The Crimean War was a mid 19th century war that was waged by Russia against Great Britain and France. It was spurred by Russia's enroachment on Ottoman territories. This war displayed Russia's weakness in the military field. Also, the peace settlement that came out of the war was a setback for Russia. The poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" by Alfred Lord Tennyson was also written in response to this war. Romania becomes an independent nation as well. Russia loses to Great Britain and France.
Painting done by Pablo Picasso. A town that was bombed by German planes in April 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. Blum and Popular Front preceded this bombing and this bombing preceded Hitler's "lessons."
"Realpolitik" was Otto von Bismarck's political theory to attain power for power alone. It was known as the watchword of the 1850s and the 1860s. Many European countries felt intimidated by the idea that Bismarck was willing to go to great lengths for the attainment of power.
Garibaldi was a political revolutionary in Italy during the times of Italian Unification. He believed that Italian Unification should come from above. He also captured Sicily and Naples from the Habsburg Empire. After this, the lands were peacefully annexed by Sardinia. Garibaldi wanted a constitutional monarchy that was favored by moderate nationalists. He wanted economic and political reforms without democracy.
Leopold was the Belgian King during the times of Imperialism in Africa. He was involved in many affairs regarding the Congo Free State which was actually run by his own private company. Leopold sponsored colonizing expeditions to Africa. Eventually, the Congo became a Belgian colony. Slave trade was to be repressed in favor of free labor.
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