argued that the u.s. was forcing the cold war while we should be focusing on our own poverty and racial issues.
wanted to stop the draft and destroy weapons.
fired by truman
states rights democratic party
southern democrats who were opposed to the civil rights platform.
Election of 1948
Truman won over Dewey
whistle stop campaigns
promised to extend the new deal and to ensure greater economic opportunity to all people.
BUT- republicans and southern democrats forced congress to oppose truman's proposals that were new and to only accept the ones that were expanding existing programs.
Truman's Loyalty Program
in response to the landslide truman authorized the attorney general to make a list of all organizations that were totalitarian, fascist, or subversives. and forbid membership or association otherwise it is grounds for dismissal.
House Un-American Activity Committee
investigated un-american activity. and make sure no un-american messages were in entertainment.
focused on hollywood
8 screenwriters and 2 directors refused to speak of their political stands
used the 1st amendment as their defense but supreme court didn't allow it so they went to jail.
people still believe that there are some people in the government who are un-american who support the soviet union and communism.
evangelist who preached to tons of people in stadiums. stresses individual approach to belief and social issues.
The Affluent Society (1958)
John Kenneth Galbraith
said that the future problem would be ensuring the fair distribution of wealth.
The Other America
reminded americans of the poor people who missed out on prosperity.
Election of 1960
Kennedy won over nixon because of his charisma and personality.
t.v. played big role. 1st presidential debates.
Ho Chi Minh
president of north vietnam
led the viet cong
army in south vietnam that fought the u.s. and the south vietnamese government.
supported by north vietnamese and ho chi minh
Russian for satellite
soviet union launched 1st artificial satellite which caused the u.s. more fear.
Brown vs. Board of Education
the supreme court ruled that "separate but equal" schools denied blacks of equal treatment and was unconstitutional.
refused to give up her seat on the bus and was arrested.
response- women's political council=mass bus boycott
Martin Luther King Jr.
led the mass bus boycott which won a victory and made him famous
formed the southern christian leadership conference (SCLC)
leader of the southern christian leadership conference (SCLC)
helped form the student nonviolent coordinating committee (SNCC)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
formed by ella baker
principle organization of the civil rights movement
formed in response to the violent sit-ins at the lunch tables
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
developed "freedom rides" to test segregation
one of buses was burned and riders were attacked
proved that blacks were in charge of their own civil rights revolution
War on Poverty
after kennedy was assassinated lyndon johnson took over
knew little about foreign policy but was master of domestic policy
recognized the problem of poverty in america and tried to fix it by developing social programs that focus on altering past behaviors (which had led to poverty)
core of the program= office of economic opportunity (OEO)-developed community action agencies
improved millions of lives
Mississippi Freedom Summer Project
organized by the SNCC
voting registration drive
sent volunteers to mississippi to target political system that used rigged literacy tests and intimidation to prevent black southerners from voting
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)
organized by the SNCC
sent it's own black delegates to 1964 democratic convention
johnson didn't allow but guaranteed 2 seats in 1968
Gulf of Tonkin
north vietnam boats attacked u.s. boat (maddox) in gulf of tonkin while it was eavesdropping
gulf of tonkin resolution: allowed johnson to wage undeclared war
Election of 1964
johnson won over barry goldwater in a landslide (61% popular vote)
johnson can achieve his goal of a great society and democrats don't have to beg conservatives for votes anymore
based on freedom and opportunity for all
medicare, medicaid, social security, food stamps, and health care helped the poor
republican candidate who ran against johnson in 1964 election
wanted aggressive confrontation with communism and proposed an all out war
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
considered itself the "new left"
student activist movement
called for a "participatory democracy", direct action, student power, etc.
National Organization for Women (NOW)
president is betty friedan
created to help revive feminism
Miss America Pageant
protestors crowned a sheep and encouraged women to "shed their bras and make up"
took off as a political and social movement
books described inequalities between men and women opportunity
focused on rape, sexual harassment, and sexism
white cop arrests black for drunk driving. crowd starts to complain. turns into a mob after LAPD arrive. start attacking and rioting.
lasted for 2 days until national guard
control of community through voting, celebrating heritage, creation of parallel society (whites and blacks)
nation of islam and black panthers
tet=vietnamese new year
viet cong attacked 36 of 44 capitals and national capital saigon
was a psychological blow not military blow
Election of 1968
nixon won over wallace and humphrey
when nixon reduced the u.s. ground forces he said his policies represented the "silent majority of his fellow americans"
melvin laird secretary of defense pulled u.s. troops out as fast as possible without harming the south vietnamese government in response to the antiwar opinion
Invasion of Cambodia
after aiding south vietnam under the nixon doctrine secretly bombed communist bases in cambodia
destabilized their government
french word used to describe the easing of tensions between u.s., china, and soviet union
implied that u.s. and china recognized mutual interests
u.s. acknowledged the soviet union as an equal in world affairs
made traveling easier between u.s. and china
allowed u.s. farmers to sell wheat to soviets
nixon targeted the south and the suburbs to win re-election
general revenue sharing-assisted suburbs
symbolism of the supreme court nominations-nominated people from florida and alabama. champion of the white south
Pentagon papers-showed leaders plan to expand war when they said they wanted out--->revealed and nixon mad---> hired hunt and liddy as "plumbers" (job was to prevent leaks of info) special investigation against opponents in white house---> 5 burglars hired by CREEP caught breaking in to watergate apartment building--->nixon bribes burglars to stay quiet--->cover falls apart in trial-->tries to find a defense story (set up john dean)---> staffer told committee about nixon's
recorded tapes of conversations--->subpoenaed the tapes but nixon refused to give them up---> failed to make a good deal so he fired special prosecutor and attorney general "SATURDAY NIGHT MASSACRE" (cause american doubt)--->impeach nixon--->nixon gives tape that has direct evidence and announces his resignation.
investigative committee chair
Senate's select committee on presidential campaign activities
The Iranian Hostage Crisis
took 66 americans hostage and demanded carter to surrender
came to agreement on eve of 1980 election and freed the hostages and reagan became president
reagan becomes president
Immigration Act of 1965
welcomed immigrants from all nations equally and gave preference to family reunification
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
equal rights shall not be denied by u.s. or any state due to sex/gender
Roe vs. Wade
struck down state laws forbidding abortion in 1st 3 months of pregnancy
National Right to Life Committee
pro life people
when police raided manhattan's stonewall inn, gays fought back
most responsible for including prohibition of sex discrimination under the civil rights act of 1964
president of national organization for women (NOW)
opposed equal rights
"a choice not an echo"
Want to see the other 56 Flashcards in History Final Exam?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!