What: The domestic slave trade which resulted in the sale of over 666,000 slaves
Why: The Second Middle Passage was historically significant in that it reinforced the chattel principle of slavery
Second Middle Passage-Why Part Two
and revelead the violence underpinning the paternalistic idea of slavery. Slave families were broken apart and 25% of sales resulted in split marriage.The overt cruetly of the domestic slave trade cracked the paternalistic defense of slavery and helped fuel the push for abolition.
Paternalistic Idea of Slavery
Who: slave, slaveholders
What: The belief that white masters treated their slaves as children and that slaves obediently went along with this idea.
When: 1700s and 1800s until Civil War
Where: USA, particularly the South
Why: Whites defended slavery...
Paternalistic Idea of Slavery (Part Two)
with the idea of paternalism. White masters sought to domesticate slavery and denied violence and injustice. As the second middle passage made slavery more transparent in its cruelty, the validity of this defense began to crumble.
Borderlands View of Western History
Who: pioneers moving to the west
What: discovery of the west
Where: western USA
Why: Western Expansion showed that America was powerful and successful. Many Americans believed firmly in the idea of manifest destiny
Who: northern democrats supportive of Martin van Buren and conscience whigs who opposed slavery
What: a political party that wanted to prohibit the expansion of slavery, thinking whites should be given work instead of blacks