They were the predecessor generation for the hippies. Examples are Jack Kerouac & Allen Ginsberg.
_______was commercial based, and it could carry sound to far distances, but it was full of static.
a term for a type of improvisation used especially by jazz musicians in which two or more musicians take turns improvising on two - or four - bar sections of music.
the use of more than one instrument or voice playing or singing the same notes at the same time.
A seventies style generally dominated by strong bass guitar lines, filled-in harmonies by guitars or keyboards, complex rhythms from a variety of drums, a flat-four beat, and a party-like atmosphere.
Notes that are actually at the same time sounding pitch although they are given different pitch names.
Movement in classical music where a musician takes a minimal amount of music and forms a piece out of it. Examples are Philip Glass & John Adams.
Scale (Aeolian ______ - natural white notes from A-A on the piano)
a type of singing using nonsense syllables in a style that imitates instrumental improvisations commonly used in jazz
Comes from rock and borrows jazz instruments (horn section)
A large group of instruments (generally from 30 to 100 or more players) that includes instruments from the string (bowed string), woodwind, brass, and percussion families, as well as piano, harp, and other instruments
consists of a set of dances borrowed from other countries.
An English “back to the roots of rock” movement of the seventies that reacted against glam rock and performing in theatres, so they performed in small clubs or taverns (British equivalent of punk rock)
notes that are not part of the basic, implied harmony that is being described by the other chords being played.
a jazz style that is influenced by, or fused with, elements of rock music, including even beat subdivisions, electric instruments, and short riff patterns
rhythmic patter-talk used by Jamaican disc jockeys while a recording was being played; also an engineering technique used to cut instruments or vocal parts out of a recording.
a Jamaican folk music that combines a Cuban rumba with African rhythms. The name comes from the Spanish mentar, meaning “to mention,” referring to the subtle way the music and dance express personal complaints or social criticisms.
traditional musical instruments, usually ones with strings such as grand pianos or guitars, with items placed on, hung from, or woven between or among the strings to alter the instrument’s sound. Movement in Grunge rock
a gradual decrease in loudness, or volume level
Ska slowed down, and it includeds a syncopated bass line.
Supported peace, love, and non-materialism. Slogan: Turn on, tune in, drop out.
A part of the counterculture
_______ had no static, was clearer, and had higher fidelity -- natural tone, static-free. became an outlet for psychedelic rock.
Evolved in 1981. Made Madonna and Michael Jackson popular
Classic timbres (instruments)
classical forms (opera)
avant-guarde resources (minimalism)
backbeat accented by handclaps
music never cadances
synthesized bass lines
Roots in hard rock and 60s rock
Mix of 80s rock: funk, heavy metal, pop
Added more tone color to punk and became cleaner, cooler.
It became commercially successful
polyrhythms, syncopated bass lines, and short vocal phrases with a considerable amount of repetition of those rhythm patterns and phrases.
James Brown and Prince
Subgenre of alternative rock. Became commercially successful in the 90s.
Distorted electrical guitars. Angst-filled or apathetic lyrics (social alienation)
Nirvana & Pearl Jam
Had folk lyrics
The Allman Brothers
The artist's performances became theatrical in themselves.
Jimi Hendrix "Star Spangled Banner"
Allman Brothers "Ramblin Man"
James Brown "Papa got a brand new bag"
Chic "Good Times Roll"
The Moody Blues "Nights in White Satin"
Blood, Sweat, and Tears "Spinning wheel."
Aeolian mode (A-A)
Decrescendo and crescendo
Compound beat -each beat subdivides
-Each beat is solidly accented by the bass. There is an accent on every beat.
-Polyrhythms created among the horns, the bass, and the drums. Each maintain its own rhythmic pattern that is simple and repetitous but different from that of other instruments
-Drums maintain an evenly subdivided beat with a strong backbeat
Distorted guitar sound
-pounding eight note pulse
-New york based band
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, "The message"
-took bits of other songs and combined them.
-synthesizers and drum machines.
-brutal and honest lyrics of ghetto life
-Complex repedetive beat
-synthesized orchestral chords
Michael Jackson, "Billie Jean"
This style combined modern instruments with traditional folk instruments and using the elements of mento became the Jamaican _____
It had a common element of a four-beat pattern based on rhythm & blues, but with a very strong accent on a subdivision after each of the four beats. The accent was strong enough to be heard as if it were the main beat, creating a delayed beat. For this reason, the ______ pattern is called a hesitation beat.
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