+Tensions mounting in 3rd Estate (economic problems, unequal, high taxes, high bread prices following bad grain harvest)
+Incompetence of Louis XVI
who: 18th century monarchs
what: A system in which rulers tried to govern by Enlightenment principles while maintaining their full royal powers
when: during the enlightenment
characteristics of enlightened monarchs: friendship with intellectuals, religious tolerance, support arts/letters/sciences, administration with accordance to natural reason
Frederick II of Prussia
who: a militarist who was "unenlightened"
what: established a authoritarian political system, absolute monarchy
when: 18th century
why: example of enlightened absolutism
Who: Queen of Russia, "Catherine the Great"
- 3 Goals:
1. Westernize Russia (successful)
2. Domestic reform (somewhat successful)
3. Territorial expansion (successful)
4. failed to abolish serfdom
-example of enlightened absolutism
When: mid-to-late 18th Century
who: Son of Maria Theresa became Roman Emperor what: Most radical enlightened despot. -Supported religious equality for protestants and Jews in his Catholic empire.. -Ended censorship. -Abolished serfdom.