TEST #2 Essay #1) During WWI the draft was put into effect to recruit soldiers (Non-Partisan League, debt ridden farms that formed the Green Corn Rebellion, socialists, radical labor groups all against the draft) Civil liberties were encouraged to be censored and everyone was encouraged to spy on their neighbors Creel ?Not a pin dropped in the home of anyone with a foreign name? nothing was private Discrimination against those with foreign names and communism Discriminated against Germans in general (the Kaiser-Kuhn Grocery in St. Louis became the Pioneer Grocery and so forth) Government bullied those who wouldn?t conform to every way of living in an ?American? way Took away peoples freedom of speech (Emily Greene Balch an economics professor who won Noble Peace Prize in 1946, pacifist views) Espionage and Sedition Act: forbade ?false statements? about encouraging the draft or the promotion of military Sedition Act: Legally forbade people from publicly unlawful to stop sell of war bonds, and to talk poorly of the government In home front atmosphere the government always prevailed in saying what they believed was right and wrong It embarrassed and took away peoples pride because two thousand people were prosecuted, and many intimidated into silence Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes said that speech could be limited Racial unrest Essay #2) 18th amendment of the constitution was called the Prohibition Act Gambling and prostitution Capone- prohibition is a business Walter Litman (Americans desire to rebel) Threatening because it made them look bad Moral outrage ?white slavery? Modern people thought that people should go to college and study whatever whereas the conservatives encouraged simple courses home economics and home education 283,000 went to college Many conservatives also believed that woman shouldn?t be allowed in the medical field Roles were changed in the household Flappers Increased raged in professional sports Decade of household appliances Margaret Sanger invented birth control promoted Younger generation more outgoing Daily lives were split in leisure Birth control more widely practiced Machines Trends were expressed that were thought disrespectful of their parents Jazz was a huge deal Conservatives were opposed made the prohibition act Conservatives tried to make everything the same as before but with the new generation free spirited children were uncontrolled The conservatives were threatened by the youngsters who took away their culture that they were expected to live up to Essay #3) Roosevelt slapped embargo on petroleum and scrap metal to Japan and that made them mad Trade Lend Lease to Britain for them to borrow weapons and return after war Germany and Japan became allies because of need materials Pearl Harbor We pursued to conquer by island hopping cutting them off from each country surrounding their own and eventually made it to Hiroshima the mainland Japan June 6, 1944 D Day in Normandy where Germany surrenders August 6-9 bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki VJ day August 15, 1945 During this time Japanese were sent to internment camps losing everything and freedom on the home front World War I (Overseas trade) Triple Entente: France, Great Britain, Russia, Serbia Triple Alliance: Central Powers, Germany, Austro-Hungarian, Italy World War II (War with Europe then Pearl Harbor then War with Japan, Victory at Normandy then Victory at Japan) Allies: Great Britain, USSR, US, France Axis: Germany Japan, Italy HUEY LONG ?Share our Wealth? George Creel(1917) CPI Wanted war Nativism and calling people out about their backgrounds Randolph Bourne(1917) Disagreed with war Thought war was misguided and CPI created intolerance Talks about child on mad elephant rather than child on the ground Talked about state War is the health of the state Regina Malone(1926) Stuck up for her generation of youth Independence a crime? Revolt against Victorianism Talk about sex like automobiles Hiram Wesley Evans(1926) Ku Klux Klan Understand the klan as old-stock Americans People of the Nordic Race strong others died off Old stock citizen They feel uncomfortable with the new ideas and religions and so forth Moral standards went by the boards Black people made them weak Clarence Darrow(1925) Supported evolution Supported democrats through big machines William Jennings Bryan(1925) Alcohol is a sin Won the Scopes case in convicting him guilty for teaching evolution Supported democrats through rural base W.E.B. DuBois (1925) Commented on Scopes Trial Editor of crisis United States has turned to ignorance
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