SPONTANEOUS GENERATION: -Theory thqt living things come from non-libing things -Hippocrates, Aristotle, William Harvey were believers. -The First person to try to disprove this theory was: Francisco Redi (redi's experiment), then Spallanzani's experiment and it was totally disproved with Louis Pasteur and his experiment.
-proposes that microorganisms are the cause of many diseases.
-Girolamo Fracastoro proposed in 1546 that epidemic diseases are caused by transferable seedlike entities that could transmit infection by direct or indirect contact or even without contact over long distances. (fATHER OF GERM THEORY)
-Francisco redi, John Needham, Spallazani, Pasteur, John Tyndall
-Robert Koch was the first scientist to devise a series of proofs used to verify the germ theory of disease.[
MEDICINE IN THE MIDDLE AGES -Rhazes
1)where is he form? 2)what was his most important acievement? 3)what were his 2 works?
1)persian doctor 2)discovere te difference between smallpox and measles 3) -"Al-Hawi": a book where he translated teh works of many greek doctors. - "On smallpox and measles"
MEDICINE IN THE MIDDLE AGES -Religion's role
1)what placed served as hospitals? 2)what medical schools gained high reputation? why? 3) who where 2 very imprtant islamic doctors:
1) monasteries 2)Islamic medical schools, because islamic medicine was based on teh Qu'ran and it gave clear instructions and social responsibilites. 3)Rhazes and Avicenna
ANCIENT MEDICINE -China
-The chinese believed that disease was caused by an imbalance in the body - The body was made of 2 kinds of energy: Ying and Yang -limited knowledge of anatomy
THEORY OF THE FOUR HUMORS
-Developed by Hipporcates -Said that he body contained four humors or fluids: blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile -if one of the above were in imbalance, it would cause disease. - although this theory is wrong, it encouraged doctors to look for causes of disease. -this theory was not changed until the 1400's