arranged an elaborate reconciliation ceremony in which his daughter Pocahontas "saved" Smith's life during a mock execution; died in 1618; weroance (chief) of the Powhatans
located near modern day St Louis; reigned supreme in the Mississippi valley; after A.D. 1200 experienced shortages of food and other resources; between the 10th and 13th centuries is consisted of about 20,000 people; filled more than 6 square miles and contained more than 120 earthwork
Salem Witchcraft Trials
In late 1691 several girls encouraged an African slave woman, Tituba, to tell them their fortunes and talk about sorcery; when the girls later began behaving strangely, villagers assumed they were victims witchcraft; pressed to identify their tormentors, the girls named two local white women and Tituba;
English phenomenon; 13th century; takes off in the 17th century; landowners start to enclose their property from peasants; leads to displacement, unemployment, and starvation
also called Militant Calvinists; demanded a wholesale purification of the Church of England from "popish [Catholic] abuses"; `affirmed salvation by predestination; denied Christ's presence in the Eucharist; believed that a learned sermon was the heart of true worship
not affected by revivalism; split the territory into the 2 colonies of West Jersey and East Jersey; accorded women unprecedented equality; suffered persecution and occasionally death in England, Massachusetts, and Virginia; not all came from the bottom of society
a massive temple complex here formed the sacred center of the Aztec empire; to support the nearly 200,000 people residing in and around here, the Aztecs maximized their production of food; the Spanish were stunned by its size and wealth; when the Aztecs took it back, the epidemic of smallpox epidemic began; by 1521 Cortes had overthrown the Aztecs and began to build a Spanish capital
a cluster of 12 large towns forged a powerful confederation numbering about 15,000 people; people traveled over the roads from the satellites to this area's large kivas for religious ceremonies; was a major trade center; the classic Anasazi culture manifested here
came close to failing; lost 840 people over 3 years; founded in 1607; began harsh with starvation and disease; many political squabbles here; tobacco saved the colony; conflict with the Indians and Pocahontas
was awarded New Jersey by the Duke of York in 1664; Charles II made him the proprietor of the last unallocated tract of American territory at the king's disposal; lived from 1644-1718; he was a quaker; wanted to launch a "holy experiment" based on the teachings of the radical English preacher George Fox
established in 1681; entered in the Covenant Chain in 1737; one of the most inclusive of the British colonies;
mostly white men 15-20 years old ; worked for wealthy planters; 90% of the English that came to the Chesapeake; men were more valued as field hands so 80% were; men could not get married until their term of labor was done; women had the advantage of finding prosperous planters to buy their remaining time of service
The Columbian Exchange
exchange of products, ideas, animals, diseases and plants; from Europe to the New World; began in 1492 and did not end until the slave trade ended in 1808; Soil became eroded and turned into desert because so many plants were extracted from the land.
Powhatans daughter; lived in Jamestown; "saved" Smith's life during a mock execution; married to John Rolfe, an Englishman, after the war; died in England in 1617
Founded by the Puritans and Quakers; 1630s; Present day Boston Area (Massachusetts Connecticut and Rhode Island); Break away from the Church of England
1630-1675; Virginia area, along the James River mostly; The Upper-Class had an addiction for tobacco. Indentured Servants made up most of the labor workers. The Farmers became rich and tobacco became a prime source or economic success
South Carolina & Georgia; 1740s; Rice Exports reached 80 million lbs. annually; Indigo became a leading export from this area. Rice & Indigo grew very rapidly Prime source for economic success
American South Settlement
The settlement took place in Jamestown and around Virginia. The people that settled were immigrants and indentured servants. The immigrants basically came to explore to make money. (Gold, Crops, & Livestock) The indentured servants were men and women who worked for them because they were criminals.
American North Settlement
The settlement took place in two main areas (New England and Pennsylvania) Quakers and Puritans made the trip so they could break free from the Church of England. They were trying to set an example for the right way to live life.
Portuguese and Spaniards settled to make become economically successful. The Portuguese focused on sugar extraction while Spaniards used slaves to mine for silver. They traded these items between them and their mainland.
Culture in Europe
Lords- Ruled over big sections of Lands(Manors), Peasants- Poor Europeans who worked the Manors, Than they were hit by the Bubonic Plague. Many Feudal Lords died so smaller realms were built and the Magna Carta gave more power to the King. The enclosure movement took place killing many peasants and farmers rioted it.
Culture in sub-Saharan Africa
Muhammad started the religion known as Islam and it was spreading like Wildfire. The Ghana Empire, The Mali Empire, The Songhai Empire, The Kingdom of Kongo, The Kingdom of Benin all formed after each other. Urbanization was taking place and was the center of Trade in the Atlantic Area. Slavery here was not race related. It was the poor with freedoms as well.
Culture in America
Spiritual Being,Oral Traditions/History, Non-violent Disputes (Reciprocity/Gift giving) -Kinship- Whole family works together (matrineal) Many NA nations. Women had many more rights than European Women-The Women were the head of the family -Elder women in the Iroquois nation made many decisions that affected the nation greatly
What influences did the regions of the Atlantic world give to North America
They brought many diseases that killed off many NA's. They started an economic boom in the Americas. Everything went from there.
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