inflation. Lincoln faced the challenge of keeping the border states loyal to the Union, and opposition from Copperheads and draft riots. Lincoln also limited civil liberties and arrested secessionists.
· Who: Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln
· What: The debates between Douglas and Lincoln, who were competing for the Illinois senate seat, centered largely on black rights and slavery.
Douglas called Lincoln a “Black Republican” and Lincoln asserted that the nation could not continue divided, and needed to resolve the issue of slavery one way or another.
· When: 1858, Illinois
Douglas won the senate seat but Lincoln’s excellent oratory skills helped influence the Republican party to chose him as their candidate for the 1860 election.
· Who: The Southern States
· What: South Carolina seceded and was followed by 6 other deep south states
· When: 1860-1861
· Where: the South
Who: The Union and the Confederacy, Great Britain and France
What: The Southern belief that slaves were necessary for the American economy because they produced cotton, which the north needed.
Who: runaway slaves,Union soldiers
What:Union Captain Butler refused to return 3 slaves who had runaway to the Union army.He put the to work in the Union camp and called them “contraband”
When: May 1861
Why: Slaves were willing to work for their freedom, as shown by their fleeing to Union camps. However, these runaways were called “contraband”, which is a term that could be applied to any stolen enemy goods.
Who: slaves, slave holders, Congress, the Union Army, Lincoln
What: freed slaves of rebels provided for seizure and sale of property owned by disloyal citizens. Forbid surrender fugitive slave to confederates
· When: July 1862
· Why: It authorized the president to employ African Americans in the Union army. Was a success for the abolitionist movement as it made it easier to free slaves. Also since the Union was protecting escaped slaves, it officially made the Civil War a war to end slavery.
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