An attempt by white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt by seizing a United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia in 1859. Brown's raid was defeated by a detachment of U.S. Marines led by Col. Robert E. Lee.
Stephen A. Douglas
A Democratic senator who broke Clay's comprehensive western slavery bill into parts and got them passed. They admitted California as a free state, but left the others up to popular sovereignty. These bills were collectively known as the Compromise of 1850.
President of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Didn't want the South to secede because he thought the Union should stay together
Strong leader because of his military experience
Spent time worrying about minor details
The idea that governemnt is subject to the will of the people. Before the Civil War, this was the idea that the residents of a territory should determine, though their legislatures, whether to allow slavery
Compromise of 1850
the compromise that allowed California to come in as a free state, Utah and New Mexico territories were given popular sovereignty to decide if they wanted to be slave or free, and the Fugitive Slave Act was strengthened with penalties for helping runaway slaves.
Uncle Tom's Cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe)
antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
spoke out powerfully against slavery
main character is sold down river, and is beaten to death
novel electrified the North and sparked outrage in South