A large St. Bernard enters the veterinarian’s office for a routine physical examination. As you approach the animal, what is the first step you should take to gain its confidence?
A. Forcefully take the dog from the owner. B. Run your hands over its body so it gets accustomed to your handling. C. Crouch down to its level, and scratch the dog under the chin. D. Crouch down to its level, and extend the back of your hand for the dog to sniff.
D. Crouch down to its level, and extend the back of your hand for the dog to sniff.
When taking a cat’s pulse, you determine that its heart beats 37 times in 15 seconds. Which of the following is the correct heart rate?
A. 74 beats per minute B. 111 beats per minute C. 128 beats per minute D. 148 beats per minute
D. 148 beats per minute
To restrain cattle one at a time for examination of the head, you would use a
A. cradle. B. squeeze chute. C. hobble. D. twitch.
B. squeeze chute.
The subjective information entered into the animal’s medical chart using the SOAP format could include which of the following information?
A. Loose stool B. Pulse rate C. Age D. Weight
A. Loose stool
An instrument used to inspect the ear canal of an animal for signs of disease or foreign objects is known as a/an
A. stethoscope. B. ophthalmoscope. C. neuro hammer. D. otoscope.
Your examination progresses to auscultation of the heart. What are the four parameters you need to pay attention to during this portion of the exam?
A. Heart sounds, heart rhythm, heart rate, and pulse deficits B. Heart sounds, heart appearance, heartbeat, and pulse defects C. Heart rhythm, heart rate, heart murmurs, and pulse defects D. Heart murmurs, heart rate, pulse deficits, and palpations
A. Heart sounds, heart rhythm, heart rate, and pulse deficits
Which of the following questions is an example of a nonleading question that’s most appropriate during the history-taking part of the physical examination?
A. “Is Spot drinking more water than normal?” B. “Does Dusty sleep more than before?” C. “Do you feel that Gizmo has a painful leg?” D. “When does Sophie’s lameness seem to get better?”
D. “When does Sophie’s lameness seem to get better?”
Part of a veterinary technician’s client education responsibilities may include
A. offering a preliminary pre-examination diagnosis. B. explaining a prescription while writing it. C. explaining the benefits of a nutritional regimen. D. explaining the veterinarian is late because she’s golfing.
C. explaining the benefits of a nutritional regimen.
Which of the following animals can be stretched for restraint in the same manner as a cat?
A. Piglet B. Dog C. Goat D. Ferret
Sunny, an African Grey, is presented for his annual avian physical examination. You know that Sunny and his owner have traveled over 20 miles to the veterinarian’s office. When observing Sunny in his carrier, you note that he’s standing on the floor of his cage. This bird may very well be exhibiting signs of
A. alertness. B. stress. C. fatigue. D. aggression.
To note any additional problems an animal may have, you should conduct a(n) _______ when interviewing the client.
A. body systems history B. body systems review C. physical examination D. environmental history
B. body systems review
Which of the following activities describes auscultation?
A. Observation of the animal’s coat color B. Determining unusual odors C. Feeling the animal’s intestines D. Listening to the animal’s heartbeat
D. Listening to the animal’s heartbeat
Working for a veterinarian that handles mostly farm animals, you drive out to a farm to assist with a routine physical examination on several small piglets. Which of the following is the best way to catch a small piglet?
A. Use a halter and lead rope B. Use a chute with a head catch C. Grasp the piglet’s rear leg D. Use a hog snare
C. Grasp the piglet’s rear leg
What is the hardest thing about performing abdominal palpation on a small animal?
A. Palpating the urinary bladder B. Dividing the abdomen into thirds C. Using enough force to feel organs but not tense the animal D. Using enough force to tense the animal
C. Using enough force to feel organs but not tense the animal
You’re speaking with the owner of a small, brown Poodle, and ask the question “Where does Cocoa scratch?” This question is a part of Cocoa’s
A. integumentary systems review. B. head-and-neck review. C. GI systems review. D. medical history.
A. integumentary systems review.
When restraining a dog for jugular venipuncture, the dog’s head should be lifted so the lines of his head and neck slightly exceed a
A. 30-degree angle. B. 45-degree angle. C. 90-degree angle. D. 180-degree angle.
C. 90-degree angle.
When restraining a horse for a routine veterinary procedure, it’s appropriate for the veterinary technician to
A. apply a twitch to the horse’s ear. B. tie its tail to the side of its stall. C. hold the horse’s lead rope. D. reassure the horse by lightly stroking its neck.
C. hold the horse’s lead rope.
During the integumentary examination of Lefty, a Siamese cat, you gently pinch a good handful of skin and time how long it takes for the skin to return to its normal state. This procedure measures _______ pressure.
A. blood C. osmotic B. ocular D. turgor
Which of the following methods is the best way to restrain a rabbit?
A. Hold the scruff while supporting the hindquarters B. Apply a collar and leash C. Gently grasp the ears and lift D. Grasp a hind leg
A. Hold the scruff while supporting the hindquarters
The _______ tends to kick to the side, so the rear legs are often restrained during physical examination.
A. cow B. horse C. sheep D. goat
The procedure section of the SOAP format describes which of the following considerations?
A. An animal’s diagnosis B. Follow-up care for an animal C. Laboratory results D. An explanation of the animal’s medical problem
B. Follow-up care for an animal
Which of the following is a common indicator of a problem in an animal’s central nervous system?
A. Excessive urination B. Bruising; swelling C. Seizures D. Breathing difficulty
The owner of a large Bulldog brings his pet to the veterinarian for a routine physical examination. You ask the question “How often do you travel with Rocky?” This question is part of Rocky’s
A. integumentary systems review. B. environmental history. C. signalment. D. body systems review.
B. environmental history.
As a veterinary technician, you’re taking a Cocker Spaniel’s respiratory rate. The dog takes 11 breaths in 30 seconds. You therefore calculate the respiratory rate to be how many respirations per minute? A. 22 C. 44 B. 33 D. 60
A systems history about the gastrointestinal system includes questions about
A. urinating habits B. coughing.. C. lack of balance. D. overeating.
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