cash crop farming
- grew indigo- plant that produced blue dye
- slave labor
- rice farming
- more slaves than white people
- white people lived in fear
- siege mentality, "us against the world"
group of numbers reserved for recording, classifying, storing and retrieving financial data
-believed by Thaddeus Stevens and radical republicans
- unsuccessful proposal introduced by Kentucky senator John J. Crittendon on Dec 18, 1860
- aimed to resolve the US secession crisis of 1860
- Slavery prohibited in North at 36 degrees
- adressed grievances that led the slave states of the US to contemplate secession from the US
- allowing southern states to keep slaves
- Proposal to keep Union and Confederacy togetherAllows slavery to remain where it existsBrings back 36/30 Line
- Time: 1863
- Declared all slaves in the CSA free.
- It set the war goals to not only be preserving the Union, but also to end slavery.
- After Antietam. Gave Confederate 100 days to surrender. Blacks can now fight in the war
States that ceased no longer exist they commit suicide
They had to re enter the union thru a territorial process
North demo- Stephen Douglas
South demo- john Breckinridge
Constitutional convention party- john bell
Republican Party- Abraham Lincoln
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